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1.
Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical ; 74(1), 2022.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2012463

ABSTRACT

Introduction: SARS-CoV-2 spreads, mainly, through close contact among people, hence the importance of detecting contacts of confirmed cases and identifying the mode of transmission between them. Objective: To identify the main modes of direct transmission among contacts of imported and autochthonous cases. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in two populations: the confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Santiago de Cuba in the last quarter of 2020, and their declared direct contacts. In the search of the best representativeness, a two-stage stratified sampling method was used. The interview was used to collect the primary data;numbers and percentage, to summarize the information;the one-sample proportion hypothesis test and the compare proportions test using Minitab v.19, to identify possible differences across groups;and Microsoft Excel 2016, to produce the graphics. Results: The average number of contacts was higher among the autochthonous cases, prevailing the co-workers, neighbors and children. The contact-case relationship in imported cases was friend, driver, and mother or father-in-law;while in the autochthonous cases, it was son or daughter. Preventive actions were less used, and extra-domiciliary contacts of imported cases predominated. Contacts of imported cases were hospitalized more often, and had a higher proportion of asymptomatic than the autochthonous cases, but there was no significant differences. Conclusions: A differentiated pattern of transmission was not obtained;except that, transmission among autochthonous cases was between parent and child;while in imported cases, it was between friends. © 2022, Editorial Ciencias Medicas. All rights reserved.

2.
Revista Cubana de Salud Publica ; 48(2), 2022.
Article in Spanish | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1965360

ABSTRACT

Introduction: In Santiago de Cuba province, the actions applied to control the epidemic in 2020 caused changes and negative effects on many of the health services that are usually provided in the territory. Objective: To identify the effect of the COVID-19 epidemic on health services in Santiago de Cuba province during 2020. Methods: A retrospective ecological study was conducted with time series as units of comparative analysis in Santiago de Cuba province as the only geographical territory to evaluate the effects of COVID-19 on the provision of health services during 2020. Some health service indicators from the time series from 2015 to 2019 were selected. The data source was official statistics. The percentage of change was estimated and a classification of the effects of COVID-19 according to its magnitude and meaning was proposed. Results: There were changes in the number and types of health services in terms of outpatient and emergency medical consultations, hospital admissions and average stay of cardiology activities related to admissions, coronary angiographies performed, pacemakers implanted and operations performed, elective surgical activities and emergency operations, as well as outpatient and minimal access ones, rehabilitative treatments, studies for diagnosis through the use of clinical and microbiology laboratories, imaging studies in general, and the most affected were those related to Stomatology, and kidney and corneal transplants. Conclusions: The COVID-19 epidemic had a negative effect on the functioning of health services as there were unfavorable changes in the number of services provided at the primary and secondary care levels, which can impact on the health of vulnerable people if alternative strategies are not established.

3.
Bulletin ..pid..miologique Hebdomadaire ; 2022.
Article in French | GIM | ID: covidwho-1743817

ABSTRACT

Background - In the context of the global COVID-19 pandemic and the expansion of the more transmissible 20J/501Y.V3 (P1) variant of concern (VOC), mRNA vaccines were made available in French Guiana, an overseas French territory in South America, from mid-January 2021. This study aimes to estimate the willingness to be vaccinated and the socio-demographic and motivational correlates among Health Care Workers (HCWs) in French Guiana. Methods - A cross-sectional survey was conducted from January 22 to March 26, 2021, among a sample of HCWs in French Guiana based on an anonymous online questionnaire. Results - A total of 579 HCWs were interviewed, including 220 physicians and 200 nurses most often working in hospital (54%) or in the liberal sector (22%). Overall, 65.6% of respondents reported that they were willing to be or had already been vaccinated against COVID-19, while 24.3% of respondents reported that they did not want to get vaccinated against COVID-19 and 11.2% were unsure. In multivariate analysis, factors associated with vaccination willingness were older age, level of concern about COVID-19, confidence in vaccine information, and having been vaccinated against influenza in the previous year. Conversely, reluctance to certain vaccinations in general (adjusted OR=0.23, CI95%: [0.13-0.41]) and being from the West Indies or French Guiana (aOR=0.39 [0.21-0.73]) were associated with greater vaccine distrust. Conclusion - Negative opinions and attitudes toward vaccines are a major public health concern among HCWs in French Guiana when considering the current active epidemic with P1 VOC. Territorial specificities, general vaccine hesitancy and concerns about future side effects in particular represent important barriers and/or issues. Low confidence in government and science are important for COVID-19 vaccine refusal among non-medical staff. Public health messages with information on vaccine safety should be tailored to address these concerns.

4.
Glycobiology ; 31(12):1763-1763, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1710904
5.
Infectious Diseases Now ; 51(5, Supplement):S65, 2021.
Article in French | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1336495

ABSTRACT

Introduction La Guyane française a fait face à une première vague significative l’été 2020, quelques mois après la métropole. L’étude EpiCovid a révélé que 25 % des guyanais avaient été touchés par le COVID. Les soignants, comme ailleurs, ont fait partie des populations significativement impactées par l’épidémie. Après l’autorisation du vaccin à ARNm Comirnaty® par l’Agence européenne du médicament fin décembre, la métropole a commencé à vacciner dans les EHPAD. L’arrivée des vaccins a été retardée de 15 jours en Guyane du fait de l’attente de l’arrivée d’un congélateur à −80°C à l’hôpital de Cayenne. Dès le début de la campagne vaccinale dans les EHPAD et auprès des soignants, des réticences vis-à-vis du vaccin ont été exprimées. La vaccination était accessible à tous les soignants de plus de 50 ans ou avec comorbidités au moment de l’enquête. Dans le contexte de l’émergence du variant 20J/501Y.V3 en Amérique du Sud, une meilleure compréhension des attitudes et de l’intention vaccinale des professionnels de santé de ce territoire particulier est susceptible d’aider à l’ajustement de la campagne. Matériels et méthodes Une enquête épidémiologique transversale a été mis en place en février et mars 2021 à destination de l’ensembles des soignants de Guyane à l’aide d’un questionnaire en ligne sur le site wepi.org, diffusé par mailing larges en partenariat avec les structures de santé du territoire, les URPS et les ordres médecins et infirmiers, la lettre de l’ARS, les groupes What'sApp de professionnels, sous forme de QR code affichés et sur les fonds d’écran des ordinateurs professionnels et sur support papier dans les services du CH de Cayenne et les 17 centres délocalisés de prévention et de soins (CDPS) des communes de l’intérieur. Résultats Au total, 578 professionnels de santé ont répondu à l’enquête, dont 42 % de médecins ou sage femmes, 37 % d’infirmiers et 20 % d’autres professionnels de santé. Les médecins et les infirmiers exerçaient en libéral (30 % et 23 %), en milieu hospitalier (48 % et 51 %) et en CDPS (10 % et 18 %, respectivement). Dans l’ensemble, 91 % des soignants interrogés se déclaraient favorables aux vaccinations en général, mais 26 % défavorables à certains vaccins. Concernant la vaccination contre le COVID-19, 65 % étaient déjà vaccinés ou envisageaient probablement de se faire vacciner, 11 % étaient indécis et 24 % déclaraient ne pas vouloir se faire vacciner. L’intention vaccinale était plus élevée parmi les médecins (87 %) que parmi les infirmiers et les autres professions de santé (50 % et 46 %, p<0,001). Le refus du vaccin n’était pas différent selon le mode d’exercice, libéral ou hospitalier. L’opposition au vaccin était plus fréquente parmi les femmes (30 %), les moins de 35 ans (37 %) et parmi les professionnels de santé originaires de Guyane et des Antilles françaises (48 %). Ces facteurs restaient associés en analyse multivariée par régression logistique. À l’inverse, parmi les professionnels originaires de métropole ou de l’étranger, elle n’était pas différente en fonction de l’ancienneté d’arrivée en Guyane (qui était en médiane de 8 ans, IIQ [19–2]). Elle ne variait pas non plus en fonction du lieu d’exercice. Conclusion Les intentions vaccinales des professionnels de santé de Guyane française dans la période initiale de mise à disposition des vaccins sont assez contrastées, avec près d’un soignant sur quatre ne souhaitant pas se faire vacciner.

6.
Contemporary Political Theory ; : 33, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1268018
7.
Revista Cubana de Medicina ; 60(1), 2021.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1196304

ABSTRACT

Introduction: From the onset of COVID-19 epidemic, a multidisciplinary team is formed in Santiago de Cuba with the participation of several institutions and activated by the Provincial Defense Council. Integrated epidemiological analysis, government management and social response would be decisive in controlling the disease. Objectives: To identify possible groups of COVID-19 cases in the Santiago de Cuba province and to describe the transmission according to epidemiological variables.

8.
Revista Cubana de Salud Publica ; 46, 2020.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1196245

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe the behaviour of COVID-19 confirmed cases from Santiago de Cuba province between March and April, 2020. Methods: It was carried out a cross-sectional, observational descriptive study taking as studied population 49 COVID-19 positive cases in Santiago de Cuba province between March and April, 2020. There were selected clinic and epidemiologic variables. As statistical technique it was applied the implicative statistical analysis with its three forms: similarity, cohesive, and implicative. Results: It was obtained a set of all the relations among the studied variables in a graphic way, being highlighted the differences among both sexes since the females were related to the asymptomatic category and the males to symptomatic, seriously ill and deceased categories;while older adults were related with the higher amount of personal pathological background and the deceased ones, and young adults were related to the backgrounds and respiratory system’s symptoms. Conclusions: This study allows to visualize, as a distinctive feature of COVID-19 cases´ behaviour in Santiago de Cuba province, that the highest risk sub-group is the one of male 2 older adults with underlying diseases, mainly arterial hypertension, which is similar to what is happening in other regions of the world. © 2020, Editorial Ciencias Medicas. All rights reserved.

9.
Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical ; 72(3), 2020.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1187319

ABSTRACT

Introduction: COVID-19, a disease caused by the virus named SARS-CoV-2, was declared pandemic by the WHO in March 2020. Until 9 June Cuba had reported 2 211 cases and 83 deaths. Forty-nine of these cases were from Santiago de Cuba, for a lethality of 6.12.

10.
Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical ; 72(3):1-14, 2020.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1130090

ABSTRACT

Introduction: COVID-19, a disease caused by the virus named SARS-CoV-2, was declared pandemic by the WHO in March 2020. Until 9 June Cuba had reported 2 211 cases and 83 deaths. Forty-nine of these cases were from Santiago de Cuba, for a lethality of 6.12. Objective: Characterize COVID-19 morbidity in Santiago de Cuba based on the analysis of selected epidemiological, clinical and diagnostic aspects. Method: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted of the 49 patients confirmed in the province. A review was performed of databases, statistics, and clinical and epidemiological records. Estimation was made of incidence rates, arithmetic mean and median, percentage difference between the rates, and Fischer's exact test. Statistical association was determined with the software EPIDAT, using a confidence level of 95% and a significance level of ≤ 0.05. Results: The incidence rate was 4.7 per 1 000 inhabitants. The municipalities involved were Santiago, Contramaestre and Palma Soriano. The greatest risk lay in patients aged over 60 years, among whom coughing, fever and rhinitis were common symptoms. Of the patients studied, 26.53% were asymptomatic. The main associated comorbidities were hypertension and neurological and respiratory disorders. The results of the diagnostic procedures applied were positive RT-PCR, high LDH, C-reactive protein, hyperglycemia and diffuse inflammatory pulmonary infiltrate. A statistical association was found between the evolution period, 7 and more days from symptom onset to admission, and the degree of severity. Conclusions: The highest risk of becoming ill and dying was found in the most advanced ages of life. The most common symptoms behaved in a manner similar to the one described in the bibliography consulted, and so did the laboratory results obtained. Delay in reporting to health institutions and associated comorbidities were risks for progression to severity and death. © 2020, Editorial Ciencias Medicas. All rights reserved.

11.
Revista Cubana de Salud Publica ; 46(Suppl. 1), 2020.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-1013700

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe the behaviour of COVID-19 confirmed cases from Santiago de Cuba province between March and April, 2020.

12.
3c Empresa ; : 129-147, 2020.
Article in Spanish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1011827

ABSTRACT

Analyzing the business perspective in the current scenario is a mandatory, task for the academic and business world, including organizational processes in companies and challenges for leaders of organizations in many areas. Through the Delphi Method, seven experts, from different parts of the world, were interviewed to obtain it information on their perspectives on the future of the gastronomic business in the face of the crisis caused by COVID-19. Using the Theory of Punctuated Equilibrium to explain the unforeseen transformations in customer demands and the sharp changes in consumer behavior, it is sought to reach a consensus on how the recession phase in which the economy will find itself, the increase in digital services and changes in consumer habits will impact restaurant SMEs. Concluding that, the restaurant industry has an encouraging outlook as long as they develop innovative products and open up to other markets

13.
Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses ; 50 (6 Supplement):S66, 2020.
Article in French | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-832309

ABSTRACT

Declaration de liens d'interets: Les auteurs declarent ne pas avoir de liens d'interets. Copyright © 2020

14.
Revista Habanera de Ciencias Medicas ; 19, 2020.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-825280

ABSTRACT

Introduction: In the process of caring for patients with suspected coronavirus infection (COVID-19), elements that must be considered in transmission prevention strategies are included. Objective: To describe, based on the presentation of a case confirmed with COVID-19, the chronology of patients suspected or confirmed with the disease and the need to optimize diagnosis times in the transmission prevention. Case presentation: Fifty-nine-year-old male patient with a history of high blood pressure and gout, working as a taxi driver. Seven days before admission, he began with symptoms. A rapid test for COVID-19 was performed, which was negative. On the fifth day of isolation in a private room, PCR was performed and coronavirus infection was confirmed. He was moved to an institution dedicated to the care of these patients where he recovered without complications. Time intervals concerning care are described with special emphasis on diagnostic delay. Conclusion: Monitoring of the care dynamics of patients suspected of COVID-19 is required with a special focus on strengthening the prevention of nosocomial transmission and the prevention of the spreading of the disease in the community. © 2020 Universidad de Ciencias Medicas de La Hab. All rights reserved.

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