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The American Journal of Managed Care ; 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-20244010

ABSTRACT

Study Design: We conducted a qualitative stakeholder analysis project with suppliers of the MDPP and health care providers. Am J Manag Care. 2023;29(6):In Press _____ Takeaway Points More than 5 years after CMS enacted coverage of the CDC-approved Medicare Diabetes Prevention Program (MDPP) in 2018, little is known about why MDPP uptake is so limited. * Findings of our stakeholder analysis with program suppliers and health care providers reinforced existing evidence on insufficient reimbursement and low awareness of the program. * Newer insights include recommendations about lagged payments, ongoing virtual delivery, and formally diagnosing prediabetes among MDPP participants. * Our findings on barriers and facilitators can inform policy to refine the MDPP and research on the MDPP, particularly within the field of implementation science. _____ Population-level strategies to prevent type 2 diabetes are urgently needed for the more than 24 million older adults with prediabetes in the United States.1 Evidence-based lifestyle interventions can prevent diabetes onset, per evidence from the landmark Diabetes Prevention Program trial.2 Thus, the CDC launched the National Diabetes Prevention Program (NDPP) in 2010.3 Significant reductions in weight and medical spending were observed among Medicare beneficiaries who participated in the NDPP,4 prompting CMS to fully cover the Medicare Diabetes Prevention Program (MDPP) starting in 2018.5 Despite unprecedented Medicare coverage for a disease prevention program, MDPP uptake is limited. Regarding awareness, national guidelines recommend referral to lifestyle intervention for adults aged 40 to 70 years with prediabetes.9 Yet less than 5% of adults eligible for a NDPP reported receiving a referral,10 which may stem from limited awareness among health care providers.11 Thus, we conducted a qualitative stakeholder analysis to learn about regional awareness of, referral to, facilitators of, and barriers to the MDPP. The 8 interviewees included 5 program directors (3 from YMCAs, 1 from a private organization, and 1 from a hospital system) and 3 health care providers (2 family physicians and 1 dietitian).

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