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1.
Neurology ; 98(18 SUPPL), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1925439

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate clinical, laboratory, and epidemiological features of acute neuroinflammatory disorders (ANIDs) that followed the 2016 Zika epidemic in Colombia. Background: The outbreak of Zika virus infection in Colombia in 2015-2016, produced an increased incidence of Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS) and other ANID cases. The Neuroviruses Emerging in the Americas Study (NEAS) network was established in 2016 as a multicenter-based observatory of ANIDs to investigate the role of emerging pathogens in neuroinflammatory diseases. Design/Methods: NEAS serves as a multi-center study based on 13 hospitals in 7 cities in Colombia which study all newly diagnosed patients who fulfill established criteria for GBS, encephalitis, myelitis, meningoencephalitis, or cranial nerve disorders as part of an observational cohort. We analyzed the clinical and epidemiological features of all cases evaluated between January 2016 and September 2021. Results: An observational cohort of 825 patients with ANIDs were recruited during the study period. 58.8% of cases were male with a median age of 43 (IQR 25-58) years. The most frequent ANIDs were GBS (46.1%) and facial nerve palsy (28.7%). The diagnosis of encephalitis (9.5%), myelitis (6.5%), and optic neuritis (5.9%) were less frequent. Patients with GBS were predominantly male (70.6%) and had a median age of 49 (IQR 32-60) years. Interestingly, there was an increase incidence of GBS in 2019. Conclusions: The outbreak of Zika in Colombia produced a marked increase in the incidence of GBS in 2016. Although cases of GBS and other ANIDs continued to emerge after the incidence of Zika infection decreased in July 2016, the recent SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has not produced any significant increase in the incidence of GBS in Colombia.

2.
BITACORA URBANO TERRITORIAL ; 32(2):63-76, 2022.
Article in Spanish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1912297

ABSTRACT

The restrictions applied to the use of public space as a measure to reduce the contagion and spread of COVID-19, and the strict quarantines decreed in the city of Bogota have transformed people's public life, and it is possible that their relationship with public space For this reason, it is important to highlight and analyze these changes, in order to diagnose the current situation and implement new guidelines in urban planning and the design of cities in a post-COVID world. The main source of information was the survey conducted between October 2020 and June 2021 by the Public Space Observatory of DADEP in the 20 localities of Bogota as urban planning units, and the Citizen Culture survey about the Corona virus, crisis carried out by the SDCRD. The methodological basis is established to glimpse the relationship of citizens with outer space before and after the strict quarantine applied by the national and district governments, taking into account that the survey was applied before the high rate period of vaccinated in Colombia.

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