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Mult Scler ; 29(4-5): 585-594, 2023 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2299594


BACKGROUND: Data are sparse regarding the safety of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) vaccines in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVE: To estimate (1) the pooled proportion of MS patients experiencing relapse among vaccine recipients; (2) the rate of transient neurological worsening, adverse events, and serious adverse events; (3) the previous outcomes of interest for different SARS-CoV-2 vaccine types. METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis of pharmacovigilance registries and observational studies. RESULTS: Nineteen observational studies comprising 14,755 MS patients who received 23,088 doses of COVID-19 vaccines were included. Mean age was 43.3 years (95% confidence interval (CI): 40-46.6); relapsing-remitting, secondary-progressive, primary-progressive MS and clinically isolated syndrome were diagnosed in 82.6% (95% CI: 73.9-89.8), 12.6% (95% CI: 6.3-20.8), 6.7% (95% CI: 4.2-9.9), and 2.9% (95% CI: 1-5.9) of cases, respectively. The pooled proportion of MS patients experiencing relapse at a mean time interval of 20 days (95% CI: 12-28.2) from vaccination was 1.9% (95% CI: 1.3%-2.6%; I2 = 78%), with the relapse risk being independent of the type of administered SARS-CoV-2-vaccine (p for subgroup differences = 0.7 for messenger RNA (mRNA), inactivated virus, and adenovector-based vaccines). After vaccination, transient neurological worsening was observed in 4.8% (95% CI: 2.3%-8.1%) of patients. Adverse events and serious adverse events were reported in 52.8% (95% CI: 46.7%-58.8%) and 0.1% (95% CI: 0%-0.2%) of vaccinations, respectively. CONCLUSION: COVID-19 vaccination does not appear to increase the risk of relapse and serious adverse events in MS. Weighted against the risks of SARS-CoV-2-related complications and MS exacerbations, these safety data provide compelling pro-vaccination arguments for MS patients.

COVID-19 , Multiple Sclerosis , Adult , Humans , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Multiple Sclerosis/complications , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccination
Neurology ; 2022 Aug 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2065058


BACKGROUND: Acute arterial-ischemic-stroke (AIS) has been reported as a rare adverse-event following COVID-19-vaccination with mRNA or viral-vector vaccines. However, data are sparse regarding the risk of post-vaccination AIS and its potential association with thrombotic-thrombocytopenia-syndrome (TTS). METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized-controlled clinical trials (RCTs), pharmacovigilance registries, registry-based studies, observational cohorts and case-series was performed with the aim to calculate: (1) the pooled proportion of patients presenting with AIS following COVID-19-vaccination; (2) the prevalence of AIS after mRNA and vector-based vaccination; (3) the proportion of TTS among post-vaccination AIS-cases. Patient characteristics were assessed as secondary outcomes. RESULTS: Two RCTs, three cohort and eleven registry-based studies comprising 17,481 AIS-cases among 782,989,363 COVID-19-vaccinations were included in the meta-analysis. The pooled proportion of AIS following exposure to any COVID-19-vaccine type was 4.7 cases per 100,000 vaccinations (95%CI:2.2-8.1; I2=99.9%). The pooled proportion of AIS following mRNA-vaccination (9.2 cases per 100,000 vaccinations; 95%CI: 2.5-19.3; I2=99.9%) did not differ compared to adenovirus-based-vaccination (2.9 cases per 100,000 vaccinations; 95%CI: 0.3-7.8; I2=99.9%). No differences regarding demographics were disclosed between patients with AIS following mRNA- or vector-based vaccination. The pooled proportion of TTS among post-vaccination AIS-cases was 3.1% (95%CI: 0.7-7.2%; I2=78.8%). CONCLUSIONS: The pooled proportion of AIS following COVID-19 vaccination is comparable to the prevalence of AIS in the general population and much lower than the AIS prevalence among SARS-CoV-2-infected patients. TTS is very uncommonly reported in patients with AIS following COVID-19 vaccination.

World J Virol ; 11(4): 198-203, 2022 Jul 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2056076


BACKGROUND: Persistent hiccups, lasting more than 48 h, have been described as an atypical presentation of coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) in the general population. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of persistent hiccups and non-ST elevation myocardial injury (NSTEMI) as an atypical presentation of COVID-19 in a peritoneal dialysis (PD) patient. CASE SUMMARY: A 70-year old man, who had been on PD for 3 years with a history of ischemic heart failure and reduced ejection fraction, presented for a scheduled radionuclide myocardial scan. Upon arrival, he complained of anorexia, nausea for 5 d, and unremitting hiccups for the previous 48 h. Clinical and laboratory examinations revealed an NSTEMI plus a positive nasopharyngeal reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction testing for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. COVID-19 lung involvement was mild and was resolved without specific treatment. Myocardial injury was managed by coronary catheterization and stenting, while hiccups responded only to baclofen per os. CONCLUSION: Persistent hiccups and NSTEMI can be atypical presentations of COVID-19 in peritoneal dialysis patients, which may be due to involvement of the central nervous system and myocardial injuries.