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1.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 806149, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1785423

ABSTRACT

Objective: During the COVID-19 pandemic, face-to-face intervention services for families of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) were limited. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of an 8-week, online-delivered Project ImPACT program for children with ASD and their parents in China during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A pilot non-randomized study with a waitlist control group was conducted in 68 children with ASD and their parents in the Department of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics between April 15, 2020 and March 19, 2021. Participants were allocated to either the intervention (IG) or the waitlist group (WLG) according to their order of recruitment. Parents in the IG immediately received 8 weeks of the online-delivered Project ImPACT program, and the WLG received the same program with a delay when the IG had completed all sessions. Participants in both groups received treatment as usual during the research period. Results: The online-delivered Project ImPACT program significantly improved the parent-reported social communication skills of children with ASD. Furthermore, parent's involvement in the training program produced a collateral reduction in parenting stress and an increase in perceived competence in the parental role. Parents rated the program acceptable in terms of curriculum schedule, session content, homework assignments, and therapist feedback. Conclusions: The 8-week, online-delivered Project ImPACT program is a feasible and effective social skill training program for families of children with ASD in China during the COVID-19 pandemic. Due to the methodological limitations, randomized controlled studies with larger sample sizes are suggested to provide more solid evidence.

2.
EuropePMC; 2022.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-332344

ABSTRACT

Background: Care patterns and TCM constitution affects systemic scleroderma (SSc) patients’ emotion and health while the prevalence of covid-19 may aggravate this situation. Thus, we investigated depression and anxiety level in SSc patients during the COVID-19 pandemic to identify the correlation between care patterns, TCM constitution and patients' emotion. Methods: : This was a cross-sectional study. SSc patients and healthy individuals were surveyed through the Patient Health Questionnaire-9, Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7, the Constitution in Chinese Medicine Questionnaire and a modified care pattern questionnaire. Factors correlated with depression and anxiety were screened by univariate and multivariate logistic regression. Results: : A total of 273 SSc patients and 111 healthy individuals were included. The median age was 45 years in both patient and healthy groups. 74.36% of SSc patients were in depression and 51.65% were in anxiety. 69.60% worked remotely and 50.92% experienced a decrease in income, which were both higher than in the healthy group (38.74%, 29.73%). The proportion of income reduction in the online group (56.19%) was higher than that in the hospital group (33.33%) (P = 0.001). 36.99% of SSc patients had disease progression during the pandemic. Yang-deficiency constitution (82.05%) was the TCM constitution characteristic of SSc patients, while Qi-deficiency(73.63%) and Blood-stasis constitution (57.14%) were also more common. TCM constitution of patients from different sources distributed roughly similar. Qi-deficiency (adjusted OR=2.250) and Qi-stagnation (adjusted OR= 3.824) constitution were significantly associated with depression. The major constitution of dampness-heat was associated with a decrease in depression (adjusted OR=0.160). Remote work during the outbreak (adjusted OR= 1.920), decreasing in income (adjusted OR=3.556), and disease progression (P=0.030) were associated with the occurrence of depression. Conclusion: Chinese SSc patients have a high prevalence of depression and anxiety. The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the care patterns of Chinese SSc patients in terms of work, income, and ways of getting medical support. Within the care patterns, work, income, disease and change of medications were correlates of depression or anxiety in SSc patients. Qi-stagnation and Qi-deficiency constitution were associated with depression, and Qi-stagnation constitution was associated with anxiety in SSc patients. Further research is needed. Trial registration: ChiCTR, ChiCTR2000038796, Registered 02 October 2020, http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=62301

3.
Mol Inform ; : e2200001, 2022 Mar 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1763266

ABSTRACT

Identification of disease-drug associations is an effective strategy for drug repurposing, especially in searching old drugs for newly emerged diseases like COVID-19. In this study, we put forward a network-based method named NEDNBI to predict disease-drug associations based on a gene-disease-drug tripartite network, which could be applied in drug repurposing. The novelty of our method lies in the fact that no negative data are required, and new disease could be added into the disease-drug network with gene as the bridge. The comprehensive evaluation results showed that the proposed method had good performance, with AUC value 0.948±0.009 for 10-fold cross validation. In a case study, 8 of the 20 predicted old drugs have been tested clinically for the treatment of COVID-19, which illustrated the usefulness of our method in drug repurposing. The source code and data of the method are available at https://github.com/Qli97/NEDNBI.

4.
J Cheminform ; 14(1): 16, 2022 Mar 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1741956

ABSTRACT

The Janus kinase (JAK) family plays a pivotal role in most cytokine-mediated inflammatory and autoimmune responses via JAK/STAT signaling, and administration of JAK inhibitors is a promising therapeutic strategy for several diseases including COVID-19. However, to screen and design selective JAK inhibitors is a daunting task due to the extremely high homology among four JAK isoforms. In this study, we aimed to simultaneously predict pIC50 values of compounds for all JAK subtypes by constructing an interpretable GNN multitask regression model. The final model performance was positive, with R2 values of 0.96, 0.79 and 0.78 on the training, validation and test sets, respectively. Meanwhile, we calculated and visualized atom weights, followed by the rank sum tests and local mean comparisons to obtain key atoms and substructures that could be fine-tuned to design selective JAK inhibitors. Several successful case studies have demonstrated that our approach is feasible and our model could learn the interactions between proteins and small molecules well, which could provide practitioners with a novel way to discover and design JAK inhibitors with selectivity.

5.
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-322526

ABSTRACT

The aim of our study was to describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with confirmed severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pneumonia who underwent elective tracheostomies. We investigated all COVID-19 patients who underwent elective tracheostomies in intensive care units (ICUs) of 23 hospitals in Hubei Province, China, from January 8, 2020 to March 25, 2020. Demographic information, clinical characteristics, treatment, details of the tracheostomy procedure, successful weaning after tracheostomy, and living status were collected and analyzed. A total of 80 patients were included. The median duration from endotracheal intubation to tracheostomy was 17.5 [IQR 11.3-27.0] days. Most tracheotomies were performed by ICU physicians (62 (77.5%)) and using percutaneous techniques (63 (78.8%)) at the ICU bedside (76 (95.0%)). At 60 days after intubation, 31 (38.8%) patients experienced successful weaning from the ventilator, 17 (21.2%) patients were discharged from the ICU, and 43 (53.8%) patients had died. Higher 60-day mortality (22 (73.3%) vs 21 (42.0%)) was identified in patients who underwent early tracheostomy. In patients with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia, tracheostomies were feasible to conduct by ICU physicians at bedside with few major complications. However, tracheostomies within 14 days of endotracheal intubation should be avoided.

6.
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-315251

ABSTRACT

Background: While great success in the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) control has been achieved in China, imported cases have become a major challenge. This study aimed to describe the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of imported COVID-19 cases and to assess the effectiveness of screening strategy in Beijing, China. Methods This retrospective study included all imported COVID-19 cases from Beijing Ditan Hospital from 29 February to 20 March 2020, who were screened by both chest computed tomography (CT) and reverse-transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) at initial presentation. Demographic, clinical and laboratory data, in addition to chest CT imaging were were collected and analyzed. Results A total of 71 imported cases were finally diagnosed with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19. The cases were mainly acquired from Europe (63 cases, 88.73%). The main clinical manifestations were fever and cough, which accounted for 30 cases (42.25%) and 35 cases (49.30%), respectively. Only 4 cases (5.63%) had lymphocytopenia and 13 (18.31%) cases demonstrated elevated levels of C-reactive protein (CRP). All cases had normal serum levels of procalcitonin (PCT). 35 cases (49.30%) had abnormal CT findings at initial presentation, whereas 36 cases (50.70%) had a normal CT. Using RT-PCR, 59 cases (83.10%) were tested positive at initial presentation. Conclusions The number of overseas imported COVID-19 cases continues to rise in China. The combination of screening tools, particularly CT and RT-PCR, can detect imported COVID-19 cases efficiently.

7.
BMC Infect Dis ; 22(1): 59, 2022 Jan 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1634635

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In March 2020, the WHO declared the novel coronavirus outbreak a global pandemic. While great success in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) control has been achieved in China, imported cases have become a major challenge. This study aimed to describe the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of imported COVID-19 cases and to assess the effectiveness of screening strategies in Beijing, China. METHODS: This retrospective study included all imported cases transferred to Beijing Ditan Hospital from 29 February to 20 March 2020 who were screened by both chest computed tomography (CT) and reverse-transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) at the initial presentation. Demographic, clinical and laboratory data, in addition to chest CT imaging, were collected and analysed. RESULTS: In total, 2545 cases were included, among which 71 (2.8%) were finally diagnosed with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19. The majority 63 (88.7%) were from Europe. The most common initial symptoms were cough and fever, which accounted for 49.3% and 42.3%, respectively. Only four cases (5.6%) had lymphocytopenia, and thirteen cases (18.3%) demonstrated elevated levels of C-reactive protein (CRP). All cases had normal serum levels of procalcitonin (PCT). At initial presentation, among the 71 confirmed cases, 59 (83.1%) had a positive RT-PCR assay, and 35 (49.3%) had a positive chest CT. Twelve (16.9%) had a negative RT-PCR assay but a positive chest CT. CONCLUSIONS: A combination of RT-PCR and chest CT is an effective strategy for the screening of imported COVID-19 cases. Our findings provide important information and clinical evidence about the infection control of imported COVID-19 cases.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Beijing/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Humans , Pandemics , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
8.
World J Pediatr ; 17(3): 263-271, 2021 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1279501

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to explore the characteristics of Kawasaki disease (KD) and concurrent pathogens due to a stay-at-home isolation policy during coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic. METHODS: All patients with KD admitted between February and April in 2015-2020, were classified into before (group 1, in 2015-2019) and after (group 2, in 2020) isolation groups. A total of 4742 patients [with KD (n = 98) and non-KD (n = 4644)] referred to Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) and virus detection were analyzed in 2020. Clinical characteristics, laboratory data, and 13 pathogens were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: Group 2 had a significantly increased incidence of KD (0.11%) with 107 patients compared to that of group 1 (0.03%) with 493 patients. The comparisons of oral mucosal change, strawberry tongue, desquamation of the fingertips, cervical lymphadenopathy and neutrophil percentage decreased in group 2 compared to group 1. The infection rate of MP increased significantly in group 2 (34.7%) compared to group 1 (19.3%), while the positive rate of viruses decreased significantly in group 2 (5.3%) compared to group 1 (14.3%). In 2020, the positive rate of MP infection increased significantly in patients with KD compared to the increase in patients with non-KD. The infection rate of MP for younger children aged less than 3 years old was higher in group 2 than in group 1. CONCLUSION: Compared with the characteristics of KD from 2015 to 2019 years, the incidence of KD was increased in 2020 and was accompanied by a high incidence of MP infection, especially in younger children (less than 3 years old) during the isolation due to COVID-19 pandemic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/epidemiology , Physical Distancing , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma/epidemiology , Respiratory Tract Infections/epidemiology , Respiratory Tract Infections/microbiology , Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Incidence , Infant , Male , Pandemics , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Virus Diseases/epidemiology , Virus Diseases/virology
11.
Clin Kidney J ; 13(3): 340-346, 2020 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1109179

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a pandemic that has affected more than 3 million patients globally. Previous data from Wuhan city showed that acute kidney injury (AKI), proteinuria and hematuria occurred frequently in patients with severe COVID-19. However, the prevalence of kidney injury in milder cases remains unclear. METHODS: This retrospective study included two major consecutive cohorts of COVID-19 patients in Sichuan Province. Baseline characteristics, laboratory data including renal function, proteinuria and dipstick hematuria, and other laboratory parameters were collected. A subgroup of patients was followed up for 2-4 weeks to evaluate the short-term outcome of renal impairment. RESULTS: Overall, 168 COVID-19-positive patients were included in the study. The majority of patients (79.7%) were diagnosed with mild or moderate disease. Half of patients presented with fever; however, in The Tibetan cohort, fever only occurred in 13.4% of patients. On hospital admission, proteinuria and dipstick hematuria were noted in 18.4% and 17.4% of patients, respectively, while AKI only occurred in one patient. Further analysis showed that severe or critical COVID-19 was associated with higher risk of proteinuria [relative risk (RR) 7.37, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.45-22.18, P = 3.8 × 10-4] and dipstick hematuria (RR 8.30, 95% CI 2.69-25.56, P = 2.3 × 10-4). Proteinuria, dipstick hematuria, or the combination of proteinuria and hematuria could significantly predict severe or critical severe COVID-19. CONCLUSIONS: Proteinuria and dipstick hematuria are not uncommon in patients with COVID-19 infection, especially in severe or critical cases.

12.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 7: 615845, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1016068

ABSTRACT

Background: The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has led to a large and increasing number of patients requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation and tracheostomy. The indication and optimal timing of tracheostomy in COVID-19 patients are still unclear, and the outcomes about tracheostomy have not been extensively reported. We aimed to describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with confirmed severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pneumonia who underwent elective tracheostomies. Methods: The multi-center, retrospective, observational study investigated all the COVID-19 patients who underwent elective tracheostomies in intensive care units (ICUs) of 23 hospitals in Hubei province, China, from January 8, 2020 to March 25, 2020. Demographic information, clinical characteristics, treatment, details of the tracheostomy procedure, successful weaning after tracheostomy, and living status were collected and analyzed. Data were compared between early tracheostomy patients (tracheostomy performed within 14 days of intubation) and late tracheostomy patients (tracheostomy performed after 14 days). Results: A total of 80 patients were included. The median duration from endotracheal intubation to tracheostomy was 17.5 [IQR 11.3-27.0] days. Most tracheotomies were performed by ICU physician [62 (77.5%)], and using percutaneous techniques [63 (78.8%)] at the ICU bedside [76 (95.0%)]. The most common complication was tracheostoma bleeding [14 (17.5%)], and major bleeding occurred in 4 (5.0%) patients. At 60 days after intubation, 31 (38.8%) patients experienced successful weaning from ventilator, 17 (21.2%) patients discharged from ICU, and 43 (53.8%) patients had died. Higher 60 day mortality [22 (73.3%) vs. 21 (42.0%)] were identified in patients who underwent early tracheostomy. Conclusions: In patients with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia, tracheostomies were feasible to conduct by ICU physician at bedside with few major complications. Compared with tracheostomies conducted after 14 days of intubation, tracheostomies within 14 days were associated with an increased mortality rate.

13.
Am J Manag Care ; 26(8): e237-e238, 2020 08 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-729864

ABSTRACT

This article gives recommendations for individual hemodialysis centers worldwide to ensure the safety and effectiveness of patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis based on the experience of such a patient with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the Sichuan province of China.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Renal Dialysis/statistics & numerical data , Tertiary Care Centers/organization & administration , Ambulatory Care Facilities/organization & administration , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , China , Humans , SARS-CoV-2
14.
Acta Diabetol ; 58(2): 139-144, 2021 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-613158

ABSTRACT

AIMS: Nowadays, the ongoing pandemic of COVID-19 caused by the novel coronavirus Syndrome-Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Complications such as hypertension, diabetes, COPD, cardiovascular disease, and cerebrovascular disease are major risk factors for patients with COVID-19. METHODS: No meta-analysis has explored if or not diabetes related to mortality of patients with COVID-19. Therefore, this meta-analysis first aims to explore the possible clinical mortality between diabetes and COVID-19, analyze if diabetes patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 are exposed to the worst clinical prognostic risk, and to evaluate the reliability of the evidence. RESULTS: Our results showed a close relationship between diabetes and mortality of COVID-19, with a pooled OR of 1.75 (95% CI 1.31-2.36; P = 0.0002). The pooled data were calculated with the fixed effects model (FEM) as no heterogeneity appeared in the studies. Sensitivity analysis showed that after omitting any single study or converting a random effect model to FEM, the main results still held. CONCLUSIONS: Our meta-analysis showed that diabetes increases the mortality of patients with COVID-19. These results indicated the disturbance of blood glucose in the COVID-19 patients. More importantly, this meta-analysis grades the reliability of evidence for further basic and clinical research into the diabetes dysfunction in COVID-19 patients.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/mortality , Diabetes Complications/mortality , Diabetes Mellitus/mortality , Blood Glucose/physiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/pathology , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Humans , Hypertension/epidemiology , Hypertension/mortality , Pandemics , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2/physiology , Severity of Illness Index
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