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1.
EuropePMC; 2021.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-318319

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is a rare genetic disease with hyperactivated contact and kallikrein-kinin systems leading to bradykinin (BK) release and edema. SARS-CoV-2 infection results in inflammatory exacerbation. C1 inhibitor (C1-INH) deficiency could aggravate clinical outcomes, with HAE patients at a greater risk of adverse outcomes of COVID-19, however, data are still limited. Our aim was to characterize the course and severity of COVID-19 in patients with HAE.MethodsLatin American HAE reference centers evaluated SARS-CoV-2 infection in this population. Patients with confirmed diagnosis of HAE with (HAE-C1-INH) or without C1-INH deficiency (HAE-nC1-INH) were included. HAE symptomatology and the course of COVID-19 were characterized with the application of a questionnaire. Results66 patients from 10 countries (HAE-C1-INH 80,3%;HAE-nC1-INH 19.6%) were reported with SARS-CoV-2 infection. Comorbidities were absent in 69.7% of the patients and obesity present in 12.1%. Attacks occurred in 45.5% of patients with HAE during SARS-CoV-2 infection. Long term prophylaxis was reported in 52% (34/66) of HAE patients. Complete cure was observed in 61 patients (92.4%), pulmonary sequelae in 4 and death in one HAE-C1-INH patient. The cause of death was septic shock secondary to bacterial pulmonary coinfection. Disease progression was not impacted by sex, therapy or type of HAE (p = 0.803). ConclusionAttacks occurred in almost half of HAE patients suggesting that SARS-CoV-2 infection is a trigger. HAE did not represent a risk factor for a worse outcome of COVID-19, even in use of androgens.

2.
EuropePMC; 2021.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-311432

ABSTRACT

Purpose: There is still scarce data on SARS-CoV-2 infection in patients with Inborn Errors of Immunity (IEI) and many questions. We aimed to describe the clinical outcome of SARS-CoV-2 infection in Brazilian IEI patients and to identify factors influencing the outcome of infection. Methods: : We did a cross-sectional, multicenter study that included patients of any age affected by IEI and SARS-CoV-2 infection. The variables studied were sex, age, type of IEI, comorbidities (number and type), treatment in use for IEI, clinical manifestations and severity of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Results: : 121 patients were included: 55.4% female, ages from six months to 74 yo (median age = 25.1 yo). Most patients had predominantly antibody deficiency (n=53). The infection presented mostly as asymptomatic (n=21) and mild (n=66), and one child had multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS-C). We could not observe sex related susceptibility and observed a weak correlation between age and severity of infection. The number of comorbidities was higher in severe cases, particularly bronchiectasis and cardiopathy. There were no severe cases in hereditary angioedema patients. Six patients aged 2 to 74 years died, three of them with antibody deficiency. Conclusion: The outcome was mild in most patients, but the Case Fatality Ratio was higher than in the general population. Patients with complement deficiencies had milder COVID-19. However, the type of IEI was not a determining factor for severity. The severity of SARS-CoV-2 infection seems to be more related to older age, higher number of comorbidities and type of comorbidities (bronchiectasis and cardiopathy).

4.
An Bras Dermatol ; 97(2): 173-178, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1578973

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of atopic eczema is unknown in many countries. The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) is an epidemiological landmark in the study of allergic diseases. OBJECTIVE: To validate and assess the reproducibility of the ISAAC Written Atopic Eczema Questionnaire (WAEQ) for children aged between 6 and 7 years by telephone contact. METHODS: Observational study through interviews with guardians of children aged 6 to 7 years using the ISAAC atopic eczema module questionnaire in three different phases separated by 2 weeks: telephone interviews in the first and third contacts and in-person interviews under supervision in the second contact. Reproducibility was estimated using the Kappa index and validation using the sensitivity and specificity coefficients. RESULTS: Data from 88 children (32 from the atopic eczema group) were analyzed. Reproducibility showed almost perfect agreement for the questions "Recurrent pruritic lesions" and "Lesions in typical locations" (Kappa between 0.81-0.82), while a substantial agreement was observed for all other indicators (Kappa variation between 0.66 and 0.78). The validation showed high specificity (≥ 80.4%) and sensitivity (≥ 87.5%) for all questions, except those related to chronicity and medical diagnosis (34.4% and 40.6%, respectively). STUDY LIMITATIONS: Non-random selection, no sample size calculation, participants from a tertiary hospital and study period coincident with the Coronavirus pandemic. CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that the ISAAC atopic eczema module questionnaire by telephone interviews has good reproducibility and high agreement with the clinical diagnosis of atopic eczema. It may be an appropriate alternative tool in epidemiological studies of childhood atopic eczema, especially in periods of social isolation.


Subject(s)
Asthma , Dermatitis, Atopic , Eczema , Hypersensitivity , Asthma/diagnosis , Asthma/epidemiology , Child , Dermatitis, Atopic/diagnosis , Dermatitis, Atopic/epidemiology , Eczema/diagnosis , Eczema/epidemiology , Humans , Prevalence , Reproducibility of Results , Surveys and Questionnaires , Telephone
5.
J Clin Immunol ; 41(7): 1479-1489, 2021 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1281310

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: There is still scarce data on SARS-CoV-2 infection in patients with Inborn Errors of Immunity (IEI) and many unresolved questions. We aimed to describe the clinical outcome of SARS-CoV-2 infection in Brazilian IEI patients and identify factors influencing the infection. METHODS: We did a cross-sectional, multicenter study that included patients of any age affected by IEI and SARS-CoV-2 infection. The variables studied were sex, age, type of IEI, comorbidities (number and type), treatment in use for IEI, clinical manifestations and severity of SARS-CoV-2 infection. RESULTS: 121 patients were included: 55.4% female, ages from six months to 74 yo (median age = 25.1 yo). Most patients had predominantly antibody deficiency (n = 53). The infection was mostly asymptomatic (n = 21) and mild (n = 66), and one child had multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS-C). We could not observe sex-related susceptibility, and there was a weak correlation between age and severity of infection. The number of comorbidities was higher in severe cases, particularly bronchiectasis and cardiopathy. There were no severe cases in hereditary angioedema patients. Six patients aged 2 to 74 years died, three of them with antibody deficiency. CONCLUSION: The outcome was mild in most patients, but the Case Fatality Ratio was higher than in the general population. However, the type of IEI was not a determining factor for severity, except for complement deficiencies linked to milder COVID-19. The severity of SARS-CoV-2 infection seems to be more related to older age, a higher number of comorbidities and type of comorbidities (bronchiectasis and cardiopathy).


Subject(s)
COVID-19/diagnosis , Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases/diagnosis , SARS-CoV-2/physiology , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/diagnosis , Adult , Asymptomatic Diseases , Brazil , COVID-19/mortality , Cross-Sectional Studies , Disease Progression , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases/mortality , Severity of Illness Index , Survival Analysis , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/mortality , Young Adult
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