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Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg ; 32(3): 367-370, 2021 04 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-939568

ABSTRACT

We report the first surgical series of patients developing pleural empyema after severe bilateral interstitial lung disease in confirmed severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection. The empyema results in a complex medical challenge that requires combination of medical therapies, mechanical ventilation and surgery. The chest drainage approach was not successful to relieve the symptomatology and to drain the excess fluid. After multidisciplinary discussion, a surgical approach was recommended. Even though decortication and pleurectomy are high-risk procedures, they must be considered as an option for pleural effusion in Coronavirus disease-positive patients. This is a life-treating condition, which can worsen the coronavirus disease manifestation and should be treated immediately to improve patient's status and chance of recovery.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/therapy , Drainage/methods , Empyema, Pleural/surgery , Respiration, Artificial/adverse effects , Aged , COVID-19/epidemiology , Chest Tubes , Empyema, Pleural/epidemiology , Empyema, Pleural/etiology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Switzerland/epidemiology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
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