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Microb Genom ; 8(6)2022 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2042679


Emerging evidence has identified viral circular RNAs (circRNAs) in human cells infected by viruses, interfering with the immune system and inducing diseases including human cancer. However, the biogenesis and regulatory mechanisms of virus-encoded circRNAs in host cells remain unknown. In this study, we used the circRNA detection tool CIRI2 to systematically determine the virus-encoded circRNAs in virus-infected cancer cell lines and cancer patients, by analysing RNA-Seq datasets derived from RNase R-treated samples. Based on the thousands of viral circRNAs we identified, the biological characteristics and potential roles of viral circRNAs in regulating host cell function were determined. In addition, we developed a Viral-circRNA Database (, which is open to all users to search, browse and download information on circRNAs encoded by viruses upon infection.

RNA, Circular , Viruses , Cell Line , Humans , RNA/genetics , RNA/metabolism , RNA, Circular/genetics , Viruses/genetics
Chinese Journal of Nosocomiology ; 32(8):1271-1275, 2022.
Article in English, Chinese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2011252


OBJECTIVE: COVID-19 continues to spread globally, which poses a significant threat to global public health security. Recently, the emergence of new variant strains of SARS-CoV-2 complicates the containment of COVID-19 due to its rapid transmission, high infectivity, high viral load, atypical symptoms and high number of severe cases. In order to further understand the transmission route, pathogenesis and pathological changes of COVID-19, and accelerate the research and development of antiviral drugs and vaccines, animal models of COVID-19 have played an important role in this process. The status of research on different animal models of COVID-19 was reviewed, the characteristics were compared among the models so as to provide theoretical basis for selecting appropriate animal models of COVID-19.

Front Med (Lausanne) ; 7: 568201, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-948037


Since the outbreak of the coronavirus epidemic, the "virtual" telemedicine has become a critical substitute for patient-provider interactions. However, virtual encounters often face challenges in the care of patients in high-risk categories such as chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. In this study, we explore the patient's satisfaction and the practical effects of a newly established telemedicine program on CKD patients' care during the COVID-19 pandemic. Based on a prior version of an online patient care platform established in 2017, we developed a customized and improved online telemedicine program designed to specifically address the challenges emerging from the pandemic. This included an online, smart phone-based strategy for triage and medical care delivery and psychological support. We invited a total of 278 CKD patients to join the new platform during the pandemic. The subjects in group A were patients utilizing our old online CKD system and were historical users registered at least 3 months before the pandemic. A pilot survey interrogating medical and psychological conditions was conducted. Feedback on the program as well as a psychological assessment were collected after 1 month. In total, 181 patients showed active responses to the program, with 289 person-time medical consultations occurring during the study. The virtual care program provided a rapid triage for 17% (30 out of 181) patients, with timely referral to in-patient medical encounters for their worsening medical conditions or severe psychological problems. Nearly all patients (97.4%) believed the program was helpful. The number of symptoms (OR 1.309, 95%CI 1.113-1.541; P = 0.001) and being enrolled during the pandemic (OR 3.939, 95% CI 1.174-13.221; P = 0.026) were associated with high stress. During the follow-up, the high-stress CKD group at baseline showed a significant decrease in avoidance score (6.9 ± 4.7 vs. 9.8 ± 1.9, P = 0.015). In conclusion, during the pandemic, we established an online telemedicine care program for CKD patients that provides a rapid triage function, effective CKD disease management, and potentially essential psychological support.