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1.
International Journal of Interdisciplinary Telecommunications and Networking ; 14(1):11, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1917935

ABSTRACT

The number of the elderly experiencing cognitive disorders or dementia including Alzheimer's has been increasing worldwide. During COVID-19 pandemic, they are vulnerable not only to the coronavirus, but also to the social isolation with no family visits. The elderly are increasingly depressed, resisting care, refusing medications, and showing signs of agitation. These behavioral disturbances are leading to an increased use of psychotropic medications and/or increased hospitalizations to the already overloaded healthcare systems. To address this, the authors focus on a mobile intervention, named AlzhaTV, as a suite of mobile apps. The intervention, not requiring any technical interaction from the elderly, is available on both Android and iOS platforms. The mobile intervention has the potential to improve the quality of life and reduction in medications for the elderly. The results show that multiple personalized and non-personalized videos can be transmitted over existing wireless networks. During the current and future pandemics and disasters, AlzhaTV can actively support the elderly.

2.
Journal of Materials Chemistry C ; 10(5):1573-1593, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1700093

ABSTRACT

The rapid spread of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and emergence of different variants worldwide have caused a pandemic. With the sudden outbreak of this virus, ultraviolet-C (UV-C) sterilizing devices are significantly employed to destroy around 99% of these viruses. However, continuous exposure to UV-C may harm the environment and humans, leading to an increased risk of skin cancer, DNA damage, cataracts and many more severe health complications, which may result in another pandemic situation. Thus, it is highly necessary to monitor the intensity of UV-C exposure and limit the radiation in the environment. It is advisable to employ a highly sensitive solar-blind (SB) UV photodetector (PD) together with UV-C radiation devices. Among the various ultra-wide bandgap semiconductors, AlGaN and Ga2O3 have emerged as the most suitable materials for application in solar-blind photodetection devices due to their high radiation hardness and high chemical and thermal stability. In lieu of exploring efficient SB UV detection systems, herein, we present a comprehensive review of the latest progress in solar-blind UV PDs based on the device architecture and the accompanying physical mechanisms. Further, the technical issues related to material synthesis and device fabrication, which limit the large-scale implementation of these detectors, are also addressed. Finally, a perspective for the future integration of these semiconducting materials with emerging two-dimensional materials towards highly sensitive SB detection devices is given. This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry.

3.
Journal of Materials Chemistry C ; : 21, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1617008

ABSTRACT

The rapid spread of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and emergence of different variants worldwide have caused a pandemic. With the sudden outbreak of this virus, ultraviolet-C (UV-C) sterilizing devices are significantly employed to destroy around 99% of these viruses. However, continuous exposure to UV-C may harm the environment and humans, leading to an increased risk of skin cancer, DNA damage, cataracts and many more severe health complications, which may result in another pandemic situation. Thus, it is highly necessary to monitor the intensity of UV-C exposure and limit the radiation in the environment. It is advisable to employ a highly sensitive solar-blind (SB) UV photodetector (PD) together with UV-C radiation devices. Among the various ultra-wide bandgap semiconductors, AlGaN and Ga2O3 have emerged as the most suitable materials for application in solar-blind photodetection devices due to their high radiation hardness and high chemical and thermal stability. In lieu of exploring efficient SB UV detection systems, herein, we present a comprehensive review of the latest progress in solar-blind UV PDs based on the device architecture and the accompanying physical mechanisms. Further, the technical issues related to material synthesis and device fabrication, which limit the large-scale implementation of these detectors, are also addressed. Finally, a perspective for the future integration of these semiconducting materials with emerging two-dimensional materials towards highly sensitive SB detection devices is given.

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