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1.
Chirurgia (Bucur) ; 117(6): 643-650, 2022 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2204959

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The aim of this study is to analyze the progress of hospitalizations and how the emergency operations in our Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences of the Foggia Hospital have changed qualitatively and quantitatively from pre-Covid-19 to today. Methods: Our cohort-study was conducted by analyzing four groups of patients admitted in emergency to our department from 2019 to 2022. Results: We observed a total of 150 patients for the group 1, 25 patients for the group 2, 71 patients for the group 3 and 110 for the group 4, of these 20 were emergency admission during 2019, 16 during 2020, 31 during 2021 and 10 during 2020 (p 0.05); 130 were elective admission during 2019, 9 during 2020, 40 during 2021 and 100 during 2022 (p 0.05). Of the emergency admissions 11 were operated during the no covid period in 2019, 14 during 2020, 29 during 2021, 6 during 2022. Conclusions: The contraction of hospitalizations for urgent and emergency conditions during the first lockdown has been accompanied by positive implications. The measures employed in hospitals to contain the infection determined a reduction in COVID cases, allowing the nearly complete resumption of the surgical activity provided in the pre-COVID era.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Retrospective Studies , Communicable Disease Control , Treatment Outcome , Emergency Service, Hospital
2.
Healthcare (Basel) ; 10(9)2022 Sep 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2043657

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Stay-at-home orders in response to the Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic have forced abrupt changes to daily routines. The aim of this study is to describe the behavior of lifestyles of individuals with obesity on the waiting list for bariatric surgery in the Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences of University of Foggia during the COVID-19 pandemic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From June 2020 to December 2020 an online survey format was administered to all the patients (n = 52) enrolled for bariatric surgery subjects with obesity, to obtain information about the COVID-19 pandemic's impact on patients with obesity starting 9 March 2020 until 18 May 2020. RESULTS: Our data showed that 58% of patients stated that the pandemic negatively affected their mood, 60% of patients confirmed that they changed their dietary behaviors during the stay-at-home period, as they consumed more unhealthy foods or spent less time cooking home cooked meals. In addition, 71% of patients stated that the closure of the gyms worsened their obesity condition and their mental well-being with an increase of a feeling of anxiety. CONCLUSIONS: Results showed that the COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on health behaviors, including quality of life, mental health physical activity, weight maintenance, and consumption of sweets in obese patients.

3.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 58(8)2022 Aug 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2023903

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives: Colon diseases can turn in a clinical emergency with the onset of some important complications. Some critical conditions are more common in aged patients because they are frailer. The aim of this study is to examine patients over 80 years of age who are undergoing emergency colorectal surgery, and evaluating the aspects associated with post-operative complications and other problems in the short term. Methods: From November 2020 to February 2022, we included 32 consecutive patients older than 80 undergoing emergency surgery due to colon diseases. We collected and analysed all demographic and operative data, and then applied CR-POSSUM score and correlated this with postoperative hospital stay and the onset of postoperative complications according to the Clavien Dindo classification. Results: Postoperative factors were selectively evaluated based on the clinical scenario and different colic pathologies. There were no statistically significant differences, in terms of postoperative hospital stay, postoperative complications, reoperation rate and 30-day mortality. The number of cases of blood transfusions was significant and was more numerous in cases of intestinal perforation and bleeding cases. The value of the Operative Severity Score in bowel perforations was significantly higher. Conclusions: The use of a score to stratify the risk is a useful tool, especially in elderly patients undergoing emergency surgery. The CR-POSSUM score was important for predicting morbidity in our study. Emergency manifestations of colon diseases in the elderly show higher morbidity and mortality rates. The effect of age on outcome is a concept that needs to be emphasized, so further investigation is needed.


Subject(s)
Colorectal Surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Intestinal Perforation , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Colon/surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Humans , Intestinal Perforation/epidemiology , Intestinal Perforation/etiology , Intestinal Perforation/surgery , Length of Stay , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology
4.
Ann Med Surg (Lond) ; 60: 686-689, 2020 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-956903

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Various surgical societies constantly update their recommendations in order to adapt surgical activity on current Pandemic conditions. The aim of this study is to analyze how hospitalizations and emergency operations have changed in our Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences in the Hospital of Foggia during covid-19 pandemic. METHODS: Our cohort-study was conducted by analyzing two groups of patients admitted to the Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences of the Hospital of Foggia: those admitted during the no-covid period from March 09th, 2019 to May 09th, 2019 and those during the covid period from March 09th, 2020 to May 09th, 2020. RESULTS: A total of 750 patients admitted during the no-covid period of 2019 and 171 during the covid period of 2020, of these 222 were emergency admission during 2019 and 97 during 2020, 528 were elective admission during 2019 and 74 during 2020. Of the emergency admissions (222 during 2019 and 97 during 2020), 91 were operated during the no covid period in 2019 and 52 during the covid period in 2020. The mean Mannheim Peritonitis Index Score, that is a scoring system used in peritonitis which is simple and cost-effective, were 15.6 during the no covid period of 2019 and 22.2 during the covid period of 2020. We observed 29 post-operative complications during 2019 and 26 during 2020. CONCLUSIONS: Contraction of admissions for urgent and emergent conditions in the first period of lockdown has been followed from some positive effects as well as aggravating consequences.

5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(10)2020 May 20.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-324354

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 global pandemic is caused by SARS-CoV-2, and represents an urgent medical and social issue. Unfortunately, there is still not a single proven effective drug available, and therefore, current therapeutic guidelines recommend supportive care including oxygen administration and treatment with antibiotics. Recently, patients have been also treated with off-label therapies which comprise antiretrovirals, anti-inflammatory compounds, antiparasitic agents and plasma from convalescent patients, all with controversial results. The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) is important for the maintenance of cellular homeostasis, and plays a pivotal role in viral replication processes. In this review, we discuss several aspects of the UPS and the effects of its inhibition with particular regard to the life cycle of the coronaviruses (CoVs). In fact, proteasome inhibition by various chemical compounds, such as MG132, epoxomycin and bortezomib, may reduce the virus entry into the eucariotic cell, the synthesis of RNA, and the subsequent protein expression necessary for CoVs. Importantly, since UPS inhibitors reduce the cytokine storm associated with various inflammatory conditions, it is reasonable to assume that they might be repurposed for SARS-CoV-2, thus providing an additional tool to counteract both virus replication as well as its most deleterious consequences triggered by abnormal immunological response.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Proteasome Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Betacoronavirus/isolation & purification , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress/drug effects , Humans , Oligopeptides/pharmacology , Oligopeptides/therapeutic use , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Proteasome Inhibitors/pharmacology , SARS-CoV-2
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