Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 1 de 1
Add filters

Document Type
Year range
Journal of General Internal Medicine ; 37:S280, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1995854


BACKGROUND: The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has affected over 61 million U.S. citizens, and up to 30-80% of COVID-19 survivors may go on to develop post-acute sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 (PASC). These sequelae can be debilitating and often impair quality of life and daily function. Although it has been suggested that severity of acute COVID-19 infection is directly related to PASC development, this association remains unclear. METHODS: This prospective cohort study was conducted through consecutive recruitment of confirmed and probable COVID-19 patients with persistent symptoms lasting ≥3 weeks from disease onset or positive SARS-CoV-2 test from academic PASC clinics at Emory University and Grady Memorial Hospital in Atlanta, GA during January-December 2021. Sociodemographic, comorbidity, and acute COVID-19 data were collected. Severe acute COVID- 19 was defined as requiring hospitalization, and critical acute COVID-19 required intensive care. New or worsening symptoms persisting ≥3 weeks from COVID-19 onset were collected using a standardized review of systems, and confirmed by clinician interview. Differences in PASC symptom type were assessed by calculating risk ratios (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) using the Taylor series, and difference in PASC duration was assessed using student's t-test. Two-tailed p-values ≤0.05 were considered significant. RESULTS: Of 269 enrollees, median age was 52 years (range 18-93) and there were more women (74%) than men (26%). There were 152 (57%) African American, 76 (28%) White, and 21 (8%) Hispanic. Among PASC patients, the most common symptoms were dyspnea (68%), fatigue (63%), brain fog (48%), dizziness (27%), chest pain (25%), cough (23%) and headache (23%) with a median PASC duration of 132 days (range 21-523). Acute COVID-19 severity was asymptomatic in one participant, mild in 149 (55%), severe in 95 (35%), and critical in 23 (9%). Asymptomatic- mild acute COVID-19 patients had more persistent dyspnea (RR: 1.33, 95%, CI: 1.09- 1.61), fatigue (RR: 1.53, 95%CI: 1.22-1.91), brain fog (RR: 2.00, 95%CI: 1.44-2.67), dizziness (RR: 2.03, 95%CI: 1.27-3.25), and headache (RR: 2.07, 95%CI: 1.22-3.48) compared with severe-critical acute disease, who had a non-significant trend towards more cough and chest pain. Asymptomatic-mild participants were further from incident infection (153 days) compared to severe-critical participants (110 days) (p=0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Contrary to previous observations, COVID-19 survivors who experienced asymptomatic-mild infections may develop higher rates of prevalent PASC symptoms compared to those with severe- critical antecedent infections. These findings are not attributable to PASC duration, as longer PASC duration has been previously associated with fewer symptoms. To ensure early identification and linkage to specialized care, clinicians should be aware of PASC in patients with antecedent asymptomatic-mild acute COVID-19 infections.