Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 3 de 3
Filter
Add filters

Database
Language
Document Type
Year range
1.
Open Forum Infectious Diseases ; 8(SUPPL 1):S245, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1746714

ABSTRACT

Background. COVID-19 has emerged as a global public health emergency and has been the main cause of intensive care admission during the pandemic. COVID-19-associated pulmonary aspergillosis (CAPA) has been reported in case series of critically ill patients. However, the criteria for CAPA diagnosis has been inconsistent among most of the reports. Mexico has been widely affected by SARS-CoV-2. We present a series of CAPA cases at a teaching hospital in Mexico City. Methods. We performed a retrospective analysis of COVID-19 patients admitted to the ABC Medical Center from May 1st, 2020, to May 1st, 2021. Including only those with critical COVID-19 who required invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV). Patients with a diagnosis of CAPA were analyzed. We followed the 2020 ECMM/ISHAM consensus criteria for CAPA diagnosis. Aspergillus antigen testing in tracheal aspirate and serum was done with Aspergillus-specific galactomannoprotein (GP) ELISA (Euroimmun Medizinische Labordiagnostika). Results. Among the 230 admitted patients who required IMV, we identified 49 (21.3%) cases of CAPA, 46 probable CAPA and 3 proven CAPA. Nineteen (38%) of those died in the hospital. The mean age was 64.5 ± 12.6 years and 11 were female. Proven CAPA was diagnosed with culture in three cases (one A. niger, one A. terreus and one A. fumigatus). Probable CAPA was diagnosed by a positive serum GP in 27 (55.1%) patients and by a positive bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) GP in 29 (59.2%) cases. Seven patients had both serum and BAL positive GP. Forty-six (93.9%) patients received corticosteroids, and 22 (49.9%) were treated with tocilizumab before CAPA diagnosis. All but one received isavuconazole as CAPA treatment. We detected 35 (71.4%) patients who had a bacterial co-infection. Eighteen of those died (51.4%) compared to only one dead in the subgroup without coinfections (7.1%). The mean time from hospital admission to CAPA diagnosis was 6.2 days (SD 7.1) among those who survived compared to 13.2 (SD 6.3) days in those who died p< 0.01. Conclusion. CAPA had a lower prevalence than previously reported in other series. However, it appears to be linked to high mortality when it occurs with other bacterial coinfections and when it is diagnosed late from admission.

2.
Revista Medica del Hospital General de Mexico ; 84(2):64-70, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1257507

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic is a worldwide challenge. There are few useful tools to predict patient outcomes. Identification of biomarkers able to predict progression of the disease could improve the treatment of these patients. Objective: The objective of the study was to identify biomarkers of disease progression among patients with severe COVID-19 pneumonia. Materials and methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted among severe COVID-19 pneumonia patients hospitalized in the American British Cowdray Medical Center in Mexico City. Disease progression was defined as use of vasoactive amines, need of non-invasive or invasive mechanical ventilation or death. Studied biomarkers included neutrophil/lymphocyte index, lymphocyte/platelet Ratio, C reactive protein, procalcitonin, D Dimer, lactic dehydrogenase (LDH), ferritin, 25–OH–Vitamin D, and interleukin 6. Results: We report 46 patients with severe COVID-19 pneumonia. Mean age was 51 years, the majority of whom 30 (65%) male. Median hospitalization was 9 days. 23 (50%) of patients presented disease progression. Ferritin and LDH were strongly associated with disease progression among our cohort. In addition, age was associated with worst prognosis with a relative risk 4.5 (1.2-16.9, p = 0.003). Conclusions: Age, ferritin, and LDH were associated with disease progression among patients with severe COVID-19 pneumonia.

3.
Open Forum Infectious Diseases ; 7(SUPPL 1):S247, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1185722

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19, caused by SARS-CoV-2, has emerged as a global public health emergency and has been the main cause of intensive care admission during the pandemic. Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) superinfection has been reported in case series of critically ill patients. Mexico has been widely affected by SARS-CoV-2. We present a case series of COVID-19-associated IPA at a teaching hospital in Mexico City. Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of COVID-19 patients admitted to the ABC Medical Center from March 13 to June 1, 2020. Only those with severe or critical COVID-19 were hospitalized. Patients with a diagnosis of putative IPA were analyzed. SARS-CoV-2 was diagnosed by Real-Time PCR from nasopharyngeal swabs. Aspergillus antigen testing in tracheal aspirate and serum was done with Aspergillus-specific galactomannoprotein (GP) ELISA (Euroimmun Medizinische Labordiagnostika).The study was approved by the hospital ethics committee. Results: Among the 47 admitted patients who required invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV), we identified seven (14.9%) cases of IPA. The mean age was 59.7 ± 17.8 years and five were male. All our patients had comorbidities, but none were under previous immunosuppressive treatment. All had critical COVID-19 pneumonia requiring IMV. All but one patient received corticosteroids, and five patients were treated with tocilizumab before IPA diagnosis. Putative IPA was diagnosed in six cases (86%) by a positive GP in tracheal aspirate, additionally in one of these, the tracheal aspirate culture also grew Aspergillus niger. The remaining one (14%) had a positive serum GP. The median time from COVID-19 to IPA diagnosis was 10 days. There were five bacterial co-infections, three with Pseudomonas aeruginosa, one with Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, and one with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Six patients were treated with isavuconazole and one voriconazole. As of June 17, 2020, three patients had died, two patients had been discharged, and two were still in the intensive care unit receiving IMV. Aspergillus niger isolated from a tracheal aspirate of a critically-ill COVID-19 patient Conclusion: COVID-19-associated IPA had a lower prevalence than previously reported in other series. However, it appears to be linked to high mortality and could be associated with other bacterial coinfections.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL