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Transfus Med ; 2022 Sep 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36169016


OBJECTIVES: This survey aims to assess the scope of transfusion e-learning courses in blood establishments and transfusion services internationally. BACKGROUND: E-learning/online education is increasingly used in the education of medical professionals. There is limited published data on the use of e-learning for transfusion medicine. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An International survey was designed and distributed to all members of the International Society of Blood Transfusion to assess utilisation of e-learning in their institutions. Descriptive statistics were used to summarise the results. RESULTS: A total of 177 respondents participated, 68 of which had e-learning modules in their institutions. Approximately two-thirds of the courses were developed in-house (66%), and 63% are available to learners from outside the host institutions. In one-third of institutions, these courses were established during the COVID-19 pandemic, while 15% had used e-learning courses for more than 10 years. The courses target different audiences and topics ranging from blood donation to hemovigilance. The most common audiences were physicians (71%), laboratory scientists/technologists (69%) and transfusion practitioners (63%). Formal assessment of learning outcomes is used in 70% of the programs. CONCLUSIONS: The survey demonstrates the widespread use of e-learning courses in transfusion education, with a substantial proportion being developed during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Vox Sang ; 117(2): 259-267, 2022 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34374093


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Belgian health authorities launched a national platform in 2011 to improve the quality of transfusion practices and blood use in Belgian hospitals. No data were available about the quality of hospital transfusion practice at the national level. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three consecutive national surveys (2012, 2014 and 2016) were performed in all 111 Belgian hospitals to assess the degree of implementation of standards in four process domains related to red blood cell (RBC) transfusion: general quality aspects, ordering of RBC, electronic traceability and reporting of adverse events. The surveys were part of a methodology based on informing, feedback and benchmarking. Responses to questions were analysed semi-quantitatively, and hospitals could score 10 points on each of the domains. RESULTS: The proportion of hospitals scoring below 5 per domain decreased from 16%, 70%, 14% and 11% (2012) to 2%, 17%, 1% and 1% (2016), respectively. Similarly, scores above 7.5 increased from 25%, 1%, 23% and 36% (2012) to 64%, 30%, 68% and 81% (2016), respectively. In 2016, overall quality of transfusion practices, including the four pre-specified domains, improved continuously with an average total score (max = 40) increasing from 24.2 to 30.5 (p = 0.0005). In addition, there was a decrease in the number of distributed and transfused RBC per 1000 population between 2011 and 2019 from 47.0 to 36.5 and 43.5 to 36.1, respectively. CONCLUSION: These data show that the applied methodology was a powerful tool to improve quality of transfusion practices and to optimize utilization of RBC at the national level.

Benchmarking , Blood Transfusion , Belgium , Erythrocytes , Hospitals
BMC Health Serv Res ; 16(a): 337, 2016 08 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27485241


BACKGROUND: Examining determinants of antenatal care (ANC) is important to stimulate equitable distribution of ANC across Europe. This study (1) compares ANC utilisation in Belgium and the Netherlands and (2) identifies predisposing, enabling and pregnancy-related determinants. METHODS: Secondary data analysis is performed using data from Belgium, and the Netherlands. The content and timing of care during pregnancy (CTP) tool measured ANC use. Non-parametric tests and ordinal logistic regression are performed to gain insight in the determinants of health care use. RESULTS: Dutch women receive appropriate ANC more often than Belgian women. Multivariate analysis showed that lower education, unemployment, lower continuity of care and non-attendance of antenatal classes are associated with a lower likelihood of having more appropriate ANC. CONCLUSIONS: Predisposing and pregnancy related variables are most important to influence the content and timing of ANC, irrespective of the country women live in. Lower health literacy in socially vulnerable women might explain the predisposing determinants of health care use in both countries. Stimulating accessibility to antenatal courses or organising public education are recommendations for practice. Regarding pregnancy-related determinants, improving continuity of care can optimise ANC use in both countries.

Prenatal Care/statistics & numerical data , Urban Population , Adult , Belgium , Ethnicity , Female , Humans , Logistic Models , Netherlands , Pregnancy