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Ind Health ; 2022 Oct 20.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2080052


A school teacher's job is considered one of the most stressful occupations globally. The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic has posed further challenges for school teachers. This study aimed to examine the effects of the pandemic on primary school teachers' stress responses in Japan. We analyzed the data from a nationwide survey of public-school teachers conducted between June 2019 and December 2021. The total numbers of participants were 65,968 in 2019, 72,248 in 2020, and 75,435 in 2021. Working hours and perceived main stressors as well as stress response scores were assessed. Contrary to expectations, the results showed that the stress response scores in primary school teachers did not increase in the first year of the pandemic. Rather, the stress response scores and the proportion of high-stress teachers significantly decreased from the pre-pandemic year (2019) to the first year of the pandemic (2020). However, the stress response scores showed a rising trend in the second year of the pandemic (2021). Participants' working hours decreased from 2019 to 2021. The findings in relation to main stressors matched these trends. Continuous monitoring of teachers' stress levels is recommended both during and after the pandemic.

Jpn J Nurs Sci ; 19(3): e12477, 2022 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1691499


AIM: Previous studies have reported high prevalence of depression and anxiety symptoms among frontline nurses caring for COVID-19 patients. Yet, only a limited number of prospective studies examining nurses' mental health problems have been performed. The present study aimed to examine depressive symptoms and COVID-19-related stresses among nurses working specifically in a hospital COVID unit over a 7-month period. METHODS: In this study, depressive symptoms and COVID-19-related stresses of a total of 28 nurses who worked in the COVID unit were assessed using the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptom (QIDS) and the Tokyo Metropolitan Distress Scale for Pandemic (TMDP) over the 7-month period from December 2020 to June 2021. RESULTS: The mean QIDS scores in all participants fluctuated during the study period, showing a high correlation with the reported number of new COVID-19 cases in the region. The mean TMDP scores showed a gradual decline over the period. Scores on the social stress factor of the TMDP demonstrated a statistically significant correlation with the QIDS scores. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that the number of new COVID-19 patients in the region is associated with depressive symptoms among nurses in the hospital COVID unit. Scores on the social stress factor in the TMDP are also correlated with depressive symptoms among nurses.

COVID-19 , Depression , Anxiety/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Depression/epidemiology , Humans , Pandemics , Prospective Studies