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1.
American Journal of Transplantation ; 22(Supplement 3):1016, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2063533

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Torque tenovirus (TTV), a highly prevalent virus which is not known to cause pathology in humans, is currently being investigated as a marker of immunosuppression. In this study we investigated if the TTV load measured prior to COVID-19 vaccination can predict the serological response to the COVID-19 vaccine, measured 28 days after the second vaccination dose. Method(s): The humoral response to the mRNA 1273 vaccine (Moderna) was assessed in Lung transplant recipients (LTR) who received a transplant between 4 and 237 months prior, by measuring Spike-specific IgG levels at 28 days after the second vaccination. Antibody concentrations of >10 BAU/ml were considered reactive. TTV loads were determined by PCR and Pearson's correlation coefficient was calculated to correlate serological responses to TTV load. Patient characteristics, including reasons for transplantation, antirejection treatment, age and time since transplantation, were recorded to assess associations between these factors and vaccination response or TTV levels. Result(s): 103 LTR were included of which 41 (40%) showed some response (>10 BAU/ml) to the vaccine at 28 days after the second vaccination. 61 (60%) were non-responders. TTV loads at baseline varied between negative and 10E9 copies/ ml. The TTV loads were found to correlate with IgG levels and the with the percentage of responders 28 days after the second vaccination (=<0.001). TTV loads also correlated strongly with the time since transplantation. High TTV levels occurred predominantly in patients who were shorter after transplantation (p=0.0001). Conclusion(s): This study shows an association between pre-vaccination TTV load and humoral response to the SARS-CoV-2 vaccine, which correlate with the time after transplantation. We recommend that TTV load measurements are included in further vaccination efficacy studies in immunocompromised cohorts. If the TTV load is indeed a predictor of vaccine response, this could be used as a potential guidance for optimizing vaccination response.

5.
Journal of Heart & Lung Transplantation ; 41(4):S111-S112, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1783346

ABSTRACT

Although the currently approved COVID-19 vaccines are highly effective, SARS-CoV-2-specific immune responses are diminished in lung transplant recipients (LTR), probably due to immunosuppression (IS). There is currently no marker of IS that can be used to predict vaccination responses. Here, we study if torque tenovirus (TTV) can be used as a predictive marker. The humoral response to the mRNA-1273 vaccine was assessed in 103 LTR, who were vaccinated 4 to 237 months after Lung transplantation. Spike (S)-specific IgG levels were measured at baseline, 28 days after first, and 28 days after the second vaccination. TTV loads were determined by RT-PCR and Pearson's correlation coefficient was calculated to correlate serological responses to TTV load. Humoral responses to the vaccine COVID-19 vaccination were found in 41/103 (40%) LTR at 28 days after the second vaccination. 62 /103 (60%) had no detectable antibodies. TTV loads at baseline correlated with S-specific antibodies and the percentage of responders (=<0.001) (Fig 1). TTV loads also strongly correlated with the time since transplantation, indicating that participants with lower TTV loads were longer after transplantation. This study shows an association between baseline TTV load and mRNA-1273-induced S-specific antibodies. If the TTV load is indeed a predictor of vaccination responses, this can be used in the future as a potential guidance for optimizing vaccination regimens. Therefore, we recommend that TTV load measurements are included in further vaccination efficacy studies in immunocompromised cohorts. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Journal of Heart & Lung Transplantation is the property of Elsevier B.V. and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

6.
Journal of Heart & Lung Transplantation ; 41(4):S110-S111, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1783344

ABSTRACT

Concerns have been raised on the impact of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) on lung transplant (LTx) patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect on the clinical course and transplant function pre- and post-COVID-19 infection in LTx patients. Data were retrospectively collected from adult LTx patients with a proven COVID-19 infection from three Dutch transplant centres, between February 2020 and September 2021. Spirometry results were collected pre-COVID-19 infection and within 3 and 6 months post-COVID-19 infection. A total of 59 LTx patients had been tested positive for COVID-19. The median age was 58 years (IQR 49-66), 64% was male and median time since transplantation was 5 years (IQR 2-11). Thirty-three patients (56%) were hospitalized, 30 (51%) were in need for supplemental oxygen therapy, 17 (29%) were admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) and 13 (22%) required invasive mechanical ventilation. Thirteen patients died (22%), 10 in ICU (77%), 3 (23%) on general wards. Post-COVID-19 spirometry results were available in 45 (76%) patients within three months post-infection and in 34 (58%) 6 months post-infection. Spirometry results and the prevalence of chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD) are shown in Table 1. CLAD pre-COVID-19 was not associated with higher mortality (12% vs 10%, p = 0.162). In LTx patients COVID-19 infection results in high hospitalization and mortality rate. FVC and FEV1 was declined three months after infection and gradually improved at 6 months post-COVID-19 infection. However, FVC remained significantly lower after 6 months, demonstrating a more restrictive pattern. The prevalence of CLAD did not change after COVID-19 infection. Further follow-up is required to obtain more detailed information about CLAD. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Journal of Heart & Lung Transplantation is the property of Elsevier B.V. and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

7.
Journal of Heart & Lung Transplantation ; 41(4):S54-S54, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1783340

ABSTRACT

In April 2020 COVID-19 lockdown measures were instigated leading to a dramatic drop in non-COVID respiratory virus infections (RVI). This provided a unique situation to assess the impact of RVI on annual FEV1 decline, episodes of temporary drop in lung function suggestive of infection (TDLF) and CLAD in lung transplant recipients (LTR). All lung function tests (LFT) of LTR transplanted between 2009-April 2020 were used from post-transplant baseline onward. LFT were censored after COVID-19 infection. Weekly RVI counts from the virology department defined RVI pressure over time. TDLF was defined as sudden, reversible FEV1 drop compared to previous 4 values (any TDLF ≥10% and ≥200ml, severe TDLF ≥20% and ≥500ml). Annual FEV1 decline was estimated using linear mixed effects models with separate estimates for 2009/20 and 2020/21. Effect modification by TDLF frequency of individual LTR (two subgroups, split at median) and RVI pressure was tested. Rates of CLAD and TDLF were analyzed over time. 479 LTR (12,775 LFT) were included. Annual FEV1 change in 2009/20 was -114ml [95%CI -133;-94], while in 2020/21 this was significantly less: 5ml [-38;48] (p<0.001). RVI pressure significantly affected FEV1 level (an increase in weekly RVI-count of 10 leading to a 7ml [-10;-5] lower FEV1 (p<0.001). FEV1 decline in 2009/20 was faster in frequent TDLF LTR vs. infrequent (-150ml [-181;-120] vs. -90ml [-115;-65] p=0.003 Fig A). 2020/21 showed significant decreases in number of any TDLF (OR 0.53 [0.33;0.85], p=0.008) and severe TDLF (OR 0.34 [0.16;0.71] p=0.005) and numerically lower CLAD (OR 0.53 [0.27;1.02] p=0.060). Effect modification by RVI pressure (Figures B-D) indicated an association between the events and RVI. During the lockdown year 2020/21 the broad decline in RVI coincided with substantially less FEV1 decline, TDLFs and possibly CLAD. All these outcomes were moderated by RVI pressure suggesting an important role for RVI in lung function decline in LTR. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Journal of Heart & Lung Transplantation is the property of Elsevier B.V. and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

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