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Heart Rhythm ; 20(5 Supplement):S81, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2322756


Background: The COVID-19 vaccines were developed unprecedentedly and have proven safe and efficacious in reducing transmissibility and severe infection. The impact of mRNA-based COVID-19 vaccines on atrial arrhythmias (AA) incidence is unknown. Objective(s): To analyze the incidence of AA after COVID-19 vaccination in patients with a cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED). Method(s): BIOTRONIK Home Monitoring data and Medicare claims data from CERTITUDE patients implanted with a CIED between 2010-20 were utilized to identify recipients of one or more doses of the COVID-19 vaccine in 2021. Those who had influenza vaccination in 2020 were also identified in the same cohort as a control. From remote monitoring data, the number of atrial high rate events (AHR) and % burden of AA in the three months post-vaccination was compared to the preceding three months using Wilcoxon signed rank test. Kruskal-Wallis test was used for group difference comparisons. New AF diagnosis was determined from ICD-10 diagnosis codes in Medicare claims. Result(s): First and 2nd doses of COVID vaccine (50% Pfizer, 47% Moderna, and 3% J&J) were administered to 7757 and 6579 individuals with a CIED (age 76.2 (+/-9.0) y, 49% males), respectively. In the same cohort, 4723 (61%) individuals received the influenza vaccine. A statistically significant increase in the number of AHR episodes and % burden of AA was noted in the three months post-vaccination compared to the preceding three months after the 1st and 2nd doses of the COVID-19 vaccine (Figure). No such association was noted following influenza vaccination. In subgroup analysis, AHR episodes increased significantly in age groups >70 and men. Post-vaccination increase in AHR episodes was more significant in those without a pre-vaccination history of AHR episodes (mean increase of AHR 6.9+/-88.4, p<0.001) and was non-significant in those with a preceding history of AHR (p=0.8). Among the 764 patients with no AF diagnosis in claims preceding the first COVID-19 vaccine, 87 (11.4%) developed a new AF diagnosis or AHR event in the first three months post-vaccination. Conclusion(s): We report a small but significant increase in the number of CIED-detected atrial arrhythmias following vaccination for COVID-19 but not influenza, specifically in men and age >70 years. Acknowledging the immense public health benefit of COVID-19 vaccines, our results should prompt increased awareness of evaluating for AF in this high-risk group following vaccination. [Formula presented]Copyright © 2023