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1.
AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses ; 38(4): 257-268, 2022 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34498980

ABSTRACT

Dapivirine (DPV), formulated as vaginal ring, demonstrated HIV risk reduction. MTN-026 explored DPV, formulated as rectal gel, for safety, pharmacokinetics (PK), and acceptability. HIV-uninfected men and women aged 18-45 years were enrolled at United States and Thailand sites and randomized 2:1 to receive DPV 0.05% or placebo gel via rectal applicator. A single-dose phase was followed by seven observed daily doses. Plasma and fluid and tissue from both rectum and cervix were collected at baseline and after the final dose over 72 h for PK, ex-vivo HIV-1 biopsy challenge, histology, and flow cytometry. Twenty-eight participants were randomized; 2 terminated early; 9 were female and 19 male; 12 were white, 11 Asian, 4 black, and 1 other race/ethnicity. Mean age was 28.5 and 34.2 years in the DPV and placebo arms, respectively. Thirty adverse events occurred (all Grade 1 or 2, except one unrelated Grade 3) without study arm differences. DPV rectal tissue concentrations [median (interquartile range)] 0.5-1 and 2 h after a single dose were 256 ng/g [below the lower limit of quantification (BLQ)-666] and BLQ (BLQ-600), respectively, then BLQ (BLQ-BLQ) from 24 to 72 h; concentrations following multiple doses were similar. The largest median DPV plasma concentrations were 0.33 ng/mL (0.15-0.48) after one dose and 0.40 (0.33-0.49) after seven doses. The DPV rectal gel was acceptable and without safety concerns. While DPV plasma concentrations were similar to the vaginal ring, rectal tissue concentrations were well below vaginal ring tissue concentrations, suggesting need for reformulation. Clinical trial number: NCT03239483.


Subject(s)
Anti-HIV Agents , HIV Infections , HIV-1 , Adult , Female , Gels , HIV Infections/drug therapy , HIV Infections/prevention & control , Humans , Male , Pyrimidines , United States
2.
J Clin Sleep Med ; 18(2): 541-551, 2022 02 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34534069

ABSTRACT

STUDY OBJECTIVES: The applicability of sleep-related scales to frontline medical staff for the COVID-19 pandemic has not been fully proved, so sleep survey results lack credibility and accuracy, creating difficulties for the guidance and treatment of frontline medical staff with sleep disorders, which is not conducive to the prevention and control of COVID-19. This study sought to analyze the reliability and validity of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) among frontline medical staff fighting the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: A network questionnaire survey was used to investigate the PSQI among frontline medical staff who fought COVID-19 in Wuhan, China from March 19 to April 15, 2020. Combined with classical test theory and item response theory, the content validity, internal consistency, construct validity, and other aspects of the PSQI were evaluated. RESULTS: According to classical test theory, content validity, criterion validity, and construct validity of the PSQI were good. But the internal consistency was better after the deletion of the "daytime dysfunction" subscale. With regard to item response theory, difficulty, the differential item function, and the Wright map performed well. CONCLUSIONS: The original PSQI showed acceptable applicability in frontline COVID-19 medical staff, and its characteristics moderately improved after the "daytime dysfunction" subscale was removed. CITATION: Wang L, Wu Y-X, Lin Y-Q, et al. Reliability and validity of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index among frontline COVID-19 health care workers using classical test theory and item response theory. J Clin Sleep Med. 2022;18(2):541-551.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Health Personnel , Humans , Pandemics , Reproducibility of Results , SARS-CoV-2 , Sleep Quality , Surveys and Questionnaires
3.
Nat Commun ; 14(1): 585, 2023 Feb 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36737448

ABSTRACT

Winter Arctic sea-ice concentration (SIC) decline plays an important role in Arctic amplification which, in turn, influences Arctic ecosystems, midlatitude weather and climate. SIC over the Barents-Kara Seas (BKS) shows large interannual variations, whose origin is still unclear. Here we find that interannual variations in winter BKS SIC have significantly strengthened in recent decades likely due to increased amplitudes of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) in a warming climate. La Niña leads to enhanced Atlantic Hadley cell and a positive phase North Atlantic Oscillation-like anomaly pattern, together with concurring Ural blocking, that transports Atlantic ocean heat and atmospheric moisture toward the BKS and promotes sea-ice melting via intensified surface warming. The reverse is seen during El Niño which leads to weakened Atlantic poleward transport and an increase in the BKS SIC. Thus, interannual variability of the BKS SIC partly originates from ENSO via the Atlantic pathway.

4.
J Med Chem ; 2023 Feb 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36734825

ABSTRACT

Recent studies demonstrate that PLK4 has emerged as a therapeutic target for the treatment of multiple cancers owing to its indispensable role in cell division. Herein, starting from previously identified effective compound CZS-034, based on rational drug design strategies, tyrosine kinase receptor A (TRKA) selectivity- and metabolic stability-guided structure-activity relationship (SAR) exploration were carried out to discover a highly potent (IC50 = 2.6 nM) and selective (SF = 1054.4 over TRKA) PLK4 inhibitor B43 (CZS-241) with acceptable human liver microsome stability (t1/2 = 31.5 min). Moreover, compound B43 effectively inhibited leukemia cells in 29 tested cell lines, especially chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cell lines K562 and KU-812. Pharmacokinetic characteristics revealed that compound B43 possessed over 4 h of half-life and 70.8% bioavailability in mice. In the K562 cells xenograft mouse model, a 20 mg/kg/day dosage treatment obviously suppressed tumor progression. As a potential and novel PLK4-targeted candidate drug for CML, compound B43 is undergoing extensive preclinical safety evaluation.

5.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 1861, 2023 Feb 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36732567

ABSTRACT

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a cancer with a high metastatic rate and poor prognosis. Growing studies suggest that ferroptosis take part in the development of tumours. At the same time, the connection between ferroptosis-related genes (FRGs) and the prognosis of NPC remains unclear. In this study, we explored the dysregulated FRGs between normal control and tumour samples of NPC. Firstly, 14 of 36 differentially expressed FRGs were identified in NPC tissues compared to normal tissues, among which ABCC1, GLS2, CS and HMGCR were associated with poor prognosis for patients. The four ferroptosis genes were used for consensus cluster analysis and two risk-related FRGs (ABCC1 and GLS2) were used in a risk model. The ROC curve revealed the good predictive performance of this risk signature. Multivariate analysis revealed that risk score and intratumoral TILs were independent risk factors linked to prognosis. Additionally, our results suggested that the risk signature was attached to the immune microenvironment. Moreover, the NPC patients with high risk were sensitive to chemotherapeutic drugs including axitinib, docetaxel, embelin, epothilone.B, parthenolide, thapsigargin, tipifarnib, vinorelbine. Finally, the expression of ABCC1 and GLS2 was validated in NPC tissues using immunohistochemistry. Together, these results revealed ferroptosis may be a potential biomarker in NPC and representing a promising future direction in prognosis and therapeutic strategy for the treatment of NPC.

6.
Immunol Invest ; : 1-21, 2023 Feb 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36731128

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: M2-type macrophages are inflammation-suppressing cells that are differentiated after induction by cytokines such as IL-4 or IL-13, which play an important regulatory role in inflammation and influence the regression of inflammation-related diseases. All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) has an important role in suppressing immune-mediated inflammatory responses but the effect and underlying mechanism of ATRA on the polarization of M2 macrophages remains unclear. METHODS: Macrophages were isolated from peritoneal wash fluid, and IL-4 (20 ng/mL) was used to construct a m2-type macrophage polarization model. The model was incubated with different concentrations of ATRA (15 µg/ml, 30 µg/ml, 45 µg/ml) for 24 h, and pretreated macrophages with p38MAPKα inhibitor SB202190 (20 µM). MTT, Trypan blue staining, Annexin V-PE/7-AAD staining, flow cytometry, real-time PCR and western blotting were used to investigate the effect and mechanism of ATRA on the polarization of M2 macrophages. RESULTS: Compared with the IL-4 group, the proportion of F4/80+CD206+ M2-type macrophages was significantly higher in the ATRA group (P < 0.01). mRNA and protein expression levels of Arg-1, IL-10 and TGF-ß1 were as significantly higher (P < 0.01) in the ATRA group as phosphorylation levels of STAT6 and p38MAPK (P < 0.01). After pretreatment with the addition of the inhibitor SB202190, M2-type macrophages proportion and their associated factors expression were significantly (P < 0.01) reduced, as compared with those in the ATRA group, but they were comparable (P > 0.05) with the IL-4 group. CONCLUSION: The combination of ATRA and IL-4 activated the p38MAPK/STAT6-signaling pathway to promote polarization of M2 macrophages.

7.
Sci Total Environ ; : 161835, 2023 Jan 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36731559

ABSTRACT

With the application of plastic products, phthalates now widely occur in various environmental media. A large number of ecological risk assessment experiments have only been carried out on a single medium such as water or sediment. There are few reports of ecological risk assessments based on the phase states of phthalic acid esters (PAEs) such as the free dissolved state and the dissolved organic carbon (DOC) adsorption state. In this study, the concentrations of the free dissolved state, the DOC adsorption state, and the easily released PAEs in the sediments, as well as the dissolved organic carbon release potential and their influencing factors were calculated in the Dongzhaigang water body. The potential ecological risks posed by state-of-the-art PAEs were investigated. The average concentration of six freely dissolved PAEs in water was 0.542 (0.226-1.115) µg/L, accounting for 76.3 % of the total PAEs. The PAEs with the highest concentrations in the free dissolved state were di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP, 0.383 µg/L), followed by Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP, 0.094 µg/L). The average concentration of all six PAEs (∑6PAEs) adsorbed by the DOC in the water was 0.172 µg/L, accounting for 23.74 % of all of the PAEs. The DOC-adsorbed DEHP (0.148 µg/L) accounted for about 86 % of the six adsorbed PAEs. Sediment organic carbon may affect the release potential of the DOC through changing the soluble organic carbon concentration. Most types of PAEs in water posed low risk to organisms. However, DBP posed low and medium risk to algae and crustaceans, and medium risk to fish. Medium or high risk of DEHP to algae, crustaceans and fish was observed. The high ecological risk of PAEs related to sediments were only found at S13 and S14. Generally, the potential ecological risk of PAEs in sediment was more stable than that in water bodies.

8.
Asian J Surg ; 2023 Jan 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36732198
9.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2023 Feb 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36726240

ABSTRACT

Sex pheromones play an essential role when moths are searching for mates. Male olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) are the primary determinant during peripheral pheromone recognition. Here, we identified the sex pheromones of a global agricultural pest, Mythimna loreyi, using gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry and electroantennographic detection. Nine pheromone components were identified, including (Z)-9-tetradecen-1-yl acetate (Z9-14:OAc), (Z)-7-dodecen-1-yl acetate (Z7-12:OAc), and (Z)-11-hexadecen-1-yl acetate (Z11-16:OAc), and the first two elicited electrophysiological activities in the male antennae. Trichoid sensilla were classified into four functional types on the basis of neuronal responses to pheromones by single sensillum recording. Five functional ORNs were involved in recognizing pheromones and pheromone analogues. Finally, a field bioassay revealed that a blend of Z9-14:OAc, Z7-12:OAc, and Z11-16:OAc at a ratio of 100:8.8:19.7 was highly efficient for trapping males. Our results uncover the pheromone recognition mechanism in M. loreyi and provide a novel angle for developing efficient sex attractants of pests on the basis of screening the peripheral olfactory neurons.

10.
Nature ; 2023 Feb 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36725930

ABSTRACT

Tissues derive ATP from two pathways-glycolysis and the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle coupled to the electron transport chain. Most energy in mammals is produced via TCA metabolism1. In tumours, however, the absolute rates of these pathways remain unclear. Here we optimize tracer infusion approaches to measure the rates of glycolysis and the TCA cycle in healthy mouse tissues, Kras-mutant solid tumours, metastases and leukaemia. Then, given the rates of these two pathways, we calculate total ATP synthesis rates. We find that TCA cycle flux is suppressed in all five primary solid tumour models examined and is increased in lung metastases of breast cancer relative to primary orthotopic tumours. As expected, glycolysis flux is increased in tumours compared with healthy tissues (the Warburg effect2,3), but this increase is insufficient to compensate for low TCA flux in terms of ATP production. Thus, instead of being hypermetabolic, as commonly assumed, solid tumours generally produce ATP at a slower than normal rate. In mouse pancreatic cancer, this is accommodated by the downregulation of protein synthesis, one of this tissue's major energy costs. We propose that, as solid tumours develop, cancer cells shed energetically expensive tissue-specific functions, enabling uncontrolled growth despite a limited ability to produce ATP.

11.
Adipocyte ; 2023 Feb 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36722834

ABSTRACT

Low meat performance is the defect of Small Tail Han sheep. Intramuscular fat affects meat quality and largely determined by adipogenesis. In previous study, miR136 was showed one of differentially expressed microRNAs between preadipocytes and mature adipocytes of Small Tail Han sheep but its role in adipogenesis is still not elucidated. Here, we investigated the effect of miR136 on adipogenesis and the underlying mechanism. qPCR data showed that miR136 level increased with preadipocytes proliferation while declined with preadipocytes differentiation. Moreover, miR136 mimics blocked lipid droplet formation, reduced lipid content and triglyceride accumulation while miR136 inhibitor showed the opposite effects, revealing that miR136 promoted preadipocytes proliferation but inhibited preadipocytes differentiation. Bioinformatics and biochemical validation manifested that PPARGC1B was a target of miR136. Furthermore, miR136 mimics decreased the expression of PPARγ and C/EBPα accompanied by PPARGC1B expression descending. Reverse effects were observed with miR136 inhibitor. Besides, overexpression of miR136 elevated IGF1 expression. Collectively, our data first exhibited a regulatory role of miR136 in adipogenesis, which is promoting preadipocytes proliferation through elevating IGF1 expression while inhibiting preadipocytes differentiation through targeting PPARGC1B and further declined PPARγ and C/EBPα expression. The modulation of PPARGC1B by miR136 may provide a new potential target for increasing intramuscular fat content.

12.
J Phys Chem Lett ; : 1310-1317, 2023 Feb 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36724202

ABSTRACT

Boron-rich compounds have attracted much attention due to their interesting structures and excellent properties. Here, we performed an extensive study on the different B-P stoichiometries under pressure by combining a particle swarm optimization method with first-principles calculations. At 1 atm, BP and B6P are thermodynamically stable, while other stoichiometries are metastable. Under pressure, BP and B6P remain stable relative to constituent pure solids up to 80 GPa, while other stoichiometries become unstable at relatively low pressures. A new Cmca B6P is predicted with the lowest energy at 1 atm and shows higher shear strain than the R3̅m structure, which is known to be more resistant to brittle fracture than B4C. Moreover, the predicted Pm B8P is a magnetic semiconductor with a magnetic moment of 1 µB. All these boron-rich phosphides are hard materials. The present results enrich the B-P phase diagram and promote extensive research on their excellent properties.

13.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 2023 Jan 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36718115

ABSTRACT

The residues of organophosphorus pesticides (OPs) have drawn worldwide increasing attention because of their potential fatal effects on human health and ecological systems. It is of great significance to develop an efficient and portable method for in-field detection of OPs. Herein, a novel core-shell nanocomposite of prussian blue@Fe-covalent organic framework@Au (PB@Fe-COF@Au) was constructed. Fe2+ and Fe3+ in PB nanoparticle (PBNP) cores, Fe-porphyrin in COF shells, and AuNPs grown on shells all acted as peroxidase-like catalytic active sites, enabling PB@Fe-COF@Au to possess triplet peroxidase-like activity. A colorimetric, affordable, sensitive, and selective strategy was designed to detect OPs. Compared with previous reports, this sensor realized a wider linear range for chlorpyrifos of 10-800 ng mL-1 with a relatively lower detection limit of 0.61 ng mL-1, which was attributed to the overlapping triple catalytic sites of PB@Fe-COF@Au and triple response sites to OPs. The assay was successfully employed to detect chlorpyrifos in food and environmental samples. Moreover, to meet the demand of in-field detection for OPs, a spherical hydrogel method based on PB@Fe-COF@Au with visual, portable, and equipment-free features was fabricated. This work provides a new pathway to design and apply effective nanozymes for on-site monitoring of pesticides.

14.
Mater Today Bio ; 19: 100557, 2023 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36714199

ABSTRACT

Regulatory T cells (Tregs) display great promise in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) therapy. However, their low number and differentiation rate limit their further application in the clinics. In the present study, we first optimized a combination of IL-2, TGF-ß and cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor AS2863619 (IL-2/TGF-ß/AS), which could induce Tregs with high efficiency in vitro. After the induced Tregs (iTregs) were confirmed to suppress lymphocyte proliferation and pro-inflammatory T help cells (Th1 and Th17) activation, a chitosan-stabilized nanoparticle drug delivery system (NDDS) was developed according to the optimized formula of IL-2/TGF-ß/AS. In vivo study, the NDDS was injected into the knees of mice with collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). As a result, the NDDS remarkably reduced the pathological score of the CIA, alleviated the inflammatory cell infiltration and synovial hyperplasia, and minimized cartilage tissue damage in the knee joint of the CIA mice. Mechanically, the NDDS administration promoted Treg differentiation and decreased Th17 production, consequently reversing the ratio of Treg/Th17, and reducing the secretion of TNF-α in the sera, which facilitated to relieve the severity and progression of arthritis. In sum, NDDS capable of efficiently inducing Tregs were constructed successfully and provided a potential platform for treating RA by restoring the equilibrium of Treg/Th17 destroyed in RA.

15.
Res Sq ; 2023 Jan 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36711754

ABSTRACT

Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) mediated phosphorylation inactivates the anaphase-promoting complex (APC/CCDH1), an E3 ubiquitin ligase that contains the co-activator CDH1, to promote G1/S transition. PIN1 is a phosphorylation-directed proline isomerase and a master cancer signaling regulator. However, little are known about APC/CCDH1 regulation after phosphorylation and about PIN1 ubiquitin ligases. Here we uncover a domain-oriented reciprocal inhibition that controls the timely G1/S transition: The non-phosphorylated APC/CCDH1 E3 ligase targets PIN1 for degradation in G1 phase, restraining G1/S transition; APC/CCDH1 itself, after phosphorylation by CDKs, is inactivated by PIN1-catalyzed isomerization, promoting G1/S transition. In cancer, PIN1 overexpression and APC/CCDH1 inactivation reinforce each other to promote uncontrolled proliferation and tumorigenesis. Importantly, combined PIN1- and CDK4/6-inhibition reactivates APC/CCDH1 resulting in PIN1 degradation and an insurmountable G1 arrest that translates into synergistic anti-tumor activity against triple-negative breast cancer in vivo. Reciprocal inhibition of PIN1 and APC/CCDH1 is a novel mechanism to control timely G1/S transition that can be harnessed for synergistic anti-cancer therapy.

16.
Nano Lett ; 2023 Jan 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36715576

ABSTRACT

Despite the rapid progress in perovskite light-emitting diodes (PeLEDs), the electroluminescence performance of large-area perovskite devices lags far behind that of laboratory-size ones. Here, we report a 3.5 cm × 3.5 cm large-area PeLED with a record-high external quantum efficiency of 12.1% by creating an amphipathic molecular interface modifier of betaine citrate (BC) between the perovskite layer and the underlying hole transport layer (HTL). It is found that the surface wettability for various HTLs can be efficiently improved as a result of the coexistence of methyl and carboxyl groups in the BC molecules that makes favorable groups to selectively contact with the HTL surface and increases the surface free energy, which greatly facilitates the scalable process of solution-processed perovskite films. Moreover, the luminous performance of perovskite emitters is simultaneously enhanced through the coordination between C═O in the carboxyl groups and Pb dangling bonds.

17.
Mil Med Res ; 10(1): 4, 2023 Jan 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36710340

ABSTRACT

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common type of degenerative joint disease which affects 7% of the global population and more than 500 million people worldwide. One research frontier is the development of hydrogels for OA treatment, which operate either as functional scaffolds of tissue engineering or as delivery vehicles of functional additives. Both approaches address the big challenge: establishing stable integration of such delivery systems or implants. Adhesive hydrogels provide possible solutions to this challenge. However, few studies have described the current advances in using adhesive hydrogel for OA treatment. This review summarizes the commonly used hydrogels with their adhesion mechanisms and components. Additionally, recognizing that OA is a complex disease involving different biological mechanisms, the bioactive therapeutic strategies are also presented. By presenting the adhesive hydrogels in an interdisciplinary way, including both the fields of chemistry and biology, this review will attempt to provide a comprehensive insight for designing novel bioadhesive systems for OA therapy.


Subject(s)
Hydrogels , Osteoarthritis , Humans , Hydrogels/therapeutic use , Adhesives/therapeutic use , Tissue Engineering , Osteoarthritis/therapy
18.
Arch Virol ; 168(2): 76, 2023 Jan 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36709234

ABSTRACT

Porcine circovirus-like virus (PCLV) is a recently discovered virus that may be associated with diarrhea in pigs. To investigate the epidemic profile and genetic characteristics of this virus, 175 clinical samples (141 intestinal samples, 17 blood samples, and 17 fecal samples) were collected from diseased piglets during outbreaks of diarrhea from 33 pig farms in 19 cities of Henan and Shanxi provinces of China between 2016 and 2021 and were screened by PCR for the presence of PCLV. The results showed that the positive rate for PCLV was 32% (56/175) at the sample level, 60.6% (20/33) at the farm level, and 57.9% (11/19) at the city level, which varied from 5.88% to 44.12% between 2016 and 2021. It was also found that PCLV occurred in coinfections with porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2), PCV3, PCV4, porcine epidemic diarrhea virus, and porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus, but no nucleic acids were detected for transmissible gastroenteritis virus, porcine deltacoronavirus, or porcine rotavirus in piglets with diarrhea. Notably, PCLV was detected in 13 diarrheal piglets from four different farms that were negative for the other porcine viruses. These findings suggest that PCLV may be associated with porcine diarrhea and that it has been circulating in piglets in Henan and Shanxi provinces of China. In addition, the complete genomes of 13 PCLV strains were sequenced and found to share 35.4%-91.0% nucleotide sequence identity with sequences available in the GenBank database. Phylogenetic analysis based on Rep amino acid sequences revealed that the 13 PCLV strains from this study clustered in group 1 and were closely related to eight Chinese PCLV strains, Bo-Circo-like virus CH, American strains 21 and 22, and Hungarian strains 288_4 and 302_4, but they differed genetically from seven other foreign PCLV strains. The whole genome and rep gene of 13 PCLV strains in this study were 72.2%-82% and 83.8%-89.7% identical, respectively, to those of Bo-Circo-like virus strain CH, indicating that PCLV is a novel virus in pigs that may be involved in cross-species transmission. Evidence of a recombination event was found in the rep region of the 13 PCLV strains sequenced. This study enriches the epidemiological data on PCLV infection in pigs in China and lays a foundation for further study on the pathogenesis of PCLV.


Subject(s)
Circoviridae Infections , Circovirus , Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus , Swine Diseases , Swine , Animals , Circovirus/genetics , Phylogeny , Diarrhea/epidemiology , Diarrhea/veterinary , Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , China/epidemiology , Swine Diseases/epidemiology , Circoviridae Infections/epidemiology , Circoviridae Infections/veterinary
19.
Front Psychol ; 13: 1049588, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36704671

ABSTRACT

Objective: With the popularization and development of online media technology, more and more women are paying attention to their body image and physical behavior. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of online sexual objectification experience on the physical activity of female college students and verify the mediating role of body-image depression between them. Methods: A cross-sectional convenient sample of 882 female college students from four universities in Hubei Province completed an online survey, and the Online Sexual Objectification Experience Scale (OSOES), the Body-Image Depression Questionnaire, and the Physical Activity Rating Scale (PARS) were used to collect the data. The mediating effect of the association between online sexual objectification experience and physical activity, was examined using the process procedure in SPSS and the bootstrap method. Results: Online sexual objectification experience was significantly positively correlated with physical activity (r = 0.420, p < 0.01). Body-image depression was significantly negatively correlated with online sexual objectification experience and physical activity (r = -0.484, p < 0.01; r = -0.569, p < 0.01). Online sexual objectification experience can affect physical activity directly (ß = 6.49, p < 0.001, effect value 44.97%) and also indirectly through body-image depression (ß = 7.95, p < 0.001, effect value 55.03%); there were significant differences between major and education-level categories in body-image depression and physical activity. Conclusion: Both online sexual objectification experience and body-image depression can promote physical activity among female college students, and body-image depression has a mediating effect between online sexual objectification experience and physical activity.

20.
Front Oncol ; 12: 1094612, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36703779

ABSTRACT

Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most common cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Tumor metastasis and CD8+ T cell infiltration play a crucial role in CRC patient survival. It is important to determine the etiology and mechanism of the malignant progression of CRC to develop more effective treatment strategies. Methods: We conducted weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) to explore vital modules of tumor metastasis and CD8+ T cell infiltration, then with hub gene selection and survival analysis. Multi-omics analysis is used to explore the expression pattern, immunity, and prognostic effect of MXRA8. The molecular and immune characteristics of MXRA8 are analyzed in independent cohorts, clinical specimens, and in vitro. Results: MXRA8 expression was strongly correlated with tumor malignancy, metastasis, recurrence, and immunosuppressive microenvironment. Furthermore, MXRA8 expression predicts poor prognosis and is an independent prognostic factor for OS in CRC. Conclusion: MXRA8 may be a potential immunotherapeutic and prognostic biomarker for CRC.

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