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1.
Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services ; 71, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2245774

ABSTRACT

As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, safety is one of the top priorities for travellers when choosing a hotel. This work examines the effect of customers' pre-stay expectations of a hotel about its safety-focused services, shaped through its official star-rating, on the during-stay confirmation of those expectations, satisfaction, and revisit intentions. A cross-sectional research design is used spanning temporally from the pre-stay to the during-stay phases. The pre-stay phase was the peak COVID-19 period in India (June–July 2021) to stimulate the safety concerns in the travellers planning their travel, while the during-stay phase was when the planned travel was undertaken with the traveller staying at the planned hotel (October 2021–January 2022). Data were collected from 452 customers and the results supported the proposed model. Further, the star-rating, as a signal for safety-focused services, was found to have a serial effect on revisit intentions, through the pre-stay expectations of safety services, and the during-stay confirmation of expectations and satisfaction. © 2022 Elsevier Ltd

2.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences India Section A - Physical Sciences ; 93(1):107-111, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2241978

ABSTRACT

Magh mela, a smaller form of Kumbh mela, organize every year in Prayagraj. With the emergence of novel corona virus, there is worldwide discussion to find out the effective way to organize or cancel the mass gathering events. The present study assesses the challenges in organization of mass gathering events like Magh mela held at Prayagraj, India in 2021. The correlation between increased cases of COVID-19 and Magh mela-2021 has been highlighted through statistical analysis and growth curves using the available data. The study finds that there is a correlation between the Magh mela-2021 mass gathering event and increased rate of COVID-19 infections. After the Magh mela 2021, the average daily increase in the COVID-19 cases started to increase. It was found 4.25%, 6.28% and 2.73% in India, Uttar Pradesh and Prayagraj, respectively. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to The National Academy of Sciences, India.

4.
Journal of Scientific & Industrial Research ; 81(11):1162-1172, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2231624

ABSTRACT

Kumbh Mela, the largest spiritual mass gathering, witnessed around 240 million pilgrims in 2019 at Prayagraj. The huge gathering poses challenges of different kinds including easy transmission of infectious diseases. This research aims to identify the types and causes of infectious diseases and discuss the government's efforts for health and sanitation management. Secondary data from various reports have been used to support the study for which related websites, Prayagraj Mela Authority reports, peer-reviewed articles, and related literatures were studied. Qualitative and quantitative analyses have been done to find trends and have comparative studies among various Kumbh and Ardh Kumbh Melas. The study finds that there is spread of infectious diseases like Acute respiratory infections, fever, skin disease, dysentery etc. during the Kumbh Mela due to the huge population, restricted space, pressure on sanitation infrastructure, unhygienic living conditions, solid and liquid wastes generated during Mela, and pilgrims' social and religious psychologies. The number of pilgrims of the occasion has increased heavily with time. Based on the anticipated number various efforts and initiatives of the government and management such as advance disease surveillance system, HEAT map, ensuring safe drinking water, better sanitation and healthcare facilities has increased over the years to reduce its impact. Mass gathering events always draw attention to health hazards and in fact the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic forced to think about the organization of mass gathering events in future. The mega tent city that accommodates nearly millions of pilgrims in the river bed is significant not only for India but also for mass gathering research at the international level to draw policy and provide the opportunity to generate the evidence and document base for risk prevention, mitigation, and management planning of infectious diseases and disasters.

5.
Vision ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2138677

ABSTRACT

Emotions are an inextricable part of human existence that must be managed. As a result, researchers from a variety of disciplines (health, psychology, management, and social science) have investigated a wide-ranging application of emotional intelligence (EI). In this study, using HistCite, BibExcel, and CiteSpace software, a total of 1,026 articles published on EI in the field of business and management from 2002 to 2022 were evaluated for performance analysis and co-citation analysis. Performance analysis results showed that the United States alone published about 38% of all publications. Institutes in Australia topped the list of institutions with the most articles published on EI. Co-citation analysis results found that in the first decade (2002–2012), major concepts/constructs studied with EI were transformational leadership, organization behaviour, cultural intelligence, exploring leadership capability, personal wisdom, team performance, subordinate perception, employee creativity and leadership competencies whereas in the second decade (2012–2022), major themes studied were and being studied are social intelligence competencies, job satisfaction, holistic perspective, meta-analytic review and entrepreneurial intention. Additionally, three emerging research hotspots (mindfulness, COVID-19 and artificial intelligence) that have been studied with EI but not identified by bibliometric techniques have also been discussed. Finally, this study offers useful theoretical and practical implications, as well as key future recommendations. © 2022 Management Development Institute.

6.
Journal of Thoracic Oncology ; 17(9):S307-S308, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2092492
7.
Polimery/Polymers ; 67(7-8):355-374, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2090963

ABSTRACT

Because of the present pandemic researchers are seeking for phytocandidates that can inhibit or stop SARS-CoV-2. The main protease (Mpro) of SARS-CoV-2 and spike glycoprotein (S) are both suppressed by bioactive compounds found in plants that work by docking them together. The Mpro proteins 6LU7 (complex with an inhibitor N3) and 5C3N (space group C2221) were employed in docking research. PyRx and AutoDock Vina software were used as docking engine. 22 identified phytoconstituents were selected from IMPPAT, a manually curated database, on the basis of their antiviral effects. Docking studies showed that phytoconstituents β-amyrin (-8.4 kcal/mol), withaferin A (-8.3 kcal/mol), oleanolic acid (-7.8 kcal/mol), and patentiflorin A (-8.1 kcal/mol) had the best results against 5C3N Mpro protein whereas kuwanon L (-7.1 kcal/mol), β-amyrin (-6.9 kcal/mol), oleanolic acid (-6.8 kcal/mol), cucurbitacin D (-6.5 kcal/mol), and quercetin (-6.5 kcal/mol) against 6LU7 Mpro protein. All the compounds were examined for their ADMET characteristics using SwissDock. Present research reports that the phytoconstituents along with docking score will be helpful for future drug development against Covid-19. © 2022 Industrial Chemistry Research Institute. All rights reserved.

8.
Cyber-Physical Systems: AI and COVID-19 ; : 117-138, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2048758

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus pandemic has driven the entire world to crush. It has influenced every single segment of society straightforwardly and in a roundabout way. There is an unexpected break in everything. A monetary downturn, psychological maladjustment, and joblessness are spreading its underlying foundations alongside the spread of COVID-19. To forestall the spread of COVID-19, the Indian government has made different strides. One such measure was the whole country lockdown, which was put in place on March 22, 2020. Despite the fact that the countrywide lockdown was implemented to curtail the spread of infection, numerous issues have risen alongside the lockdown. In this chapter, we compare the impact of COVID-19 on the five worst-hit countries in the world. Further, temporal sentiment analysis of Twitter data to understand the effect of lockdown on public perception in these five countries is presented. Results reveal that sentiments in the United States vary from neutral to negative, whereas, in India and Italy, people have mixed attitudes toward the 2019-nCOV-2 virus crises. Further, the impact of government control policies through various stages of lockdown in India is analyzed, which provides interesting aspects of public emotions. Some of the most trending hashtags such as #WorkFromHome and #MigrantLabour are also analyzed using sentiment analysis techniques. It was observed that most people had positive sentiments about working from home during the lockdown. At the same time, migrant workers’ stories dominated on Twitter. © 2022 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

9.
J Thorac Oncol ; 17(9):S307-8, 2022.
Article in English | PMC | ID: covidwho-2007911
10.
Hepatology International ; 16:S499, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1995899

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To determine the liver function abnormalities in COVID 19 patients and study possible correlation of liver function tests with severity of disease. Materials and Methods: In a prospective study, we recruited 185 hospitalized patients with COVID 19. The diagnosis of COVID 19 was made on the basis of a positive RT-PCR report. Their clinical characteristics and the laboratory parameters were recorded in a proforma. Results: The mean age of patients was 52.7 + 16.2 years (66 females), 66 (34.2%) of whom were of age more than 60 years. Based on the clinical criteria 70.4%, 20.9% and 8% patients had mild, moderate and severe COVID-19 infection, respectively. The mean haemoglobin was 12.4 + 2.1 g/dL. 57.8% patients had elevated levels of either alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST). 35.1% had an elevation of ALT and 32.4% had an elevation in both ALT and AST. Serum bilirubin was elevated in 10.6% and 48.9% had low serum albumin. While a correlation was observed between low albumin and severity of COVID-19, there was no correlation between severity of COVID-19 and hypertransaminasemia. Conclusion: One third of patients with COVID-19 had raised transaminases and half of them had low albumin. There was a correlation between low albumin and severity of COVID 19 infection.

11.
Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research ; 15(7):110-113, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1957633

ABSTRACT

Objective: To comprehend the evolution and spread of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS CoV-2) virus and also to prevent the future spread of the same, sequencing and analyzing the genomic data of SARS CoV-2 are essential. The objective of the present study is to describe the scope of improvement identified by the state of Madhya Pradesh in the data flow chain and the methodology designed to address the identified shortcomings. Methods: The number of sources of sample data collection was altered as well as a series of Google Sheets were formulated as an open-source tool, to implement an efficient sample data-sharing platform. The application of the proposed tool (Google Sheets as a source of data collection and information sharing) was within the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. Result: After utilizing this mechanism, the state was able to trace more than 80% VOCs and 3341 primary contacts and was also able to communicate this result to all stakeholders without much delay. Conclusion: Based on successful implementation and results, the authors suggest widening the domain of the proposed tool to other states.

12.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences India Section A - Physical Sciences ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1920275

ABSTRACT

Magh mela, a smaller form of Kumbh mela, organize every year in Prayagraj. With the emergence of novel corona virus, there is worldwide discussion to find out the effective way to organize or cancel the mass gathering events. The present study assesses the challenges in organization of mass gathering events like Magh mela held at Prayagraj, India in 2021. The correlation between increased cases of COVID-19 and Magh mela-2021 has been highlighted through statistical analysis and growth curves using the available data. The study finds that there is a correlation between the Magh mela-2021 mass gathering event and increased rate of COVID-19 infections. After the Magh mela 2021, the average daily increase in the COVID-19 cases started to increase. It was found 4.25%, 6.28% and 2.73% in India, Uttar Pradesh and Prayagraj, respectively. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to The National Academy of Sciences, India.

13.
Lung India ; 39(SUPPL 1):S128, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1857450

ABSTRACT

Background: Other than respiratory tract, many other organs, including liver, are affected in COVID-19. COVID-19 can lead to deterioration of preexisting liver disease or can lead to hepatocellular damage. In a prospective, we reviewed the liver function abnormalities in patients with COVID-19. Methods: In a prospective study, we recruited 185 hospitalized patients with COVID 19. The diagnosis of COVID 19 was made on the basis of a positive RT-PCR report. Their clinical characteristics and the laboratory parameters were recorded in a proforma. Results: The mean age of patients was 52.7+16.2 years (66 females), 66 (34.2%) of whom were of age more than 60 years. Based on the clinical criteria 70.4%, 20.9% and 8% patients had mild, moderate and severe COVID-19 infection, respectively. The mean haemoglobin was 12.4+2.1 g/dL. 57.8% patients had elevated levels of either alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST). 35.1 % had an elevation of ALT and 32.4 % had an elevation in both ALT and AST. Serum bilirubin was elevated in 10.6% and 48.9% had low serum albumin. While a correlation was observed between low albumin and severity of COVID-19, there was no correlation between severity of COVID-19 and hypertransaminasemia. Conclusion: One third of patients with COVID-19 had raised transaminases and half of them had low albumin. There was a correlation between low albumin and severity of COVID 19 infection.

14.
2022 IEEE Delhi Section Conference, DELCON 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1846076

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease(COVID-19) is caused by SARS-COV-2 virus and has been declared as a pandemic. After almost two years of this pandemic, over five million people have lost their lives worldwide due to complications like pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome. Many countries have already witnessed the second wave of pandemic and a huge loss of lives. One way to curb the disease spread is by timely and accurate diagnosis. X-rays and CT-scans can help a radiologist to detect the disease, but detecting COVID-19 on chest radiographs can become challenging as it has similarities with other bacterial and viral pneumonias. Hence, there is a need to develop an algorithm for accurate and fast detection of COVID-19 in a patient. This work showcases the use of object detection deep learning models-You Only Look Once (YOLO) and RetinaNet for accurate localization of regions associated with COVID-19. Proposed method using ensemble of both the models achieves a mean average precision (mAP) score of 0.552, offering an improvement over their individual predictions. © 2022 IEEE.

15.
6th International Conference on ICT for Sustainable Development, ICT4SD 2021 ; 314:335-343, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1653373

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus (COVID-19), one of the deadliest pandemic diseases of the century, escalated at such a fast rate that around 25 million people around the world got infected. The impact of the virus made it a compulsion for the people to wear masks and apply sanitizer at regular intervals. Thus, for the safe and hygiene buying process of masks, sanitizer and other pharmaceutical products, an idea of a cashless and contactless dispenser was brought up named Hygieia. Hygieia is the name of the Greek goddess of health and sanitization. The purpose of this project is to make the buying process fast as well as ensure the safety of the customers by using digital payment methods. The customer can place the order with the help of speech instead of touching the keypads which is observed in most of the vending machines. Cashless payment option is also provided which is making this product a smart and viable automated dispenser. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

16.
Journal of Research in Medical and Dental Science ; 9(12):324-327, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1619228

ABSTRACT

Aerosols are liquid or solid particles suspended in the air by humans, animals, instruments or machines, In a dental clinic environment, the dentist, their staff and the patients are daily exposed to a great variety of infectious agents and toxic substances transported by aerosols and droplets, promoting an increased risk of cross-infection. Especially during this pandemic of SARS-CoV-2,the dental profession was considered riskier because of the aerosolsgenerated during various dental procedures. Therefore, through this paper, we would like to focus on the adverse effects of aerosol, how it poses as a hazard in dentistry, it being a potential means of transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in a dental set-up and finally, the measures that can be taken to reduce aerosol production as much as possible in a dental clinic to make it safer for the dentist as well as the patient.

17.
Jcpsp-Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan ; 31(7):S161-S162, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1543132
18.
Research and Practice in Thrombosis and Haemostasis ; 5(SUPPL 2), 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1508948

ABSTRACT

Background : COVID-19 infection which is usually a mild viral illness, may become life threatening. Progression and mortality is associated with wide range of laboratory abnormalities. Coagulopathy is frequently reported. After a year of pandemic, Indian data remains to be scarce. Aims : To explore haematological, coagulation and biochemical parameters of COVID-19 infection in Indian patients. Methods : Prospective exploratory study included 52 patients of RTPCR confirmed COVID-19 admitted to this tertiary care dedicated Covid-19 facility. Cases were categorised as mild (23) or severe (29) as per WHO interim guidance document. Following parameters were assessed at admission and after a mean of 7 days of hospital stay: Complete blood count, Prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), D-dimer, Factors V,VII,VIII, Fibrinogen, AntithrombinIII, hs-CRP, Procalcitonin(PCT),IL-6, S.ferritin, LDH, Triglyceride. There were 40 survivors and 12 non-survivors. Parameters were statistically analysed among mild and severe disease and in survivors and non-survivors for both day 1 and day7. Results : Day1 parameters significantly higher in severe group were TLC, Neutrophil%, ANC, NLR, PT, D-dimer, HsCRP and lower were PLR, Lymphocyte%, Monocyte%, ALC. APTT on day7 was prolonged ∼9 s in severe but with no change in fibrinogen as expected (Table 1). None of the Coagulation factor assays (FV, VII, VIII, Fibrinogen, ATIII) revealed significant difference in mild/severe or survivors/non survivors on Day 1 and 7, however mean values of FVIII, Fibrinogen and D-dimer were higher than normal. Non-survivors revealed significant fall in Hb, Lymphocyte%, Monocyte%, ALC,AMC, Platelet and increase in Neutrophil%, APTT, D-dimer, NLR on Day7 in nonsurvivors (Table 2). HsCRP, LDH, IL-6, Ferritin, PCT were altered with disease severity but were not significant in our patient cohort. Conclusions : Dynamics of Leucocyte parameters, platelets and prolongation in PT, APTT with high D-dimer are most informative markers for disease progression and mortality. High levels of Fibrinogen and Factor VIII need further evaluation. Biochemical parameters appear to have no prognostic relevance.

19.
International Journal of Intelligent Engineering Informatics ; 9(2):161-175, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1374167

ABSTRACT

During the COVID-19 pandemic, people across the world are worried and are highly concerned. The overall purpose of to study and research was to help society by providing a digital solution to this problem which was a chatbot through which people can at some extent self-evaluate that they are safe or not. In this paper, we propose a chatbot for answering queries related to COVID-19 by using artificial intelligence. Various natural language processing algorithms have been used to process datasets. By artificial neural network, the model is created, and it is trained from the processed data, so that appropriate response can be generated by our chatbot. Assessment of the chatbot is done by testing it with a hugely different set of questions, where it performed well. Also, accuracy of chatbot is likely to increase upon increasing dataset.

20.
In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology-Animal ; 57(SUPPL 1):S9-S9, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1250793
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