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1.
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation ; 37(SUPPL 3):i239-i240, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1915706

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Acute kidney injury (AKI) has been described as a frequent complication in patients with COVID-19. The incidence of AKI is estimated to be around 5%-80% depending on the series;however, data characterizing the type of AKI and the evolution of renal function parameters in the medium-long term are still limited. METHOD: Based on the initial AKI-COVID Registry, we developed an extended registry where we registered retrospectively new variables that included clinical and demographic characteristics, infection severity parameters and data related to AKI (ethology, KDIGO classification, need of renal replacement therapy, analytic values: baseline creatinine, maximum creatinine during admission, creatinine at discharge or death, creatinine at 1 month after hospitalization and urinary parameters). Recovery of kidney function was defined as difference in at discharge or posthospitalization creatinine < 0.3 mg/dL with respect basal creatinine. RESULTS: Our analysis included 196 patients: 74% male, mean age 66 + 13 years;65% hypertensive, 33% diabetic and 22% chronic kidney disease. According to the KDIGO classification: 66% AKI KDIGO3, 17% KDIGO2 and 15% KDIGO1. Creatinine values are summarized in Table 1. We found significant differences in the baseline/high creatinine differential;these differences were lost after hospitalization. The main types of AKI were prerenal (35%) and acute tubular necrosis secondary to sepsis (ATN) (53%). 89% of patients with ATN presented AKI KDIGO 3, compared with 57% in the prerenal group (P < .001). Patients with prerenal AKI had greater comorbidity. On the other hand, patients with ATN AKI developed more serious COVID-19 infection: higher percentage of severe pneumonia, admission to the intensive care unit and need for orotracheal intubation. The analytical parameters were more extreme in patients with ATN AKI, except for creatinine and urea upon admission, which were higher in the prerenal AKI group. A total of 89 patients died during the study;65% of ATN AKI patients versus 31% of prerenal-AKI patients (P < .001). The ATN was a mortality risk factor, whit a hazard ratio 2.74 [95% confidence interval (95% CI )1.29-5.7] (P = .008) compared with the prerenal AKI. CONCLUSION: AKI in hospitalized patients with COVID19 presented with two different clinical patterns. Prerenal AKI more frequently affected older, more comorbid patients, and with a mild COVID19 infection. The NTA AKI affected younger patients, with criteria of severity of infection and multiplying mortality almost three times. In analytical control 1-month post-hospitalization, most of the patients recovered their kidney function. Although the implications of AKI associated with COVID-19 in the development of chronic kidney disease are still unclear, our data suggest that most patients will recover kidney function in a medium term. (Table Presented).

2.
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation ; 36:166-166, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1539417
3.
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation ; 36(SUPPL 1):i166, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1402452

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 infection manifests as pneumonia associated with multiple organ failure, and death. Acute kidney injury is a risk factor for mortality. There is limited scientific literature on COVID-19 infection and allergic tubulointerstitial nephritis, its clinical course and short- and long-term prognosis. METHOD: We performed a retrospective study where medical records of 60 patients with histological diagnosis of allergic tubulointerstitial nephritis from January 2009 to November 2020. In these patients, we studied the incidence of COVID-19 infection, clinical characteristics and prognosis from March to the actual date. RESULTS: Of 60 patients with allergic tubulointerstitial nephritis, 6 (10%) patients were diagnosed with COVID-19. The first case, an 85-year-old woman with a history of metastatic melanoma treated with nivolumab and allergic tubulointerstitial nephritis by immunobiological agents in 2018, diagnosed with mild COVID-19 infection in April 2020 without deterioration of renal function in controls at 3 and 6 months of follow-up. The second case, a 51-year-old woman with a history of large B-cell lymphoma with plasmacytic differentiation and progression to multiple myeloma of lambda light chains and allergic tubulointerstitial nephritis due to chemotherapy since 2019, admitted for acute pyelonephritis and PRES syndrome secondary to first dose of bortezomib complicated with COVID-19 nosocomial pneumonia and acute pancreatitis treated with corticosteroids and broad spectrum antibiotic therapy;she died of abdominal refractory septic shock. The third patient, a 64-year-old man without prior renal impairment, was admitted for severe COVID-19 pneumonia and acute kidney injury secondary to acute tubulointerstitial nephritis of uncertain etiology that required orotracheal intubation and continuous veno-venous hemodiafiltration for a week who received methylprednisolone in bolus for 3 days and continued treatment with corticosteroid therapy with complete recovery of renal function and improvement in proteinuria at 3 months of follow-up. The fourth patient, an 82-yearold woman with acute kidney injury AKIN 3 secondary to acute allergic tubulointerstitial nephritis related to ciprofloxacin complicated with severe COVID-19 nosocomial pneumonia, who died despite ventilatory support and high-dose steroids therapy and tocilizumab. The fifth patient, a 75-year-old with a history of metastatic lung adenocarcinoma treated with immunobiological agents and allergic tubulointerstitial nephritis in 2018, admitted in march 2020 for mild COVID-19 pneumonia treated with steroids and hydroxychloroquine without deterioration of respiratory and kidney function. The sixth patient, an 86-years-old man with acute kidney injury AKIN 3 due to acute allergic tubulointerstitial nephritis secondary to proton-binding inhibitors and nosocomial COVID-19 infección with improvement of kidney function with steroids therapy only. CONCLUSION: Our 6 patients with allergic tubulointerstitial nephritis and COVID-19 infection presented different spectrum of the disease. It seems that nosocomial COVID-19 infection in patients admitted with recent diagnosis of acute allergic tubulointerstitial nephritis presented a worse clinical prognosis compared with long-term diagnosed acute tubulointerstitial nephritis. Further studies with a larger sample size are needed.

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