Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 3 de 3
Filter
1.
Am J Perinatol ; 2022 Jun 23.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1900721

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine whether severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection during pregnancy is associated with increased odds of perinatal complications and viral transmission to the infant. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of women who delivered at Kaiser Permanente Southern California hospitals (April 6, 2020-February 28, 2021) was performed using data extracted from electronic health records (EHRs). During this time polymerize chain reaction (PCR)-based tests for SARS-CoV-2 was universally offered to all pregnant women at labor and delivery admission, as well as earlier in the pregnancy, if they were displaying symptoms consistent with SARS-CoV-2 infection or a possible exposure to the virus. Adjusted odds ratio (aOR) was used to estimate the strength of associations between positive test results and adverse perinatal outcomes. RESULTS: Of 35,123 women with a singleton pregnancy, 2,203 (6%) tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 infection with 596 (27%) testing positive during the first or second trimester and 1,607 (73%) during the third trimester. Women testing positive were younger than those who tested negative (29.7 [5.4] vs. 31.1 [5.3] years; mean [standard deviation (SD)]; p < .001). The SARS-CoV-2 infection tended to increase the odds of an abnormal fetal heart rate pattern (aOR: 1.10; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.00, 1.21; p = 0.058), spontaneous preterm birth (aOR: 1.28; 95% CI: 1.03, 1.58; p = 0.024), congenital anomalies (aOR: 1.69; 95% CI: 1.15, 2.50; p = 0.008), and maternal intensive care unit admission at delivery (aOR: 7.44; 95% CI: 4.06, 13.62; p < 0.001) but not preeclampsia/eclampsia (aOR: 1.14; 95% CI: 0.98, 1.33; p = 0.080). Eighteen (0.8%) neonates of mothers who tested positive also had a positive SARS-CoV-2 test after 24 hours of birth, but all were asymptomatic during the neonatal period. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that prenatal SARS-CoV-2 infection increases the odds of some adverse perinatal outcomes. The likelihood of vertical transmission from the mother to the fetus was low (0.3%), suggesting that pregnancy complications resulting from SARS-CoV-2 infection pose more risk to the baby than transplacental viral transmission. KEY POINTS: · SARS-CoV-2 infection is associated with increased odds of adverse perinatal outcomes.. · The odds of specific adverse outcomes were greater when a mother was infected earlier in pregnancy.. · The proportion of vertical transmission from mother to fetus was 0.3%.

2.
Health Commun ; 36(10): 1155-1162, 2021 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1366903

ABSTRACT

The U.S. Healthy People 2030 health objective-setting process has taken place in an inequitable social structure with significant implications for health literacy, health equity, and population health. The draft 2030 objectives have greatly reduced the number of digital health and health literacy objectives, meaning our national agenda is poised to capture only a fraction of what will evolve in digital and health literacy between 2020 and 2030. This paper synthesizes two decades of Healthy People data on health literacy and digital health objectives, highlights the digital health and health literacy trends and disparities that persist and proposes remedies to ensure that health literacy and digital health issues receive the attention they deserve in the next decade. These remedies can inform policies, research, and interventions that touch health communication and digital health issues.


Subject(s)
Health Equity , Health Literacy , Population Health , Health Status , Humans , Policy
3.
Am J Perinatol ; 37(11): 1110-1114, 2020 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-632528

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has created a need for data regarding the prevalence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection in pregnant women. After implementing universal screening for COVID-19 in women admitted for delivery, we sought to describe the characteristics of COVID-19 in this large cohort of women. STUDY DESIGN: An observational study of women admitted to labor and delivery units in Kaiser Permanente Southern California (KPSC) hospitals between April 6 and May 11, 2020 who were universally offered testing for SARS-CoV-2 infection (n = 3,963). Hospital inpatient and outpatient physician encounter, and laboratory records were used to ascertain universal testing levels, test results, and medical and obstetrical histories. The prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infection was estimated from the number of women who tested positive during labor per 100 women delivered. RESULTS: Of women delivered during the study period, 3,923 (99.0%) underwent SARS-CoV-2 testing. A total of 17 (0.43%; 95% confidence interval: 0.23-0.63%) women tested positive, and none of them were symptomatic on admission. There was no difference in terms of characteristics between SARS-CoV-2 positive and negative tested women. One woman developed a headache attributed to COVID-19 3 days postpartum. No neonates had a positive test at 24 hours of life. CONCLUSION: The findings suggest that in pregnant women admitted for delivery between April 6 and May 11, 2020 in this large integrated health care system in Southern California, prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 test positive was very low and all patients were asymptomatic on admission. KEY POINTS: · The prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infection in a large diverse cohort of term pregnant women was 0.43%.. · 99% of women accepted SARS-CoV-2 screening on admission to labor and delivery.. · All women with positive test results were asymptomatic at the time of testing..


Subject(s)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Coronavirus Infections , Delivery, Obstetric , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious , Adult , Asymptomatic Infections , Betacoronavirus/isolation & purification , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Testing , California/epidemiology , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/methods , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/statistics & numerical data , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Delivery, Obstetric/methods , Delivery, Obstetric/statistics & numerical data , Female , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/diagnosis , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/epidemiology , Pregnancy Outcome , Prevalence , SARS-CoV-2
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL