Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 10 de 10
Filter
1.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; 33(12):1121-1126, 2021.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-1975568

ABSTRACT

This study introduces the current status of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic, the adjustment of response initiatives, and the global variation of novel coronaviruses and vaccination in Europe, the United States, Japan, and Singapore. It summarizes the achievements in prevention and control efforts in China during COVID-19 epidemic. In addition, it describes the key public health issues in Chinese response strategy that includes: promoting the establishment of a population immunization system;optimizing health certification by unifying health codes, trip codes, and vaccine passes as a triple-identification at the national level;retaining nucleic acid testing as a technical means of detecting the source of infection and epidemiological investigation of close contacts;adhering to the requirements of public places, public transportation and other measures such as wearing masks;strengthening the surveillance of COVID-19 and respiratory infectious diseases;normalizing the timing of implementation of prevention and control strategies.

2.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; 33(3):248-253, 2021.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-1975557

ABSTRACT

This article summarized the laws and regulations on the prevention and control of infectious diseases, classification of infectious diseases, and measures for the prevention and control of infectious diseases in Japan. It focused on the containment of spread of infectious diseases, classification and categorization in the treatment and quarantine. In addition, the response to the novel coronavirus pneumonia in the early stage of transmission in Japan was introduced. Moreover, we propose specific suggestions to improve the system of laws and regulations on the prevention and control of infectious diseases in China, improve the classification of infectious diseases, clarify the rights and obligations of governments at all levels, establish medical facilities with"classification and combination of normal and emergency situations"for the treatment of infectious diseases, practice emergency simulation exercises regularly, and improve risk communication.

3.
Clinical eHealth ; 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1936135

ABSTRACT

Background The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a global pandemic acute infectious disease, especially with the features of possible asymptomatic carriers and high contagiousness. Currently, it is difficult to quickly identify asymptomatic cases or COVID-19 patients with pneumonia due to limited access to reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) nucleic acid tests and CT scans. Goal This study aimed to develop a scientific and rigorous clinical diagnostic tool for the rapid prediction of COVID-19 cases based on a COVID-19 clinical case database in China, and to assist doctors to efficiently and precisely diagnose asymptomatic COVID-19 patients and cases who had a false-negative RT-PCR test result. Methods With online consent, and the approval of the ethics committee of Zhongshan Hospital Fudan University (NCT04275947, B2020-032R) to ensure that patient privacy is protected, clinical information has been uploaded in real-time through the New Coronavirus Intelligent Auto-diagnostic Assistant Application of cloud plus terminal (nCapp) by doctors from different cities (Wuhan, Shanghai, Harbin, Dalian, Wuxi, Qingdao, Rizhao, and Bengbu) during the COVID-19 outbreak in China. By quality control and data anonymization on the platform, a total of 3,249 cases from COVID-19 high-risk groups were collected. The effects of different diagnostic factors were ranked based on the results from a single factor analysis, with 0.05 as the significance level for factor inclusion and 0.1 as the significance level for factor exclusion. Independent variables were selected by the step-forward multivariate logistic regression analysis to obtain the probability model. Findings We applied the statistical method of a multivariate regression model to the training dataset (1,624 cases) and developed a prediction model for COVID-19 with 9 clinical indicators that are accessible. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) for the model was 0.88 (95% CI: 0.86, 0.89) in the training dataset and 0.84 (95% CI: 0.82, 0.86) in the validation dataset (1,625 cases). Discussion With the assistance of nCapp, a mobile-based diagnostic tool developed from a large database that we collected from COVID-19 high-risk groups in China, frontline doctors can rapidly identify asymptomatic patients and avoid misdiagnoses of cases with false-negative RT-PCR results.

4.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; 33(4):335-339, 2021.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-1924833

ABSTRACT

Objective: To characterize the mortality rate of residents in Minhang District of Shanghai from January to April in 2016-2020, and to determine the change in the epidemic Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in 2020.

5.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; 18(5): 2055373, 2022 11 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1784265

ABSTRACT

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) variants have been reported to be resistant to several neutralizing antibodies (NAbs) targeting Receptor Binding Domain (RBD) and N Terminal Domain (NTD) of spike (S) protein and thus inducing immune escape. However, fewer studies were carried out to investigate the neutralizing ability of S2-specific antibodies. In this research, 10 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) targeting SARS-CoV-2 S2 subunit were generated from Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) convalescent patients by phage display technology and molecular cloning technology. The binding activity of these S2-mAbs toward SARS-CoV-2 S, SARS-CoV-2 S2, SARS-CoV-2 RBD, SARS-CoV-2 NTD, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) S, SARS-CoV S2 and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) S proteins were evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Their neutralizing potency toward SARS-CoV-2 wild-type (WT), B.1.1.7, B.1.351, P.1, B.1.617.2, B.1.1.1 and B.1.621 variants were determined by pseudo-virus-based neutralization assay. Results showed that S2E7-mAb had cross-activity to S or S2 proteins of SARS-CoV-2, SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV, while with limited neutralizing activity to pseudo-viruses of SARS-CoV-2 WT and variants. It is undeniable that the binding and neutralizing activities of the S2-targeting mAbs are significantly weaker than the previously reported antibodies targeting RBD and NTD, but our study may provide some evidences for understanding immune protection and identifying targets for vaccine design based on the conserved S2 subunit.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Antibodies, Neutralizing , Antibodies, Viral , Humans , Neutralization Tests , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/genetics
6.
Disaster Med Public Health Prep ; : 1-7, 2021 May 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1233659

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Community responses are important for the management of early-phase outbreaks of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Perceived susceptibility and severity are considered key elements that motivate people to adopt nonpharmaceutical interventions. This study aimed to (i) explore perceived susceptibility and severity of the COVID-19 pandemic, (ii) examine the practice of nonpharmaceutical interventions, and (iii) assess the potential association of perceived COVID-19 susceptibility and severity with the practice of nonpharmaceutical interventions among people living in Afghanistan. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used, using online surveys disseminated from April to May 2020. Convenience sampling was used to recruit the participants of this study. The previously developed scales were used to assess the participants' demographic information, perceived risk of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, and perceived severity of COVID-19. Multivariate analyses were conducted to assess the potential association of perceived COVID-19 susceptibility and severity with the practice of nonpharmaceutical interventions. RESULTS: The Internet was the main source for obtaining COVID-19 information among participants in this study. While 45.8% of the participants believed it was "very unlikely" for them to get infected with COVID-19, 76.7% perceived COVID-19 as a severe disease. Similarly, 37.5% believed the chance of being cured if infected with COVID-19 is "unlikely/very unlikely." The majority of participants (95.6%) perceived their health to be in "good" and "very good" status. Overall, 74.2% mentioned that they stopped visiting public places, 49.7% started using gloves, and 70.4% started wearing a mask. Participants who believed they have a low probability of survival if infected with COVID-19 were more likely to wear masks and practice hand washing. CONCLUSIONS: It appears that communities' psychological and behavioral responses were affected by the early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic in Afghanistan, especially among young Internet users. The findings gained from a timely behavioral assessment of the community might be useful to develop interventions and risk communication strategies in epidemics within and beyond COVID-19.

9.
Clinical eHealth ; 3:7-15, 2020.
Article in English | PMC | ID: covidwho-822402

ABSTRACT

The aim is to diagnose COVID-19 earlier and to improve its treatment by applying medical technology, the “COVID-19 Intelligent Diagnosis and Treatment Assistant Program (nCapp)” based on the Internet of Things. Terminal eight functions can be implemented in real-time online communication with the “cloud” through the page selection key. According to existing data, questionnaires, and check results, the diagnosis is automatically generated as confirmed, suspected, or suspicious of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infection. It classifies patients into mild, moderate, severe or critical pneumonia. nCapp can also establish an online COVID-19 real-time update database, and it updates the model of diagnosis in real time based on the latest real-world case data to improve diagnostic accuracy. Additionally, nCapp can guide treatment. Front-line physicians, experts, and managers are linked to perform consultation and prevention. nCapp also contributes to the long-term follow-up of patients with COVID-19. The ultimate goal is to enable different levels of COVID-19 diagnosis and treatment among different doctors from different hospitals to upgrade to the national and international through the intelligent assistance of the nCapp system. In this way, we can block disease transmission, avoid physician infection, and epidemic prevention and control as soon as possible.

10.
SSRN; 2020.
Preprint | SSRN | ID: ppcovidwho-719

ABSTRACT

Background: Since the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in Wuhan in late 2019, China has been implementing an unprecedented quarantine strategy cover

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL