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Iatreia ; 35(4):414-423, 2022.
Article in Spanish | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2067412


Objective: To identify the clinical presentation and factors associated with anosmia and ageusia in patients with COVID-19 in a health center in a province of Peru for the period 2020-2021. Method(s): Cross-sectional analytical study through data from the COVID-19 program of the Essalud Po-lyclinic in Jauja, Peru. Sociodemographic characte-ristics, symptoms and comorbidities of the patients were detailed. A bivariate analysis identified the factors associated with anosmia and ageusia. Result(s): 356 patients were identified: 53.1 % were wo-men, mean age was 48.7 years (+/-17.8) and 261 (73.3%) with mild COVID-19. Of the total, 22.2% had anosmia and 19.9% ageusia;of which the majority were un-der 65 and female. Associated symptoms were found in 86.1% of patients with anosmia and 83.1% with ageusia. The main factors associated with anosmia were age younger than 65 years (p=0.027), cough (p<0.001), headache (p<0.001), dyspnea (p<0.001), nasal congestion (p<0.001) and fever (p<0.001);and ageusia: age younger than 65 years (p=0.006), cough (p=0.001), headache (p<0.001), dyspnea (p<0.001), nasal congestion (p<0.001) and diarrhea (p<0.001). Conclusion(s): Anosmia and ageusia are common symptoms of COVID-19. Most patients had these symptoms associated with common symptoms. Many of those who had anosmia had nasal congestion, so it is advisable to consider differentiating them when making the diagnosis. Copyright © 2022, Universidad de Antioquia. All rights reserved.