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Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine ; 34(SUPPL 1):118, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1517726
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(22): 11960-11963, 2020 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-962031


Though the exact etiology of autoimmune diseases still remains not completely known, there are various factors which are known to contribute to be trigger of autoimmune diseases. Viral infection is known to be among the other. It is known as the infection from severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) can be an autoimmune trigger, so, we suppose that SARS-Coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) could be as well. Several authors have highlighted the temporal consequence between SARS-CoV-2 and autoimmune diseases. In this case report we described a patient admitted for COVID-19 pneumonia with completely negative autoimmunity at admission who developed major pulmonary interstitial disease. During the hospitalization the weaning difficulties from oxygen led us to the repetition of autoimmunity pattern which became positive (both during hospitalization then after two months from dismission) with marked positivity for specific antibodies for myositis even after the patient's infectious healing. In the follow-up, the patient continued to have asthenia and muscle weakness despite steroid therapy. She is still in follow-up and will be further evaluated over time. Can we therefore think that in this case the development of autoimmunity can persist beyond the infectious phase and determine over time the development of a real autoimmune myositis?

Autoantibodies/immunology , Autoimmune Diseases/immunology , COVID-19/immunology , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/immunology , Muscle Weakness/immunology , Myositis/immunology , Aged , Antibodies, Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic/immunology , Antibodies, Antinuclear/immunology , Antigens, Nuclear/immunology , Asthenia/immunology , Autoimmune Diseases/drug therapy , Autoimmune Diseases/etiology , Autoimmune Diseases/physiopathology , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/physiopathology , COVID-19/therapy , Female , Humans , Ku Autoantigen/immunology , Mi-2 Nucleosome Remodeling and Deacetylase Complex/immunology , Myositis/drug therapy , Myositis/etiology , Myositis/physiopathology
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(18): 9695-9697, 2020 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-814889


Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a respiratory tract infection caused by a newly emergent coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2. The acute phase may be followed by a second phase actually not yet completely understood but probably associated to an autoimmune activation. At the moment is not possible to clearly define an association between immunological findings and pathological symptoms, however, this case report describes the case of a patient who following COVID-19 infection development autoimmune antibodies who persist in time longer than viral phase. Those antibodies can be responsible for the multi pathological clinical picture showed from our patient that, according to EULAR 2019 criteria, could be classified as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). SLE is probably one of the possible chronic rheumatologic diseases triggers by COVID-19 and this is the first case of SLE with vasculitis actually described in literature.

Coronavirus Infections/complications , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Aged, 80 and over , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Female , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2