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1.
Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 2023 Jul 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2295069

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to evaluate the results of endoscopic dilation for simple benign airway stenosis in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients and whether COVID-19 infection was associated with higher rate of recurrence compared with a control group. METHODS: It was an observational multicenter study including consecutive patients with simple benign airway stenosis undergoing endoscopic dilatation with at least 6 months of follow-up. The outcome of patients with COVID-19 infection was compared with that of a control group in relation to patient and stenosis characteristics, and procedure type. Then, univariable and multivariable analyses identified the risk factors for recurrence. RESULTS: Seventy-nine patients were included in the study; 56 (71%) of these developed airway stenosis after COVID-19 infection. COVID-19 patients presented a higher rate of stenosis due to prolonged intubation (82 vs. 43%; p = 0.0014); no other differences were found regarding demographic data, characteristics of stenosis, and procedure type. Twenty-four (30%) patients had recurrence after first dilatation (32% for No-COVID-19 vs. 26% for COVID-19 group; p = 0.70), and in 11 (35%) of these, the stenosis recurred after repeated endoscopic treatment (65% for No-COVID-19 vs. 45% for COVID-19 group; p = 0.40). Subglottic stenosis (p = 0.013) and the use of laser (p = 0.016) were significant predictive factors for stenosis recurrence. CONCLUSION: COVID-19 infection did not affect the outcome of endoscopic treatment of simple airway stenosis, and the treatment of these subsets of patients should not differ from that of general population.

2.
J Med Virol ; 95(2): e28512, 2023 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2209118

ABSTRACT

To date, no comprehensive marker to monitor the immune status of patients is available. Given that Torque teno virus (TTV), a known human virome component, has previously been identified as a marker of immunocompetence, it was retrospectively investigated whether TTV viral load may also represent a marker of ability to develop antibody in response to COVID-19-BNT162B2 vaccine in solid organ transplant recipients (SOT). Specifically, 273 samples from 146 kidney and 26 lung transplant recipients after successive doses of vaccine were analyzed. An inverse correlation was observed within the TTV copy number and anti-Spike IgG antibody titer with a progressive decrease in viremia the further away from the transplant date. Analyzing the data obtained after the second dose, a significant difference in TTV copy number between responsive and nonresponsive patients was observed, considering a 5 log10 TTV copies/mL threshold to discriminate between the two groups. Moreover, for 86 patients followed in their response to the second and third vaccination doses a 6 log10 TTV copies/mL threshold was used to predict responsivity to the booster dose. Although further investigation is necessary, possibly extending the analysis to other patient categories, this study suggests that TTV can be used as a good marker of vaccine response in transplant patients.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , DNA Virus Infections , Torque teno virus , Humans , Torque teno virus/genetics , COVID-19 Vaccines , Transplant Recipients , Retrospective Studies , BNT162 Vaccine , Seroconversion , Kidney , Lung , Viral Load , DNA, Viral
3.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 10(10)2022 Sep 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2066607

ABSTRACT

The aim of the study was to explore the humoral and T-cell response in lung transplant (LuT) patients. Two-time points were considered, before (T0) and after (Tpost) the third dose of the BNT162b2 mRNA vaccine, comparing LuT with healthy donors (HD). LuT patients showed a lower serologic response against SARS-CoV-2 compared with HD at both time-points (p = 0.0001 and p = 0.0011, respectively). A lower percentage of IFNγ+orIL2+orTNFα+CD4+ and CD8+ T-cells LuT patients was observed in LuT patients compared with HD at T0 (CD4+: p = 0.0001; CD8+: p = 0.0005) and Tpost (CD4+: p = 0.0028; CD8+: p = 0.0114), as well as in the percentage of IFNγ+IL2+TNFα+CD4+ T-cells (T0: p = 0.0247; Tpost: p = 0.0367). Finally, at Tpost, a lower percentage of IFNγ+IL2+TNFα+ CD8+ T-cells in LuT patients compared with HD was found (p = 0.0147). LuT patients were stratified according to the lowest cut-off value for the detection of a humoral response (4.81 BAU/mL) at T0, into responder (R) and non-responder (NR) groups. In the R group, no differences in the percentage of IFNγ+or IL2+orTNFα+ and IFNγ+IL2+TNFα+CD4+ and CD8+ T-cells compared with HD at both time-points were observed. Otherwise, in the NR group, lower percentages of IFNγ+IL2+TNFα+CD4+ T-cells compared with the R group (T0: p = 0.0159; Tpost: p = 0.0159), as well as compared with the HD, at both time-points, were observed (T0: p = 0.0064; Tpost: p = 0.0064). These data seem to confirm that some LuT patients can mount cellular responses even in the absence of a positive humoral response (>33.8 BAU/mL), although this cellular response is dysfunctional and partially detrimental.

6.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 110(5): e417-e419, 2020 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-884669

ABSTRACT

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 disease 2019 (COVID-19) has rapidly spread worldwide since December 2019. An acute respiratory distress syndrome develops in a relevant rate of patients, who require hospitalization. Among them, a nonnegligible rate of 9.8% to 15.2% of patients requires tracheal intubation for invasive ventilation. We report the case of a pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema developing in a COVID-19 patient secondary to postintubation tracheal injury. The management of COVID-19 patients can be challenging due to the risk of disease transmission to caregivers and epidemic spread. We performed a bedside tracheal injury surgical repair, after failure of conservative management, with resolution of pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema and improvement of the patient's conditions.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Intubation, Intratracheal/adverse effects , Mediastinal Emphysema/surgery , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , Subcutaneous Emphysema/surgery , Thoracic Surgical Procedures/methods , Trachea/injuries , Aged , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Humans , Male , Mediastinal Emphysema/diagnosis , Mediastinal Emphysema/etiology , Neck , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Subcutaneous Emphysema/diagnosis , Subcutaneous Emphysema/etiology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
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