Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 9 de 9
Filter
1.
Med Sci Monit ; 28: e937741, 2022 Oct 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2056392

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND The course of COVID-19 disease is associated with immune deregulation and excessive release of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Vitamin D has an immunomodulatory effect. We aimed to assess the possible correlation between the incidence and severity of SARS-CoV-2 infection and serum vitamin D concentration. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 505 successive patients admitted to a COVID-19-dedicated hospital were included in the retrospective analysis. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) levels and SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR throat swab test results were determined for each patient. The course of COVID-19 was assessed on the basis of the serum Vitamin Modified Early Warning Score (MEWS), which includes respiratory rate, systolic blood pressure, heart rate, temperature, and state of consciousness), as well as number of days spent in the intensive care unit (ICU) and need for oxygen therapy. RESULTS There was no difference in 25-OHD concentration between COVID-19-confirmed and negative results of the PCR tests. No correlation was found between serum 25-OHD in the COVID(+) group and the need for and time spend in the ICU, as well as the MEWS score. Multivariate analyses showed a positive correlation between need for oxygen therapy and lower 25-OHD concentration, as well as older age (P<0.001) and similar positive correlation between need for ventilation therapy with lower 25-OHD concentration, as well as older age (P=0.005). CONCLUSIONS Our findings do not support a potential link between vitamin D concentrations and the incidence of COVID-19, but low vitamin D serum level in COVID-19 patients might worsen the course of the disease and increase the need for oxygen supplementation or ventilation therapy.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Vitamin D Deficiency , Cytokines , Humans , Oxygen , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Vitamin D , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Vitamins
2.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(15)2022 08 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1979225

ABSTRACT

This study has a twofold objective. First, we aim to measure the levels of fear among Polish police officers using the COVID-19 Fear Scale (FCV-19S) that has a stable unidimensional structure allowing for the provision of additional data by combining variables. This structure allows the second objective to be met to measure the correlation with sociodemographic variables. The utilitarian objective of the study is to provide information for updating support policies for stress management in the service. The questionnaire was completed by 1862 people with a mean age of 38.75 years with a good Cronbach's alpha (0.89). The perceived level of fear associated with COVID-19 should be considered relatively low. Caring for the elderly does not affect the level of fear. The factors of gender, age and having children statistically significantly differentiate the perceptions of fear. Therefore, there is a necessity to focus on building support for police officers who are over 50 years old, as well as for women, where higher levels of fear in both men and women can translate into the development of psychosomatic illnesses.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Adult , Aged , COVID-19/epidemiology , Child , Fear/psychology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Poland/epidemiology , Police
3.
Postepy Dermatol Alergol ; 39(3): 491-508, 2022 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1969640

ABSTRACT

Introduction: An increasing number of publications describing dermatoses associated with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have shown differences in the morphology and incidence of dermatoses in children compared to the general population. Material and methods: Among 22 selected full-text articles, dermatoses associated with COVID-19 have been described in 196 children (average age: 12.57 years). Dermatoses were the only symptom in most patients (n = 134; 68.4%). RT-PCR tests of nasopharyngeal swabs confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection in only 18 cases (n = 18/69; 26.1%). Results: Dermatoses described include chilblain-like lesions (n = 173; 88.3%), maculopapular rash (n = 16; 8.2%), erythema multiforme-like lesions (n = 12; 6.1%), varicella-like exanthema (n = 1; 0.5%), and urticaria (n = 1; 0.5%). Conclusions: This publication aims to summarise existing data on dermatoses and to draw attention to how identification of dermatological symptoms in paediatric patients can provide a quick and reliable indicator of COVID-19.

4.
Postepy Dermatol Alergol ; 38(6): 943-947, 2021 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1622749

ABSTRACT

Primary clinical manifestations of coronavirus disease are respiratory tract infections, ranging from an asymptomatic carrier state to severe interstitial pneumonia. The most common symptoms are fever, dry cough, fatigue, nausea, diarrhea, and loss of smell or taste. Recent reports indicate the possibility of several nonspecific dermatological symptoms. These include urticaria, maculopapular lesions, vascular lesions involving petechiae, purpura and livedo reticularis. The onset of cutaneous lesions may precede full-blown COVID-19 or remain the only manifestation of the disease (especially in young patients). Focusing on dermatological symptoms may be crucial for preventing the spread of SARS-CoV-2. However, unambiguous assessment of cutaneous manifestations of COVID-19 requires more research and case studies conducted by dermatologists.

5.
Curr Psychol ; : 1-10, 2021 Jun 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1286193

ABSTRACT

Currently, a very important thread of research on COVID-19 is to determine the dimension of the psychopathological emotional reactions induced by the COVID-19 pandemic. A non-experimental online research project was designed to determine the predictors of the severity of psychopathological symptoms, such as depression and PTSD symptoms, and the nature of the feedback mechanism between them in groups of men, remaining in hospital isolation due to infection and at-home isolation during the COVID-19 epidemic. The presence of symptoms of depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and a sense of threat due to the pandemic were assessed using the following screening tests: IES-R by Weiss and Marmar, PHQ-9 by Spitzer et al., and a self-constructed sliding scale for assessing COVID-19 anxiety. The study was carried out on a group of 57 firefighting cadets, hospitalized in a COVID-19 isolation room (Mage = 23.01), staying in isolation due to SARS-CoV-2 virus infection and a control group of 57 healthy men (Mage = 41.38) staying at home during quarantine and national lockdown. COVID-19 pandemic causes many psychopathological reactions. The predictive models revealed that the predictors of symptoms of PTSD in isolated patients included depression and the experienced sense of COVID-19 threat resulting from the disease, while in the control group the symptoms of depression were the only predictor of PTSD. PTSD experiences are usually associated with depression. It may also be a form of the re-experiencing process or the effect of high affectivity, indirectly confirmed by the participation of hyperarousal in the feedback loop. Our findings highlight the importance of mental health aspects in patients treated during the COVID-19 pandemic. The COVID-19 pandemic requires social distancing, quarantine and isolation, which may cause psychopathological symptoms not only in affected people, but also in the general population. Moreover, the need for greater psychological support can be emphasized for both: the sick and the general population.

6.
Int J Infect Dis ; 105: 209-215, 2021 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1085545

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of convalescent plasma (CP) transfusion in a group of high-risk COVID-19 patients. METHODS: This prospective study included 204 patients from a single tertiary-care hospital, hospitalized with COVID-19, of whom 102 were treated with CP administration and standard care (PG) and 102 others who received standard care only (CG). The CG was selected from 336 hospitalized patients using the propensity-score matching (PSM) technique using age, MEWS score, and comorbidities. The primary outcome was mortality rate; secondary outcomes were the requirement of a ventilator, length of ventilator need, length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay, and length of overall hospital confinement. Additionally, parameters predicting death in COVID-19 patients were identified. RESULTS: Findings confirmed a significantly lower mortality rate in the PG versus the CG (13.7% vs. 34.3 %, p = 0.001) and a significant difference in the cumulative incidence of death between the two groups (p < 0.001). CP treatment was associated with lower risk of death (OR = 0.25 CI95 [0.06; 0.91], p = 0.041). There were no significant differences in ICU stay, ventilator time, and hospitalization time between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: A significantly lower mortality rate was observed in the group of patients treated with CP. Age, presence of cardiac insufficiency, active cancer, a ventilator requirement, and length of hospitalization significantly increased the risk of death in both groups. Our study shows that CP affords better outcomes when administrated in the earlier stage of high-risk COVID-19 disease.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/therapy , Propensity Score , SARS-CoV-2 , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/mortality , Female , Hospitalization , Humans , Immunization, Passive , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies
7.
Prz Gastroenterol ; 15(4): 301-308, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1000507

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The first cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) were noted in December 2019 in Wuhan province, China. The World Health Organisation (WHO) announced the pandemic status on March 11, 2020. The manifestations of the disease are as follows: fever, cough, fatigue, anosmia and ageusia, dyspnoea, chest pain, muscle soreness, chills, sore throat, rhinitis, headache, gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms, and dermal lesions. AIM: To evaluate the relationship between dermal lesions and GI symptoms in a group of COVID-19 patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A group of 441 COVID-19 patients admitted to the Central Clinical Hospital of the Ministry of the Interior and Administration in Warsaw between March 15th and June 15th, 2020. RESULTS: Of 441 patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection, 255 (58.5%) experienced gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms: lack of appetite was reported in 124 (48.6%) cases, diarrhoea was noted in 109 (42.7%), abdominal pain in 95 (37.3%), vomiting in 37 (14.5%), and nausea in 32 (12.5%) cases. Eight (1.81%) patients had dermal lesions: erythematous macular lesions (2 patients - 25%), erythematous infiltrated lesions (2; 25%), erythematous infiltrated and exfoliative lesions (3; 37.5%), erythematous papular lesions (3; 37.5%), and erythematous oedematous lesions (2; 25%). All of those patients reported gastrointestinal symptoms during the hospitalisation. CONCLUSIONS: The following study analyses possible causes of dermal lesions and their coexistence with GI symptoms. Several possible theories were taken into account, including the microbiota alterations and issue of drug-related complications.

8.
J Dermatolog Treat ; 33(3): 1581-1584, 2022 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-977317

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Biologics are used for the treatment of patients with moderate to severe psoriasis. According to the recommendations of major global dermatological associations, patients who had not reported clinical symptoms or close contact with a confirmed/probable COVID-19 case in the last 14 days can continue biologic therapy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infection, its clinical manifestations and the influence of COVID-19 on the course of the underlying disease in patients with moderate to severe psoriasis and aggressive psoriatic arthritis undergoing biologic therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All 61 patients with moderate to severe psoriasis treated with biologics in the Dermatology Department of Central Clinical Hospital of Ministry of the Interior and Administration in Warsaw were enrolled into the study. Firstly, the medical histories of these patients were assessed for occurrence of severe adverse events, COVID-19 symptoms and deaths. Afterwards, the prevalence of serum anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies, and severity of COVID-19 were assessed. RESULTS: Ten patients in the study group have developed anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies. One patient presented with mild COVID-19 symptoms. CONCLUSION: While our study had a small sample size, ongoing biologic treatment in psoriasis was not associated with severe form of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Biological Products , COVID-19 , Psoriasis , Biological Products/therapeutic use , Biological Therapy , COVID-19/epidemiology , Humans , Prevalence , Psoriasis/complications , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Psoriasis/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2
9.
J Dermatolog Treat ; 33(2): 864-868, 2022 Mar.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-610621

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic spread to almost all countries in the world within a few months, necessitating changes in medical care for patients with SARS-CoV-2 infections as well as patients with various chronic diseases. Ensuring the safety of medical staff and patients in hospitals specializing in infectious diseases is a major logistical challenge. Psoriasis patients treated with immunosuppressive medications, including those under biologic therapy, are a special group. Many scientific societies do not recommend discontinuing therapy in patients without symptoms or confirmation of SARS-CoV-2 infection despite the potentially higher risk of respiratory tract infections in this patient population. Based on our own experience, we present the organization of the biologic therapy within the unit of a Single Specialty Infectious Hospital.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Dermatology , Education, Medical , Biological Therapy , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL