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PeerJ ; 9: e11026, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1170561


BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease has provoked much discussion since its first appearance. Despite it being widely studied all over the world, little is known about the impact of the disease on functional ability related to performing activities of daily living (ADL) in patients post COVID-19 infection. OBJECTIVES: To understand the impact of COVID-19 on ADL performance of adult patients and to describe the common scales used to assess performance of ADL on patients post-COVID-19. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted. We included studies that applied a physical capacity test in COVID-19 patients, post-infection. Two independent reviewers analyzed the studies, extracted the data, and assessed the quality of the evidence. RESULTS: A total of 1,228 studies were included, after removing duplicates, 1,005 abstracts were screened and of those 983 were excluded. A final number of nine studies which met the eligibility criteria were included. The findings revealed worsening of physical function and ADL performance in all patients post COVID-19 infection. CONCLUSION: All included studies found a reduction of ADL beyond the test or scale used, revealing a vital worsening of functional ability in ADL performance and consequently loss of independence in COVID-19 patients after the acute phase of infection. Functional ability status previous to COVID-19 is crucial for predicting the severity of the disease and mortality. Barthel Index and ADL score were the most used assessment tools across subjects with different intrinsic capacity and context levels.

Chron Respir Dis ; 18: 14799731211002240, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1138509


Knowledge on the sequelae of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) remains limited due to the relatively recent onset of this pathology. However, the literature on other types of coronavirus infections prior to COVID-19 reports that patients may experience persistent symptoms after discharge. To determine the prevalence of respiratory symptoms in survivors of hospital admission after COVID-19 infection. A living systematic review of five databases was performed in order to identify studies which reported the persistence of respiratory symptoms in COVID-19 patients after discharge. Two independent researchers reviewed and analysed the available literature, and then extracted and assessed the quality of those articles. Of the 1,154 reports returned by the initial search nine articles were found, in which 1,816 patients were included in the data synthesis. In the pooled analysis, we found a prevalence of 0.52 (CI 0.38-0.66, p < 0.01, I 2 = 97%), 0.37 (CI 0.28-0.48, p < 0.01, I 2 = 93%), 0.16 (CI 0.10-0.23, p < 0.01, I 2 = 90%) and 0.14 (CI 0.06-0.24, p < 0.01, I 2 = 96%) for fatigue, dyspnoea, chest pain, and cough, respectively. Fatigue, dyspnoea, chest pain, and cough were the most prevalent respiratory symptoms found in 52%, 37%, 16% and 14% of patients between 3 weeks and 3 months, after discharge in survivors of hospital admission by COVID-19, respectively.

COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/physiopathology , Chest Pain/epidemiology , Cough/epidemiology , Dyspnea/epidemiology , Fatigue/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Chest Pain/physiopathology , Cough/physiopathology , Dyspnea/physiopathology , Fatigue/physiopathology , Humans , Prevalence , SARS-CoV-2 , Survivors
Kinesiologia ; 39(1):21-25, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: grc-741856


La Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) ha definido la infección por coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) como una pandemia. Su infección puede causar potencialmente una enfermedad respiratoria muy severa1,2. Por otro lado, la tasa de transmisión ha sido muy alta, especialmente entre profesionales de la salud. Los kinesiólogos están en un alto riesgo de contraer la infección, particularmente cuando aplican técnicas respiratorias, el uso de oxígeno o la ventilación no invasiva. El objetivo de estas recomendaciones es proveer información práctica para que los profesionales tomen las precauciones necesarias para evitar contraer la infección. Además describir los riesgos de transmisión, dispersión de partícula según intervención y las recomendaciones basadas en la literatura actual revisada. Recently the World Health Organization (WHO) has defined coronavirus infection (SARS-CoV-2) as a pandemic. Its infection can potentially cause a very severe respiratory illness1,2. Furthermore, the transmission rate has been very high, especially among health professionals. Physiotherapists are at high risk of contracting the infection, particularly when applying respiratory techniques, the use of oxygen, or non-invasive ventilation1. The objective of these recommendations is to provide practical information for professionals to take the necessary precautions to avoid contracting the infection. Also, to describe the risks of transmission, particle dispersion according to intervention and the recommendations based on the current literature reviewed.