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1.
International Journal of Organizational Analysis ; 30(5):1172-1187, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2135960

ABSTRACT

Purpose>This paper aims to discover why such a public partnership project had been successful with a non-profit third-party alliance such as a smart city consortium (SCC) promoting smart city development.Design/methodology/approach>This descriptive case study is primarily based on analysing data collected from various texts, public statements, media interviews and three semi-structured interviews with key members involved in the Covid-19 dashboard project.Findings>The data and analysis reviews that both interpersonal and interorganisational trust, dedication and proactiveness of the leaders at SCC were major contributing factors to why SCC was able to partner with the Hong Kong Government in the Covid-19 dashboard in the first place and that the success was also a direct outcome of effective mass collaborative knowledge management activities.Research limitations/implications>The research in leadership attributes and activities in the non-profit alliance has been few and this collaborative partnership between the alliance and the government is an example of the importance of further research in smart city leadership.Practical implications>In deploying projects for mass collaboration and knowledge sharing in smart city development (which is multi-disciplinary in nature). there are still many new and evolving organisational practices and leadership matters that many business leaders and city managers can learn from.Social implications>Smart city development projects involve the notion of sharing data in an open environment enabled by software and mediating tools. Successful projects such as this Hong Kong Covid-19 dashboard which serves a diverse audience can further promote the importance of an open data policy regime for the benefit of the public.Originality/value>This case study covers a highly original and unique case study with the leaders at the SCC and representatives from the Hong Kong Government.

2.
International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications ; 13(5), 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1912241

ABSTRACT

The Covid-19 pandemic has affected all aspects of human life and has even forced humans to shift their life habits, including in the world of education. The learning model must shift from the traditional face-to-face pattern to a modern face-to-face pattern or an asynchronous pattern with information technology-based applications. Blended learning is one of the appropriate solutions to adjust the limited face-to-face learning conditions. Blended learning can be done, for example, by scheduling learning by dividing the number of participants by 50% and entering on a scheduled basis. However, the problem is that the time and effort used are less efficient. Blended learning can also be done by conducting learning simultaneously with 50% of students in class and the remaining 50% through conferences. This concept will streamline the time and effort used. However, the problem is that there is a gap in the learning experience between students in class and students who do learning via conference. This innovative blended learning system framework is proposed to overcome these problems. The system built seeks to present an online learning experience atmosphere so that it is expected to be able to resemble an offline learning atmosphere. We created a system using camera technology and object detection that will track the movement of the teacher so that the teacher can move freely in the room without having to be stuck in front of the computer holding the conference. The algorithms used are MobileNet Single Shot Detector and Centroid Tracking. This research produces an accurate model for detecting teacher movement at a distance of 2, 4, and 6 meters with a camera installation height of 1.5 and 3 meters.

3.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 70(4): 11-12, 2022 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1801751

ABSTRACT

Rhino-orbital mucormycosis is an aggressive fungal opportunistic infection of the immune-compromised, debilitated patients. The presence of neutrophilia and lymphocytopenia in patients affected with mucormycosis have been reported. Not much study has been done to establish the ratio of neutrophil to lymphocyte as a possible indicator for the severity of Rhino-orbital mucormycosis which is clinical staged. As such, this study aims to find out the relationship of the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio with the clinical staging of Rhino-orbital mucormycosis in COVID19 recovered patient and if such a ratio can help to identify the severity of the opportunistic fungal infection. MATERIAL: This is a Cross-sectional study done on 100 patients who were diagnosed with Mucormycosis based on radiological findings, post-COVID19 recovery. The neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio was estimated after obtaining the complete blood count of the patient and calculating the ratio by the division of differential Neutrophil by the differential Lymphocyte count. The clinical staging of Mucormycosis was done based on radiological findings. OBSERVATION: The median value of Neutrophil Lymphocyte ratio was found to be elevated in all the clinical stages of Mucormycosis (from stage 2 to 4) at the time of admission as well as discharge considering the normal value of N/L ratio in a healthy individual to be 3. The median N/L ratio was also found to be in decreasing trend as compared from the time of admission to discharge in all the stages 2 to 4 of mucormycosis and was statistically significant (p=0.00) in stage 3 of mucormycosis. CONCLUSION: The Neutrophil-Lymphocyte ratio can be used as a viable marker of severity of mucormycosis and is a good prognostic indicator for resolution of disease especially in stage 3 of mucormycosis. This study helps to reiterate the importance of N/L ratio in the treatment protocol of mucormycosis.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Eye Diseases , Mucormycosis , Orbital Diseases , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Lymphocytes , Mucormycosis/diagnosis , Neutrophils , Orbital Diseases/diagnosis
4.
BMC Infect Dis ; 22(1): 204, 2022 Mar 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1779608

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There was a lack of information about prognostic accuracy of time to sputum culture conversion (SCC) in forecasting cure among extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) patients. Therefore, this study evaluated the prognostic accuracy of SCC at various time points in forecasting cure among XDR-TB patients. METHODS: This retrospective observational study included 355 eligible pulmonary XDR-TB patients treated at 27 centers in Pakistan between 01-05-2010 and 30-06-2017. The baseline and follow-up information of patients from treatment initiation until the end of treatment were retrieved from electronic nominal recording and reporting system. Time to SCC was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method, and differences between groups were compared through log-rank test. Predictors of time to SCC and cure were respectively evaluated by multivariate Cox proportional hazards and binary logistic regression analyses. A p-value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: A total of 226 (63.6%) and 146 (41.1%) patients respectively achieved SCC and cure. Median time to SCC was significantly shorter in patients who achieved cure, 3 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.47-3.53), than those who did not (median: 10 months, 95% CI: 5.24-14.76) (p-value < 0.001, Log-rank test). Patient's age > 40 years (hazards ratio [HR] = 0.632, p-value = 0.004), baseline sputum grading of scanty, + 1 (HR = 0.511, p-value = 0.002), + 2, + 3 (HR = 0.523, p-value = 0.001) and use of high dose isoniazid (HR = 0.463, p-value = 0.004) were significantly associated with early SCC. Only SCC at 6 month of treatment had statistically significant association with cure (odds ratio = 15.603, p-value < 0.001). In predicting cure, the sensitivities of SCC at 2, 4 and 6 months were respectively 41.8% (95%CI: 33.7-50.2), 69.9% (95%CI: 61.7-77.2) and 84.9% (95%CI: 78.1-90.3), specificities were respectively, 82.8% (95%CI: 76.9-87.6), 74.6% (95%CI: 68.2-80.4) and 69.4% (95%CI: 62.6-75.5) and prognostic accuracies were respectively 65.9% (95%CI: 60.7-70.8), 72.7% (95%CI: 67.7-77.2) and 75.8% (95%CI: 71.0-80.1). CONCLUSION: In forecasting cure, SCC at month 6 of treatment performed better than SCC at 2 and 4 months. However, it would be too long for clinicians to wait for 6 months to decide about the regimen efficacy. Therefore, with somewhat comparable prognostic accuracy to that SCC at 6 month, using SCC at 4 month of treatment as a prognostic marker in predicting cure among XDR-TB patients can decrease the clinicians waiting time to decide about the regimen efficacy.


Subject(s)
Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary , Adult , Antitubercular Agents/therapeutic use , Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis/diagnosis , Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis/drug therapy , Humans , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Sputum , Treatment Outcome , Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant/drug therapy , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/diagnosis , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/drug therapy
5.
SELAPARANG Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat Berkemajuan ; 4(1):423-426, 2020.
Article in Indonesian | Indonesian Research | ID: covidwho-1755161

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) merupakan penyakit yang disebabkan oleh Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-Cov-2). Virus ini menyebar melalui percikan (droplets) dari saluran pernapasan yang dikeluarkan saat sedang batuk atau bersin.Salah satu faktor risiko yang menyebabkan penularan COVID-19 pada tukang ojek baik ojek online maupun offline adalah adanya kontak dalam jarak deka tantara penumpang yang mungkin positif COVID-19 dengan pengemudi ojek itu sendiri. Sebagian besar pengemudi ojek yang tidak melengkapi dirinya dengan alat pelindung diri (APD) sebagai salah satu langkah pencegahan penularan COVID-19. Minimnya pengetahuan dan kesadaran tentang bahaya COVID-19 serta kurangnya pemasukan tiap harinya membuat para pengemudi ojek tidak menggunakan APD seperti masker. Kegiatan ini membagikan handsanitizer dan masker kain kepada pengemudi ojek sebagai upaya pencegahan dan pemutusan rantai penularan COVID-19. Kata kunci: COVID-19;masker;handsanitizer;pengemudi ojek.  Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a disease caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-Cov-2). This virus spreads through droplets from the respiratory tract that are released while coughing or sneezing. One of the risk factors that cause COVID-19 transmission to ojek drivers both online and offline is that there is contact within the distance between passengers who might be positive with the ojek drivers themselves. Most of the ojek drivers who do not equip themselves with personal protective equipment (PPE) as a preventive measure for COVID-19 transmission. The lack of knowledge and awareness about the dangers of COVID-19 and the lack of daily income makes ojek drivers do not use PPE like a mask. This activity distributed hand sanitizers and masks to ojek drivers as an effort to prevent and break the COVID-19 transmission chain. Keywords: COVID-19;mask;handsanitizer;ojek driver.

6.
SELAPARANG Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat Berkemajuan ; 4(1):533-536, 2020.
Article in Indonesian | Indonesian Research | ID: covidwho-1754867

ABSTRACT

Keterbatasan APD (Alat Pelindung Diri) semakin memprihatinkan sehingga perlunya pemasokan APD pada fasilitas kesehatan guna untuk mencegah pemaparan peyebaran COVID-19 pada tenaga kesehatan. Dengan adanya kelangkaan alat pelindung diri alternatif lain dalam perlindungan diri minimal untuk mencegah penyebaran COVID-19 ini adalah dengan menggunakan Face shield. Tenaga kesehatan di fasilitas kesehatan yang secara langsung memberikan pelayanan masyarakat memiliki resiko tinggi terkena penyebaran COVID-19. Oleh karena itu perlunya melakukan kegiatan dalam membantu penyediaan APD di fasilitas kesahatan salah satu nya adalah Face shield. Tujuan dari pengabdian masyarakat ini untuk membantu tenaga kesehatan dalam pencegahan penyebaran COVID-19. Pada pengabdian masyarakat ini pembagian face shield dilakukan pada sejumlah puskesmas dan klinik antara lain Puskesmas Labuapi Puskesmas Banyumulek Puskesmas Perampuan dan Klinik an Nur. Metode pelaksanaan dilakukan secara langsung dengan jumlah total 50 buah face shield. Kata kunci: face shield;pencegahan COVID-19;Universitas Muhammadiyah Mataram. The limitation of PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) is increasingly alarming so the need for PPE supply in health facilities in order to prevent exposure to COVID-19 distribution to health workers. Due to the scarcity of personal protective equipment another alternative to minimal self-protection to prevent the spread of COVID-19 is to use a Face Shield. Health workers in health facilities that directly provide community services have a high risk of contracting co-19. Therefore, the need to carry out activities to help provide PPE in health facilities one of which is Face Shield. The purpose of this community service is to help health workers in preventing the spread of COVID-19. In this community service the division of face shields was carried out in a number of Puskesmas and clinics including Labuapi Puskesmas Banyumulek Puskesmas Perampu Puskesmas and an Nur Clinic. The method of implementation is carried out directly with a total of 50 face shields. Keywords: face shield;COVID-19 prevention;University of Muhammadiyah Mataram

7.
SELAPARANG Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat Berkemajuan ; 5(1):542-547, 2021.
Article in Indonesian | Indonesian Research | ID: covidwho-1754819

ABSTRACT

Desa Suradadi merupakan sebuah desa yang terletak di Kecamatan Terara Kabupaten Lombok Timur. Karena letaknya yang termasuk didaerah pedesaan warga desa Suradadi lebih banyak menggunakan bahasa daerah yakni bahasa sasak dalam kegiatan sehari-harinya dan tidak sedikit dari warga desa Suradadi yang tidak memahami bahasa Indonesia. Banyak pendapat yang mengatakan bahwa bahasa yang digunakan oleh pemerintah terkait edukasi COVID-19 kepada masyarakat masih menggunakan bahasa yang kurang dipahami oleh awam terlebih yang berada di daerah. Bahasa yang disampaikan oleh pemerintah masih menyasar pada masyarakat perkotaan terdidik yang berasal dari kelas menengah. Kegiatan ini bertujuan untuk membuat short video edukasi COVID-19 berbahasa Sasak dengan melibatkan warga Desa Suradadi. Desa Suradadi merupakan wilayah dengan angka kejadian nol COVID-19. Keberhasilan ini menjadi dasar pemilihan desa Suradadi sebagai pilot project pembuatan short movie edukasi COVID-19 berbahasa Sasak. Short movie ini akan menjadi media sosialisasi dan informasi COVID-19 serta upaya-upaya pencegahan dan pengendalian COVID-19 di kalangan masyarakat. Sasaran short movie ini ialah masyarakat di pulau Lombok yang kurang paham bahkan tidak mengerti Bahasa Indonesia. Short movie edukasi COVID-19 yang diberi judul “ITE PEDULI” ini telah disebarluaskan melalui akun youtube FIK UMMAT agar bisa dilihat oleh masyarakat. Harapannya setelah video ini disaksikan masyarakat akan lebih memahami pentingnya penerapan protokol kesehatan untuk memutus rantai penyebaran COVID-19. Kata kunci: film pendek;edukasi;COVID-19;sasak;pulau Lombok.   Suradadi village is a village located in Terara District East Lombok Regency. It is located in a rural area so that Suradadi villagers use more of the regional language namely the Sasak language in their daily activities and not a few of the Suradadi villagers who do not understand Bahasa Indonesia. There are many opinions state that the language used by the government regarding COVID-19 education for the public still uses language that is not understood by the layman especially those in the regions. The language spoken by the government is still targeting educated urban communities who come from the middle class. This activity aimed to make a COVID-19 educational short movie in Sasak language by involving the residents of Suradadi Village. Suradadi Village is an area with zero COVID-19 incidence. This success became the basis for choosing Suradadi village as a pilot project for making of COVID-19 educational short movie in Sasak language. This short movie will serve as a media for socializing and informing COVID-19 as well as efforts to prevent and control COVID-19 in the society. The target of this short movie is the people on the Lombok Island who do not even understand Bahasa Indonesia. The COVID-19 educational short movie entitled ITE PEDULI has been disseminated through the FIK UMMAT youtube account so that it can be seen by the public. After watching this video, the public will more understand the importance of application health protocols to break the chain of spread of COVID-19. Keywords: short movie;education;COVID-19;sasak;lombok island.

8.
SELAPARANG Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat Berkemajuan ; 5(1):1004-1007, 2021.
Article in Indonesian | Indonesian Research | ID: covidwho-1754611

ABSTRACT

Tangan merupakan bagian tubuh yang paling sering bersentuhan dengan permukaan obyek di sekitar kegiatan manusia yang tentunya akan sangat rentan sebagai pembawa kuman dan pathogen termasuk virus COVID-19 yang saat ini menjadi musuh terbesar dunia. Untuk mendukung kegiatan sosial manusia mencuci tangan dengan sabun merupakan salah satu langkah sanitasi yang dianjurkan di era new normal ini untuk mencegah penyebaran dan penularan COVID-19. Sehingga sabun cuci tangan dapat dikategorikan sebagai kebutuhan pokok. Bertepatan dengan memperingati “Hari Cuci Tangan Sedunia” maka kegiatan pengabdian ini meliputi edukasi untuk meningkatkan pemahaman dan kesadaran masyarakat mengenai pentingnya mencuci tangan dengan sabun dan langkah mencuci tangan dengan benar untuk mencegah penyakit dan hidup yang aman di era new normal Kata kunci: sabun;mencuci tangan;new normal.  Hands are part of body which touch hundreds of surfaces stuff a day which contain all kind of germs in the middle of our activities. But it might not realize just how much pathogens cause diseases especially COVID-19 that seriously case in the world. To support daily activities of society washing hands is one of the best sanitation’s defenses to against spread and infectious COVID-19 in this new era. So that the important role played by hand hygiene is routinely washing hand with soap. To advocacy Global Handwashing Day in October 15 this program of activities for the community dedicated to increasing awareness and understanding about the importance of handwashing with soap as an effective and affordable way to prevent diseases and save live in new normal era. Keywords: soap;washing hand;new normal. 

9.
SELAPARANG Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat Berkemajuan ; 4(2):469-472, 2021.
Article in Indonesian | Indonesian Research | ID: covidwho-1645906

ABSTRACT

Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) saat ini telah menjadi pandemi dan masalah kesehatan dunia sehingga diperlukan upaya pengendalian dan pencegahan COVID-19. Salah satu upaya pencegahan yang dapat dilakukan adalah dengan meningkatkan ketahanan masyarakat melalui kesehatan tubuh perorangan. Informasi mengenai suplemen kesehatan sangat diperlukan agar masyarakat dapat memilih dan menggunakan suplemen secara bijak untuk menghadapi COVID-19. Edukasi terkait penggunaan suplemen kesehatan bertujuan untuk memberikan informasi yang benar objektif dan tidak menyesatkan untuk menghadapi COVID-19 sehingga masyarakat dapat lebih memahaminya. Metode yang dilakukan dengan memberikan sebanyak 30 booklet dan suplemen kesehatan kepada warga masyarakat Singasari Puyung, Lombok Tengah. Wawasan masyarakat tentang penggunaan suplemen kesehatan meningkat setelah pemberian edukasi yang ditandai dengan masyarakat mampu mengulang kembali informasi yang sudah diberikan. Masyarakat dapat mengetahui bagaimana cara penggunaan suplemen yang tepat sehingga tidak salah dalam mengkonsumsi produk suplemen yang beredar di pasaran. Kata kunci: COVID-19;booklet;suplemen The novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) has now become a pandemic and a world health problem so efforts to control and prevent COVID-19 are needed. One of the preventive efforts that can be done is to increase community resilience through the health of the individual body. Information about health supplements is needed so that people can choose and use supplements wisely to deal with COVID-19. Education related to the use of health supplements aims to provide correct objective and not misleading information to deal with COVID-19 so that the public can better understand it. The method is carried out by providing as many as 30 booklets and health supplements to residents of the Singasari community Puyung Central Lombok. Public awareness about the use of health supplements increased after the provision of education which was marked by the community being able to repeat the information that had been given. The public can find out how to use the right supplement so that there is no mistake in consuming supplement products on the market. Keywords: COVID-19;booklet;supplement.

10.
Alexandria Engineering Journal ; 2021.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1046645

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to explore the optimal control of the novel pandemic COVID-19 using non-clinical approach. We formulate a mathematical model to analyze the transmission of the infection through different human compartments. By applying a sensitivity test, we obtain the sensitivity indexes of the parameters involved in the transmission of the disease. We demonstrate the most active/sensitive parameters to analyze the spread of the coronavirus COVID-19. The most active transmission parameters are interposed by introducing control variables. The control intervention is in the form of smart lockdown, frequent handwash, control of the disease’s side effects, face mask, and sanitizer. We Formulate Hamilton and Lagrangian to investigate the existence of the optimal control. Pontryagin’s Maximum Principle describes the control variables in the optimal control model. The objective function is designed to reduce both the infection and the cost of interventions. We use numerical simulation to verify the results of the control variables by Matlab 2019.

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