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1.
EuropePMC; 2021.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-312737

ABSTRACT

The SARS-CoV-2 virus has had a major impact on global human health. During the spread of SARS-CoV-2, weakened host immunity and the use of vaccines with low efficacy may result in the development of more virulent strains or strains with resistance to existing vaccines and antibodies. The prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 mutant strains differs among regions, and this variation may affect the effectiveness of vaccines. In this study, an epidemiological investigation of SARS-CoV-2 in Portugal was performed, and the VSV-ΔG-G* pseudovirus system was used to construct 12 S protein epidemic mutants, D614G, A222V+D614G, B.1.1.7, S477N+D614G, P1162R+D614G+A222V, D839Y+D614G, L176F+D614G, B.1.1.7+L216F, B.1.1.7+M740V, B.1.258, B.1.258+L1063F, and B.1.258+N751Y.The mutant pseudoviruses were used to infect four susceptible cell lines (i.e., Huh7, hACE2-293T, Vero, and LLC-MK2) and 14 cell lines overexpressing ACE2 from different species. Mutant strains did not show increased infectivity or cross-species transmission. Neutralization activity was evaluated using the newly constructed pseudoviruses, mouse serum, and 11 monoclonal antibodies. The neutralizing activity in immunized mouse serum was not significantly reduced for the mutant strains. Additionally, mutant strains in Portugal showed escape from 9 of 11 monoclonal antibodies. Neutralization resistance was mainly caused by the S477N, N439K, and N501Y mutations in the Spike receptor binding domain. These findings emphasize the importance of SARS-CoV-2 mutation tracking in different regions for epidemic prevention and control.

2.
Arch Virol ; 167(2): 459-470, 2022 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1653515

ABSTRACT

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has had a major impact on global human health. During the spread of SARS-CoV-2, weakened host immunity and the use of vaccines with low efficacy may result in the development of more-virulent strains or strains with resistance to existing vaccines and antibodies. The prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 mutant strains differs between regions, and this variation may have an impact on the effectiveness of vaccines. In this study, an epidemiological investigation of SARS-CoV-2 in Portugal was performed, and the VSV-ΔG-G* pseudovirus system was used to construct 12 spike protein epidemic mutants, D614G, A222V+D614G, B.1.1.7, S477N+D614G, P1162R+D614G+A222V, D839Y+D614G, L176F+D614G, B.1.1.7+L216F, B.1.1.7+M740V, B.1.258, B.1.258+L1063F, and B.1.258+N751Y. The mutant pseudoviruses were used to infect four susceptible cell lines (Huh7, hACE2-293T-293T, Vero, and LLC-MK2) and 14 cell lines overexpressing ACE2 from different species. Mutant strains did not show increased infectivity or cross-species transmission. Neutralization activity against these pseudoviruses was evaluated using mouse serum and 11 monoclonal antibodies. The neutralizing activity of immunized mouse serum was not significantly reduced with the mutant strains, but the mutant strains from Portugal could evade nine of the 11 monoclonal antibodies tested. Neutralization resistance was mainly caused by the mutations S477N, N439K, and N501Y in the spike-receptor binding domain. These findings emphasize the importance of SARS-CoV-2 mutation tracking in different regions for epidemic prevention and control.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Animals , Antibodies, Neutralizing , Humans , Mice , Mutation , Portugal/epidemiology , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/genetics
3.
Bioorg Chem ; 116: 105309, 2021 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1372894

ABSTRACT

Six new polyketone metabolites, compounds (1-6) and seven known polyketone compounds (7-13) were isolated from Rhodiola tibetica endophytic fungus Alternaria sp. The structural elucidation of five new polyketone metabolites were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic including 2D NMR and HRMS and spectrometric analysis. Inhibition rate evaluation revealed that compounds 1(EC50 = 0.02 mM), 3(EC50 = 0.3 mM), 6(EC50 = 0.07 mM), 8(EC50 = 0.1 mM) and 9(EC50 = 0.04 mM) had inhibitory effect on the SARS-CoV-2 virus.


Subject(s)
Alternaria/chemistry , Antiviral Agents/isolation & purification , Antiviral Agents/pharmacology , Ketones/isolation & purification , Ketones/pharmacology , Polymers/isolation & purification , Polymers/pharmacology , SARS-CoV-2/drug effects , Antiviral Agents/chemistry , Humans , Ketones/chemistry , Molecular Structure , Polymers/chemistry
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