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1.
Phytomedicine ; 95: 153868, 2022 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1720737

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Huashibaidu Formula (HSBD) for the COVID-19 treatment has been supported by the China's Diagnosis and Treatment Protocol for Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia. However, it is not clear whether HSBD can improve blood oxygen saturation and when it should be used with conventional therapies. PURPOSE: To access the effect of HSBD combined with conventional treatment on blood oxygen saturation of COVID-19 patients. METHODS: A single-center retrospective cohort study was conducted to collect the confirmed severe COVID-19 patients' information, treated by the National Traditional Chinese Medicine Medical Team at the Jinyintan hospital between January 24 and March 31, 2020. According to whether HSBD was used during hospitalization, participants were separated into the conventional treatment group and the HSBD group (HSBD and conventional treatment). The primary observation indicators included the time for relieving blood oxygen saturation and the improvement ratio of blood oxygen saturation in each group. RESULTS: Of 111 patients with severe COVID-19, 53.2% (59/111) received HSBD, and 46.8% (52/111) only received conventional treatment, respectively. No statistically significant difference was found in image, clinical symptoms, and past medical history between the two groups (p > 0.05). Notably, the median time for relieving blood oxygen saturation in the conventional treatment group was 11 days (IQR, 8-14.25), while that in the HSBD group was only 6 days (IQR, 3.25-10.75), which was significantly shortened by 4.09 days (95%CI, 2.07-6.13; p= 0.0001), compared with the conventional treatment group. After repeated measurement design analysis, the main effect within times (p< 0.001) and the main effect were significantly different under the oxygen saturation dimension between two groups (p= 0.004). However, time and group interaction were observed no significant difference (p= 0.094). After 14 days of treatment, the improvement ratio of the HSBD group over the conventional treatment group was 1.20 (95%CI, 0.89-1.61). CONCLUSION: For severe COVID-19 patients, the HSBD has a tendency to shorten the time for relieving blood oxygen saturation. After taking a course of HSBD, the effect can be more obvious.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , COVID-19/drug therapy , Humans , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Treatment Outcome
2.
EuropePMC; 2021.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-325222

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Previous study suggested that Chinese Herbal Medicine (CHM) Formula Huashibaidu granule might shorten disease course of Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. Our research aims to investigate the early treatment effect of Huashibaidu granule in mild COVID-19 patients under well clinical management.METHODS: An unblended cluster-randomized clinical trial was conducted at the Dongxihu FangCang hospital. 2 cabins were randomly allocated to CHM or control group, with 204 randomly sampled mild COVID-19 patients in each cabin. All participants received a 7-day conventional treatment, and CHM group cabin used additional Huashibaidu granule 10g twice daily. Participants were followed up until they met clinical endpoint. The primary outcome was patient become worsening before clinical endpoint occurred. The secondary outcomes was discharge with cure before clinical endpoint occurred and relief of composite symptoms after 7 days treatment.FINDINGS: All 408 participants were followed up to meet clinical endpoint and included in statistical analysis. The baseline characteristics were comparable between 2 groups. The number of worsening patients in the CHM group was 5 (2.5%), and that in the control group was 16 (7.8%). There was a significant difference between groups (P=0.014). 8 foreseeable mild adverse events occurred without statistical difference between groups.INTERPRETATION: 7-day early treatment with Huashibaidu granule reduced worsening conversion of mild COVID-19 patients. Our study supports Huashibaidu Granule as an active option for early treatment of mild COVID-19 in similar medical locations with well management.TRIAL REGISTRATION: The Chinese Clinical Trial Registry: ChiCTR2000029763.FUNDING: This study was supported by “National Key R&D Program of China” (No.2020YFC0841500).DECLARATION OF INTERESTS: The authors guaranteed that there existed no competing interest in this paper.ETHICS APPROVAL STATEMENT: Ethics Review Committee of Institute of Basic Research in Clinical Medicine, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences Approval of Ethical Review Acceptance Number: S2020-001;Approval Number: P20001/PJ01.

3.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 696976, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1450816

ABSTRACT

Background: Previous research suggested that Chinese Medicine (CM) Formula Huashibaidu granule might shorten the disease course in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. This research aimed to investigate the early treatment effect of Huashibaidu granule in well-managed patients with mild COVID-19. Methods: An unblinded cluster-randomized clinical trial was conducted at the Dongxihu FangCang hospital. Two cabins were randomly allocated to a CM or control group, with 204 mild COVID-19 participants in each cabin. All participants received conventional treatment over a 7 day period, while the ones in CM group were additionally given Huashibaidu granule 10 g twice daily. Participants were followed up to their clinical endpoint. The primary outcome was worsening symptoms before the clinical endpoint. The secondary outcomes were cure and discharge before the clinical endpoint and alleviation of composite symptoms after the 7 days of treatment. Results: All 408 participants were followed up to their clinical endpoint and included in statistical analysis. Baseline characteristics were comparable between the two groups (P > 0.05). The number of worsening patients in the CM group was 5 (2.5%), and that in the control group was 16 (7.8%) with a significant difference between groups (P = 0.014). Eight foreseeable mild adverse events occurred without statistical difference between groups (P = 0.151). Conclusion: Seven days of early treatment with Huashibaidu granule reduced the likelihood of worsening symptoms in patients with mild COVID-19. Our study supports Huashibaidu granule as an active option for early treatment of mild COVID-19 in similar well-managed medical environments. Clinical Trial Registration:www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=49408, identifier: ChiCTR2000029763.

4.
Pharmacol Res ; 161: 105290, 2020 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1318948

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic has been almost controlled in China under a series of policies, including "early diagnosis and early treatment". This study aimed to explore the association between early treatment with Qingfei Paidu decoction (QFPDD) and favorable clinical outcomes. In this retrospective multicenter study, we included 782 patients (males, 56 %; median age 46) with confirmed COVID-19 from 54 hospitals in nine provinces of China, who were divided into four groups according to the treatment initiation time from the first date of onset of symptoms to the date of starting treatment with QFPDD. The primary outcome was time to recovery; days of viral shedding, duration of hospital stay, and course of the disease were also analyzed. Compared with treatment initiated after 3 weeks, early treatment with QFPDD after less than 1 week, 1-2 weeks, or 2-3 weeks had a higher likelihood of recovery, with adjusted hazard ratio (HR) (95 % confidence interval [CI]) of 3.81 (2.65-5.48), 2.63 (1.86-3.73), and 1.92 (1.34-2.75), respectively. The median course of the disease decreased from 34 days to 24 days, 21 days, and 18 days when treatment was administered early by a week (P < 0.0001). Treatment within a week was related to a decrease by 1-4 days in the median duration of hospital stay compared with late treatment (P<0.0001). In conclusion, early treatment with QFPDD may serve as an effective strategy in controlling the epidemic, as early treatment with QFPDD was associated with favorable outcomes, including faster recovery, shorter time to viral shedding, and a shorter duration of hospital stay. However, further multicenter, prospective studies with a larger sample size should be conducted to confirm the benefits of early treatment with QFPDD.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , China , Cohort Studies , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Length of Stay , Male , Middle Aged , Time-to-Treatment , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
6.
Am J Chin Med ; 48(7): 1511-1521, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-910319

ABSTRACT

The worldwide spread of the 2019 novel coronavirus has become a profound threat to human health. As the use of medication without established effectiveness may result in adverse health consequences, the development of evidence-based guidelines is of critical importance for the clinical management of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). This research presents methods used to develop rapid advice guidelines on treating COVID-19 with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). We have followed the basic approach for developing WHO rapid guidelines, including preparing, developing, disseminating and updating each process. Compared with general guidelines, this rapid advice guideline is unique in formulating the body of evidence, as the available evidence for the treatment of COVID-19 with TCM is from either indirect or observational studies, clinical first-hand data together with expert experience in patients with COVID-19. Therefore, our search of evidence not only focuses on clinical studies of treating COVID-19 with TCM but also of similar diseases, such as pneumonia and influenza. Grading of recommendations assessment, development and evaluation (GRADE) methodology was adopted to rate the quality of evidence and distinguish the strength of recommendations. The overall certainty of the evidence is graded as either high, moderate, low or very low, and to give either "strong" or "weak" recommendations of each TCM therapy. The output of this paper will produce the guideline on TCM for COVID-19 and will also provide some ideas for evidence collection and synthesis in the future development of rapid guidelines for COVID-19 in TCM as well as other areas.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods , Practice Guidelines as Topic , SARS-CoV-2/drug effects , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/virology , Humans , Pandemics/prevention & control , SARS-CoV-2/physiology
7.
Phytomedicine ; 81: 153367, 2021 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-837550

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Treatments for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are limited by suboptimal efficacy. METHODS: From January 30, 2020 to March 23, 2020, we conducted a non-randomised controlled trial, in which all adult patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 were assigned to three groups non-randomly and given supportive treatments: Group A, Lopinavir-Ritonavir; Group B, Huashi Baidu Formula (a Chinese medicineformula made by the China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences to treat COVID-19, which is now in the clinical trial period) and Lopinavir-Ritonavir; and Group C, Huashi Baidu Formula. The use of antibiotics, antiviruses, and corticosteroids was permitted in Group A and B. Traditional Chinese medicine injections were permitted in Group C. The primary outcomes were clinical remission time (interval from admission to the first time the patient tested negatively for novel coronavirus or an obvious improvement was observed from chest CT) and clinical remission rate (number of patients whose clinical time was within 16 days/total number of patients). RESULTS: A total of 60 adult patients with COVID-19 were enrolled at sites in Wuhan, China, and the sample size of each group was 20. In Groups A, B and C, the clinical remission rates were 95.0%%(19/20), 100.0%%(20/20) and 100.0%%(20/20), respectively. Compared with Groups A and B, the clinical remission time of Group C was significantly shorter (5.9 days vs. 10.8 days, p < 0.05; 5.9 days vs. 9.7 days, p < 0.05). There was no significant difference among Groups A, B, and C in terms of the time taken to be released from quarantine. The clinical biochemical indicators and safety indexes showed no significant differences among the three groups. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that Lopinavir-Ritonavir has some efficacy in the treatment of COVID-19, and the Huashi Baidu Formula might enhance this effect to an extent. In addition, superiority was displayed in the treatment of COVID-19 through a combination of the Huashi Baidu Formula and traditional Chinese medicine injection. In future, well-designed prospective double-blinded randomised control trials are required to confirm our findings.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , COVID-19/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Lopinavir/therapeutic use , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antiviral Agents/adverse effects , COVID-19/diagnostic imaging , Drug Combinations , Drug Therapy, Combination , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Female , Humans , Lopinavir/adverse effects , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Patient Safety , Prospective Studies , Ritonavir/adverse effects , Thorax/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome
8.
SSRN; 2020.
Preprint | SSRN | ID: ppcovidwho-1851

ABSTRACT

Background: Few studies have examined the association between treatment given time and clinical outcomes, which is indeed of great importance to clinical manage

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