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2.
Cureus ; 14(1): e21416, 2022 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1677766

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The pulmonary sequelae of severe COVID-19 infection are yet to be fully defined. The authors undertook this study to find out the proportion of severe COVID-19 patients having fibrosis-like lung sequelae during a medium-term follow-up period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study from a dedicated COVID centre of Eastern India. Severe COVID-19 patients who had undergone chest computerized tomography (CT) during the acute phase of illness and at least one follow-up CT with a gap of minimum two months between the two scans were included in the study. RESULT: A total of 39 patients who had recovered from severe COVID-19 pneumonia and presented to the pulmonary medicine OPD in the months of July and August 2021 were included. Patients with pre-existing lung disease (n-4), mild to moderate (n-11), and due to unavailability of CT scan (n-2) were excluded. A total of 22 patients (thirteen males, nine females) were thus included for analysis. Follow-up scans were performed with a mean of 2.5 months after the onset of the disease. Out of 22 patients, only one patient's follow-up scan was normal. Predominant fibrotic-like features were present in six (27.2%) patients, though some evidence of fibrosis-like changes were seen in 20 out of 22 (90.9%) patients. The remaining 15 (68.2%) patients with abnormal scans had predominant non-fibrotic changes like ground-glass opacities (GGOs), consolidation, cavity, or nodule. The most common presenting symptoms at the follow-up examination were dyspnoea (81.8%), cough (54.1%) followed by fatigue in 40.9% of patients. CONCLUSION: This study concluded that most of the severe COVID-19 patients have some residual radiological findings during medium-term follow-up. Fibrotic-like lesions are present in almost all patients but most of them get resolved with time. True fibrotic features like honeycombing are rarely seen as residual lung sequelae.

3.
Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl ; 32(3): 875-879, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1662747

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) led to a global pandemic which is still unfolding. Little is known about the presentation, course of disease, treatment, and outcome in kidney transplant recipients. In this series, we describe nine such patients who presented with COVID-19. The mean age of the patients was 41.22 years. The mean duration of kidney transplantation was 63.22 months. The most common symptom was fever (9/9), followed by malaise (7/9), cough (5/9), dyspnea (4/9), diarrhea (2/9), and hemoptysis (2/9). Five patients developed acute kidney injury. Antiproliferative was stopped in all cases. Three patients needed hospitalization due to hypoxia while others were managed at home. We observed that majority of patients could be managed at home with isolation and self-monitoring. Even patents with moderate-to-severe disease were managed with oxygen supplement, low molecular weight heparin, and remdesivir. All patients recovered without any short-term sequelae in two months follow-up.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , COVID-19/complications , Transplant Recipients/statistics & numerical data , Adult , Humans , Immunocompromised Host , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2
4.
Indian J Public Health ; 65(4): 422-424, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1603912

ABSTRACT

Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an acute inflammatory demyelinating disorder of the peripheral nerve. Different variants of GBS can produce a wide array of symptoms among which motor weakness, areflexia without bladder-bowel involvement are commonly encountered. ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 is a recombinant Corona Virus Vaccine and it is incorporated into India's coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) vaccination program. Few rare instances of serious neurological complications have been reported following COVID-19 vaccination. Our case received 2 dose of COVID-19 vaccine. After receiving 1st dose he had rapid onset of ascending paralysis without any sensory and bladder bowel involvement. He received Intra Venous Immuno Globulin and Injection prednisolone for 5 days. Following that his lower limb weakness resolved rapidly but there was no improvement in upper limb weakness. Nerve conduction study showed demyelinating etiology and along with clinical features, it was appeared to be a case of GBS. However, more evidence is needed before establishing the causal relationship between COVID-19 vaccines and GBS.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Guillain-Barre Syndrome , COVID-19 Vaccines , ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/chemically induced , Humans , India , Male , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccination
5.
Transplant Direct ; 8(1): e1255, 2022 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1575040

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: COVID-19-associated mucormycosis (CAM) is a recently emerging entity. There is a lack of reports of CAM in organ transplant recipients. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter (n = 18) retrospective research in India during November 2020 to July 2021. The purpose of this study was to explore the clinical spectrum, outcome and risk factors for mortality of CAM in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs). RESULTS: The incidence of CAM was 4.4% (61/1382 COVID-19-positive KTRs) with 26.2% mortality. The median age of the cohort was 45 (38-54) y. Twenty (32%) were not hospitalized and 14 (22.9%) were on room air during COVID-19. The proportion of postdischarge CAM was 59.1%, while concurrent CAM was reported in 40.9%. The presentation of CAM was 91.8% rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis and 8.2% pulmonary with 19.6% and 100% mortality, respectively. In the univariable analysis, older age, obesity, difficulty of breathing, high-flow oxygen requirement, and delay in starting therapy were significantly associated with mortality. In the multivariable logistic regression analysis, patients requiring high-flow oxygen therapy [odds ratio (95% confidence interval) = 9.3 (1.6-51); P = 0.01] and obesity [odds ratio (95% confidence interval) = 5.2 (1-28); P = 0.05] was associated with mortality. The median follow-up of the study was 60 (35-60) d. CONCLUSIONS: We describe the largest case series of CAM in KTRs. Morality in pulmonary CAM is extremely high. Severe COVID-19 pose extra risk for the development of CAM and associated mortality. Our report will help in better understanding the conundrum and management of CAM.

6.
Cureus ; 13(8): e17170, 2021 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1372146

ABSTRACT

Introduction Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) causing COVID-19 disease is the third coronavirus to have emerged in the last 20 years. The COVID-19 infection causes more severe illness in patients with comorbid diseases, especially in patients with diabetes, hypertension and kidney failure. Methods This is a retrospective study using electronic records and laboratory data of adult patients hospitalised at All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Patna between May 1st, 2020 and March 31st, 2021, who were diagnosed with COVID-19 and needed haemodialysis. The demographic characteristics, co-morbidities, symptoms, clinical course, laboratory parameters, and treatments were recorded. The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical profile and outcome of patients on hemodialysis with COVID-19 infection. Results The study included 261 COVID-19 patients who needed haemodialysis. The most common symptoms on admission were fever (72.8%), cough (64.3%) and dyspnoea (46.6%). The mean age was 58.4 +/-15 years. A total of 195 patients (74.7%) were male. The most common co-morbid condition was hypertension (85.1%) followed by diabetes (71.9%). A total of 118 (45.2) patients had acute on chronic kidney disease (CKD), 40 (15.3) were on maintenance haemodialysis (MHD) and 103 (39.5) were having acute kidney injury (AKI). Eight patients were renal transplant recipients. At presentation, 183 (70.1%) patients were having mild to moderately severe infection and 78 (29.9%) patients were having severe disease. A total of 213 patients required ICU admissions, 186 (75.3%) of whom required invasive ventilation. Overall mortality was 66% (172/261) and the rest were discharged. Conclusion The study suggests that COVID-19 disease has a significantly more severe course and poorer outcome in patients requiring haemodialysis.

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