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Clin Biochem ; 92: 71-76, 2021 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1141672


Owing to their ease of use, glucose meters are frequently used in research and medicine. However, little is known of whether other non-glucose molecules, besides vitamin C, interfere with glucometry. Therefore, we sought to determine whether other antioxidants might behave like vitamin C in causing falsely elevated blood glucose levels, potentially exposing patients to glycemic mismanagement by being administered harmful doses of glucose-lowering drugs. To determine whether various antioxidants can be detected by seven commercial glucose meters, human blood samples were spiked with various antioxidants ex vivo and their effect on the glucose results were assessed by Parkes error grid analysis. Several of the glucose meters demonstrated a positive bias in the glucose measurement of blood samples spiked with vitamin C, N-acetylcysteine, and glutathione. With the most interference-sensitive glucose meter, non-blood solutions of 1 mmol/L N-acetylcysteine, glutathione, cysteine, vitamin C, dihydrolipoate, and dithiothreitol mimicked the results seen on that glucose meter for 0.7, 1.0, 1.2, 2.6, 3.7 and 5.5 mmol/L glucose solutions, respectively. Glucose meter users should be alerted that some of these devices might produce spurious glucose results not only in patients on vitamin C therapy but also in those being administered other antioxidants. As discussed herein, the clinical relevance of the data is immediate in view of the current use of antioxidant therapies for disorders such as the metabolic syndrome, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and coronavirus disease 2019.

Antioxidants/chemistry , Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring/instrumentation , Blood Glucose/analysis , Acetylcysteine/blood , Acetylcysteine/chemistry , Antioxidants/analysis , Antioxidants/metabolism , Ascorbic Acid/analysis , Ascorbic Acid/blood , Blood Glucose/chemistry , Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring/methods , Glutathione/blood , Glutathione/chemistry , Humans , Point-of-Care Systems