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Acta Veterinaria et Zootechnica Sinica ; 53(4):1173-1181, 2022.
Article in Chinese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1975364

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to establish a blocking ELISA antibodies detection method for porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV). The purified N protein was used as the coating antigen, and the ELISA reaction conditions were optimized by the chess rboard titration. A blocking ELISA method for detecting PEDV antibodies was established, and its specificity, sensitivity and repeatability tests were carried out. One hundred and forty clinical serum samples were tested, and the results were compared with commercially IDvet PEDV indirect ELISA antibodies detection kit. The results showed that the best antigen coating concentration was 625 ng.mL-1, and the best dilution ratio of serum was 1:1;The best dilution of the HRP-conjugated antibody working solution was 1:5 000;There was no cross-reaction with healthy pig serum and the positive sera of common pig disease pathogens, such as classical swine fever virus (CSFV), porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2), and transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV). The sensitivity of PEDV positive serum was 1:16, which was equivalent to that of IDvet ELISA kit (titer 1:32). The coefficient of variation of within-run and between-run repeatability test is less than 10%, so it showed that the blocking ELISA established in this study had good repeatability and stability;the kappa value of detected 140 clinical porcine serum using this method was 0.87 when compared with IDvet ELISA. The above results indicated that the established blocking ELISA method for detecting PEDV antibodies in this study could be applied to the prevention and control of PEDV, epidemiological investigation and the monitoring of antibody levels after vaccine immunization.

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