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1.
Front Psychol ; 13: 1006580, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2142260

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic outbreak-as a typical emergency event-significantly has impacted employees' psychological status and thus has negatively affected their performance. Hence, along with focusing on the mechanisms and solutions to alleviate the impact of work stress on employee performance, we also examine the relationship between work stress, mental health, and employee performance. Furthermore, we analyzed the moderating role of servant leadership in the relationship between work stress and mental health, but the result was not significant. The results contribute to providing practical guidance for enterprises to improve employee performance in the context of major emergencies.

2.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 1416, 2022 Nov 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2139269

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The states of IPC (Infection Prevention and Control) is serious under the COVID-19 pandemic. Nosocomial infection reporting is of great significance to transparent management of IPC in regard to the COVID-19 pandemic. We aimed to explore the relationship between communication openness and nosocomial infection reporting, explore the mediating effect of team cohesion in the two, and provide evidence-based organizational perspective for improving IPC management in the hospitals. METHOD: A questionnaire was used to collect data on communication openness, team cohesion and nosocomial infection reporting in 3512 medical staff from 239 hospitals in Hubei, China. Structural Equation Model (SEM) was conducted to examine the hypothetical model. RESULT: Communication openness was positively related to nosocomial infection reporting (ß = 0.540, p < 0.001), and was positively related to team cohesion (ß = 0.887, p < 0.001). Team cohesion was positively related to nosocomial infection reporting (ß = 0.328, p < 0.001). The partial mediating effect of team cohesion was significant (ß = 0.291, SE = 0.055, 95% CI = [ 0.178,0.392 ]), making up 35.02% of total effect. CONCLUSION: Communication openness was not only positively related to nosocomial infection reporting. Team cohesion can be regarded as a mediator between communication openness and nosocomial infection reporting. It implies that strengthening communication openness and team cohesion is the strategy to promote IPC management from the new organizational perspective.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Cross Infection , Humans , Cross Infection/epidemiology , Cross Infection/prevention & control , Pandemics , Communication , Surveys and Questionnaires
3.
Materials (Basel) ; 15(22)2022 Nov 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2127148

ABSTRACT

This study explored the ideal period for wearing masks to prevent the physiological and psychological problems associated with long-term face mask use during respiratory infections by healthcare workers. Breathing simulators, surgical masks (SM) and medical respirators (PM) were prepared for two to eight hours. Changes in the comfort of masks (facial skin temperature, breathing resistance, and moisture permeability) and protection (filtration efficiency, resistance to blood penetration, and colony count) were assessed. The results demonstrated that the masks offered efficient liquid-particle filtering even after eight hours of use. However, the number of bacterial colonies using PM and SM grew significantly after two and four hours, respectively. Concerning comfort, the inspiratory resistance of masks rose dramatically after two hours, whereas the moisture permeability declined considerably after four hours. In addition, skin temperature had a significant increase within two hours, which may result in facial discomfort. When conditions permitted, the hospital staff was instructed to replace their masks every two hours.

4.
Journal of Hainan Medical University ; 27(11):801-808, 2021.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2145382

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the risk factors of COVID-19 infection in Danzhou, Hainan province.

5.
Journal of Hainan Medical University ; 27(10):721-728, 2021.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2145381

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the characteristics of COVID-19 patients and healthy people, including living habits, living environment etc. so as to provide evidence for policy making in disease control.

6.
Adv Mater ; : e2208157, 2022 Nov 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2115713

ABSTRACT

Chirality is ubiquitous in biological systems, which is closely related to biological functions, life process, and even pathogenesis of diseases. However, the interface between the chirality of synthetic materials and organisms, particularly the immune system, remains poorly understood. Here, supramolecular chiral polymer micelles (SCPMs) are prepared by complexing antigenic proteins with chiral amino acid modified polyethyleneimine. The introduction of chirality not only reduces the toxicity of cationic polymer, but also benefits cell uptake and antigen presentation. Especially, D-chirality presents the lowest cytotoxicity, while promotes the highest expression level of costimulatory molecules on dendritic cells compared to L-chirality and achirality. The superiority of D-chirality to stimulate dendritic cell maturation is supported by immunization with D-SCPMs, which achieves significant antigen-specific proliferation of T cells in the spleen, lymph nodes and tumor of mice. Chirality-mediated antigen processing and presentation is demonstrated by D-SCPMs self-assembled from chiral alkaline histidine or neutral phenylalanine modified polyethyleneimine and tumor associated ovalbumin or severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 spike 1 antigenic protein. Immunoactivation enabled by D-chirality opens a window to prepare potent nanotherapeutics for disease prevention and treatment. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

7.
Viruses ; 14(9)2022 08 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2055387

ABSTRACT

Universal antiretroviral therapy (ART, "treat all") was recommended by the World Health Organization in 2015; however, HIV-1 transmission is still ongoing. This study characterizes the drivers of HIV transmission in the "treat all" era. Demographic and clinical information and HIV pol gene were collected from all newly diagnosed cases in Shenyang, the largest city in Northeast China, during 2016 to 2019. Molecular networks were constructed based on genetic distance and logistic regression analysis was used to assess potential transmission source characteristics. The cumulative ART coverage in Shenyang increased significantly from 77.0% (485/630) in 2016 to 93.0% (2598/2794) in 2019 (p < 0.001). Molecular networks showed that recent HIV infections linked to untreated individuals decreased from 61.6% in 2017 to 28.9% in 2019, while linking to individuals with viral suppression (VS) increased from 9.0% to 49.0% during the same time frame (p < 0.001). Undiagnosed people living with HIV (PLWH) hidden behind the links between index cases and individuals with VS were likely to be male, younger than 25 years of age, with Manchu nationality (p < 0.05). HIV transmission has declined significantly in the era of "treat all". Undiagnosed PLWH may drive HIV transmission and should be the target for early detection and intervention.


Subject(s)
HIV Infections , HIV-1 , China/epidemiology , Female , Genes, pol , HIV Infections/diagnosis , HIV Infections/drug therapy , HIV Infections/epidemiology , HIV-1/genetics , Humans , Male , Specimen Handling
8.
Int J Med Sci ; 19(10): 1539-1547, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2040346

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To early identify abnormal lesions by applying the 18F-FDG PET dynamic modeling approach for discharged patients recovering from COVID-19. Methods: Seven discharged COVID-19 patients (COVID-19 group), twelve healthy volunteers (control group 1), and eight cancer patients with normal pulmonary function (control group 2) were prospectively enrolled. Control group 1 completed static 18F-FDG PET/CT only; COVID-19 group and control group 2 completed 60-min dynamic 18F-FDG PET/CT. Among COVID-19 group and control group 2, the uptake of FDG on the last frame (at 55-60 min) of dynamic scans was used for static analysis. Prior to performing scans, COVID-19 patients provided negative real-time Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (rRT-PCR) of SARS-CoV-2, normal lung functions test, and normal laboratory test. Organ-to-liver standard uptake ratio (OLR, i.e. SUVmax evaluated organ/ SUVmax liver) from conventional static data and Patlak analysis based on the dynamic modeling to calculate the 18F-FDG net uptake rate constant (Ki) were performed. Results: Compared to the control groups, COVID-19 patients at two to three months after discharge still maintained significantly higher Ki values in multiple organs (including lung, bone marrow, lymph nodes, myocardium and liver), although results for regular OLR measurements were normal for all discharged COVID-19 patients. Taking the image of lung as an example, the differences of SUVmax images between COVID-19 group and control group were hard to distinguish. In contrast, a high 18F-FDG signal of the lung among the COVID-19 group was observed for Ki images. Conclusion: The Ki from 18F-FDG PET/CT dynamic imaging quantification might contribute to identifying residual lesions for COVID-19 survivors. Trial registration: The trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT04519255 (IRB-approved number, K52-1).


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , COVID-19/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Patient Discharge , Pilot Projects , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography/methods , Positron-Emission Tomography , Prospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
9.
Chinese Journal of Nosocomiology ; 32(12):1875-1879, 2022.
Article in English, Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2034001

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between the comfort and protection of masks under different simulated wearing methods, so as to provide reasonable suggestions for medical staff on how to wear masks. METHODS: The N95 mask and disposable mask commonly used by medical staff were choose to design five wearing methods are designed: Single layer disposable mask(Single-D), Double layer disposable mask(Double-DD), Single layer N95 mask(Single-N), N95 mask inside + Disposable mask outside(Double-ND), Disposable mask inside + N95 mask outside(Double-DN). According to the mask standard GB 19083-2010, the filter efficiency, moisture permeability, respiratory resistance, resistance to synthetic blood penetration and moisture resistance of masks under different wearing modes were tested. RESULTS: Compared with Single-N methods, the filtration efficiency, moisture resistance and anti-synthetic blood penetration of the Double-ND and Double-DN methods had no significant difference, the moisture permeability was significantly lower than that of Single-N mode(P<0.05), and the respiratory resistance was significantly higher than that of Single-N mode(P<0.05). Compared with Single-D modes, the moisture resistance and synthetic blood penetration of Double-DD had no significant difference, the filtration efficiency was significantly higher than that of Single-D mode(P<0.05), the moisture permeability was significantly lower than that of Single-D mode(P<0.05), and the respiratory resistance was significantly higher than that of Single-D mode(P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The Single-layer N95 wearing mode(Single-N) is sufficient to meet the protection requirements. The double-layer wearing mode(Double-ND, Double-DN, Double-DD) seriously affects the wearing comfort and increases the risk of infection and leakage, which is not recommended for use.

10.
Sustainability ; 14(18):11243, 2022.
Article in English | MDPI | ID: covidwho-2010286

ABSTRACT

Recently, emergency structures have been in the spotlight because of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. This research examines the use of modular integrated construction (MiC) in developing an emergency hospital for individuals with novel coronavirus-infected pneumonia (NCIP). The whole process of building is based on the modular design and assembly idea. The primary structure was constructed using the modular steel buildings (MSBs) concept to suit emergency structures' functional qualities and quick construction needs. An intelligent operation and maintenance management platform was built utilizing 5G, AI, IoT (IoT), cloud, big data, an d other technologies. A BIM model was created to evaluate and compare the construction plan, develop the combined section and connection node plan, and complete the detailed design of assembled steel structures. On-site modularization of fundamental structural components and accessories is utilized in a flowing operating mode, where the housing and supporting installation are closely coordinated. The research results show that information and data interaction is the key to speedy building design and construction, with digital simulation in one stage and on-site assembly in a crammed way. The study findings may be used to build comparable structures faster, utilizing modular building techniques.

11.
Sleep ; 45(Suppl 1):A325-A325, 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1999224

ABSTRACT

Introduction Central to the pathophysiology of SARS-CoV-2 is immune dysregulation and systemic inflammation, however, it is yet unknown whether sleep-related hypoxemia--which we have recently noted to be associated with worse COVID-19 clinical outcomes--is mediated by these biomarkers and pathways. Methods Data from patients who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 and part of the integrated Cleveland Clinic COVID-19 and sleep laboratory registries from March-November 2020 were included. To assess the mediation effect of biomarkers, the relationship between sleep-related hypoxia measures (% sleep time<90%SaO2,T90) and moderate/severe WHO-7 COVID-19 score (use of supplemental oxygen, non-invasive ventilation, mechanical ventilation/ECMO or death) was first tested. The mediation effect, or natural indirect effect, of biomarkers of inflammation (C-Reactive Protein (CRP), white blood cell (WBC) count (with a focus on lymphocyte count) and lactate) was then estimated by logistic regression models adjusted for demographics, comorbidities, smoking pack year and site location using PROC CAUSALMED statement in SAS software (version 9.4, Cary, NC). Results The analytic sample included 446 patients hospitalized due to COVID-19: age:63.3.±13.8 years,51.3% female,39% African American with body mass index(BMI)=36.1±9.3kg/m2. Thirty-six percent used supplemental oxygen, 4% used high-flow or non-invasive ventilation,5% required ECMO or mechanical ventilation and 2% died. Hypoxic measures were associated with moderate/severe WHO-7 COVID-19 outcome: T90 median (>1.8%vs.≤1.8%) (OR=2.04, 95%CI:1.28-3.23,p=0.003), 5% increases in both mean SaO2 (OR=0.43, 95%CI: 0.26-0.70,p=<0.001) and minimum SaO2 (OR=0.84, 95%CI: 0.72-0.99,p=0.03). CRP was associated with mean SaO2 (p=0.040) and minimum SaO2 (p=0.029), likewise mediation analysis showed that there was a significant natural indirect effect of CRP in both hypoxia measures (OR=0.86,95%CI 0.73-0.99,p=0.036;OR=0.95,95%CI 0.90-1.00,p=0.034 respectively). WBC count, but not lymphocyte count subset, was associated with mean SaO2 (p=0.044), but the natural indirect effect was not significant (p=0.23. Lactate was associated with minimum SaO2 (p=0.044), but the natural indirect effect was not significant (p=0.23). T90 median was not associated with CRP(p=0.13), WBC count(p=0.87) or lactate(p=0.28). Conclusion CRP appears to represent a relevant mediator of sleep-related hypoxia and WHO-7 clinical outcomes. Further investigation is needed to elucidate if treatment of sleep-related hypoxia downregulates biomarkers of systemic inflammation to modify disease course. Support (If Any)  

12.
J Hematol Oncol ; 15(1): 81, 2022 06 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1962866

ABSTRACT

Recipients after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) or chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CAR-T) therapy are at increased risk for unfavorable outcomes after SARS-CoV-2 infection. The efficacy of COVID-19 vaccines remains undetermined in this vulnerable population, we therefore conducted a pooled analysis to evaluate the immune response after vaccination. A total of 46 studies were finally included, comprising 4757 HSCT and 174 CAR-T recipients. Our results indicated that HSCT and CAR-T recipients had an attenuated immune response to SARS-CoV-2 vaccination compared with healthy individuals, while time interval between transplant and vaccination, immunosuppressive therapy (IST) and lymphocyte counts at vaccination significantly affected the humoral response in HSCT recipients. In addition, seroconversion was significantly higher in patients with BCMA-based CAR-T than those with CD19-based CAR-T. Thus, an adapted vaccination strategy for HSCT and CAR-T recipients may be required, and further research on the effect of a booster dose of COVID-19 vaccine and the role of cellular response after vaccination is warranted.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen , Antibodies, Viral , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/therapeutic use , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Humans , Immunity , Immunotherapy, Adoptive/methods , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccination
13.
Environ Technol Innov ; 27: 102715, 2022 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1944959

ABSTRACT

The many instances of COVID-19 outbreaks suggest that cold chains are a possible route for the spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). However, owing to the low temperatures of cold chains, which are normally below 0 °C, there are limited options for virus inactivation. Here, high-energy electron beam (E-beam) irradiation was used to inactivate porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) under simulated cold chain conditions. This coronavirus was used as a surrogate for SARS-CoV-2. The possible mechanism by which high-energy E-beam irradiation inactivates PEDV was also explored. An irradiation dose of 10 kGy reduced the PEDV infectious viral titer by 1.68-1.76 log10TCID 50 / 100 µ L in the cold chain environment, suggesting that greater than 98.1% of PEDV was inactivated. E-beam irradiation at 5-30 kGy damaged the viral genomic RNA with an efficiency of 46.25%-92.11%. The integrity of the viral capsid was disrupted at 20 kGy. The rapid and effective inactivation of PEDV at temperatures below freezing indicates high-energy E-beam irradiation as a promising technology for disinfecting SARS-CoV-2 in cold chain logistics to limit the transmission of COVID-19.

14.
Virus Evol ; 8(1): veac049, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1922334

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus infections cause diseases that range from mild to severe in mammals and birds. In this study, we detected coronavirus infections in 748 farmed wild animals of 23 species in Guangdong, southern China, by RT-PCR and metagenomic analysis. We identified four coronaviruses in these wild animals and analysed their evolutionary origins. Coronaviruses detected in Rhizomys sinensis were genetically grouped into canine and rodent coronaviruses, which were likely recombinants of canine and rodent coronaviruses. The coronavirus found in Phasianus colchicus was a recombinant pheasant coronavirus of turkey coronavirus and infectious bronchitis virus. The coronavirus in Paguma larvata had a high nucleotide identity (94.6-98.5 per cent) with a coronavirus of bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncates). These findings suggested that the wildlife coronaviruses may have experienced homologous recombination and/or crossed the species barrier, likely resulting in the emergence of new coronaviruses. It is necessary to reduce human-animal interactions by prohibiting the eating and raising of wild animals, which may contribute to preventing the emergence of the next coronavirus pandemic.

15.
Infect Drug Resist ; 15: 3013-3023, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1910794

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Antimicrobial resistance (AR) is a global public health problem, improving clinicians' intention to submit microbiological pathogenic test (submission intention) can effectively increase the value for rational use antibiotics to curb AR. However, there are few studies on the factors influencing improvement of the submission intention, especially from the perspective of hospital management. This study will fill the gap and provide evidence that can continuously support improvement of antibiotics prescribing rationally. Patients and Methods: A cross-sectional survey of clinicians was conducted in all public hospitals in Hubei, China. Dependent variables were submission intention of non-restricted-use, restricted-use and special-use antibiotics which were measured submission, not sure submission, no submission. Independent variables were frequency of training and publicity on submission, and hospital with or without submission performance assessment, guideline, information decision system and laboratory items, including bacterial culture item, fungal culture item and so on. Clinicians' demographics were applied as control variables. Multinomial logistic regression was performed to model independent variables influencing submission intention. Results: For non-restricted-use antibiotics, guideline (OR = 0.263; 95% CI = [0.188, 0.369]) (OR = 0.526; 95% CI = [0.375, 0.738]) and bacterial culture item (OR = 0.141; 95% CI = [0.074, 0.268]) (OR = 0.520; 95% CI = [0.292, 0.927]) are key factors that positively affect clinicians' intention on submission and not sure submission; For restricted-use and special-use antibiotics, training frequency and bacterial culture item (OR = 0.155; 95% CI = [0.076, 0.315]) (OR = 0.092; 95% CI = [0.036, 0.232]) (OR = 0.106; 95% CI = [0.046, 0.248]) (OR = 0.027; 95% CI = [0.006, 0.117]) are key factors that positively affect clinicians' intention on submission and not sure submission. Conclusion: This study found that bacterial culture item, guideline, and training frequency are key factors that affect clinicians' intention on submission and not sure submission, but various factors exist different effects level on different types of antibiotics. Consequently, a focus should be placed on the construction and implementation of management factors, as well as reformation of antimicrobial stewardship in hospitals according to the types of antibiotics.

16.
Resour Policy ; 78: 102859, 2022 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1907727

ABSTRACT

The causal relationship between gold and stocks has been widely studied, while their causality and the long- and short-run characteristic of this relationship have not been examined under different shocks. The purpose of this paper is to fill this gap. Meanwhile, considering the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on gold and stock markets, we also aim to investigate whether the relationship changes after this epidemic. With invoking the time- and frequency-domain extreme Granger causality tests, we find that a significant causality between gold and stock usually comes from extreme shocks, displaying as the long-term causality running from gold shocks to stock shocks while the fickle impact of stock shocks on gold shocks. Besides, empirical results suggest that the causality between gold and stock shocks is greatly promoted after this epidemic. The present study is useful for investors and policymakers, as it has reference significance when dealing with subsequent extreme shocks or events.

18.
EBioMedicine ; 81: 104102, 2022 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1906946

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 vaccination is recommended for patients with multiple sclerosis (pwMS), while disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) may influence the efficacy of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines in this population. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the impact of DMTs on immune response to COVID-19 vaccines in pwMS. METHODS: Literature search from December 1, 2019 to March 31, 2022 was performed in PubMed, MedRxiv, Embase and Cochrane Library. The risk of impaired response to vaccination in pwMS receiving DMTs was estimated in odds ratios (ORs) using random-effects method. FINDINGS: A total of 48 studies comprising 6860 pwMS were included. Overall, pwMS with anti-CD20 (OR=0.02, 95% CI: 0.01-0.03) and sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor modulator (S1PRM) (OR=0.03, 95% CI: 0.01-0.06) treatments had attenuated serologic response after full vaccination compared with those without DMTs. Additionally, pwMS vaccinated within six months since last anti-CD20 therapy were at significantly higher risk of blunted response compared with those receiving anti-CD20 therapy more than six months prior to vaccination (P = 0.001). We found no significant associations between other treatments (including IFN-ß, GA, DMF, TERI, NTZ, CLAD, and ALE) and humoral response to SARS-CoV-2 vaccines in pwMS. As for T-cell response, no significant difference was found between pwMS on anti-CD20 and those without DMTs after vaccination, while S1PRM was marginally associated with impaired cellular response (P = 0.03). INTERPRETATION: Our findings suggested that routine serological monitoring may be required for pwMS on anti-CD20 and S1PRMs after SARS-CoV-2 vaccination and highlighted the benefits of a booster dose. The effect of cellular response and optimal interval from last anti-CD20 treatment to vaccination should be further addressed. FUNDING: This study was supported by Natural Science Foundation of Shanghai (21ZR1433000).


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Multiple Sclerosis , Antigens, CD20 , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/administration & dosage , China , Humans , Immunologic Factors/therapeutic use , Multiple Sclerosis/drug therapy , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccination
19.
Front Public Health ; 10: 909241, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1903242

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) broke out in 2019. In the past 4 years, China has adopted many measures to control the epidemic, including building Fangcang shelter hospitals to isolate confirmed positive cases. Therefore, we aim to explore the mental health status of medical staff in the Wuhan Fangcang shelter hospital and discuss the relevant factors that affect the medical staff's mental status. The subjects of the research were staff from several Fangcang shelter hospitals in Wuhan during the epidemic of COVID-19. Patient Health Questionnaire-9 items Scale (PHQ-9) was used to assess the severity of the participants' depressive symptoms, and Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 items Scale (GAD-7) was used to evaluate the severity of the participants' anxiety symptoms. The demographic information and health adjustment methods were collected in a self-made questionnaire, and regression analysis on related factors that affect mental health was performed. The three most frequently used methods of psychological adjustment for the staff in the Fangcang shelter hospital are common recreational activities, such as reading, streaming videos, listening to music, and playing games. (93.8%), communicating with colleagues in the Fangcang shelter hospital (92.5%), and communicating with family members and friends (78.3%). Binary logistic regression analysis showed that developing depression symptoms has relation to 2 factors, which are having not participated in medical emergency rescue missions (odds ratio = 2.610; 95% confidence interval 1.398-4.872, P = 0.003) and inadequate training before entering the shelter hospital (odds ratio = 2.804, 95% confidence interval 1.293-6.08, P = 0.009). Compared with adequate pre-job training, insufficient training increases the risk of anxiety symptoms (odds ratio = 2.692; 95% confidence interval 1.3-5.575, P = 0.008). Lack of experience and inadequate training in medical emergency rescue missions exposed the medical staff to a higher risk of developing symptoms of depression and anxiety. Psychological adjustment methods that are helpful to adjust their mental state are most commonly used.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Anxiety/epidemiology , Anxiety/psychology , Anxiety Disorders , Big Data , COVID-19/epidemiology , Hospitals, Special , Humans , Medical Staff , Mobile Health Units , SARS-CoV-2
20.
Front Public Health ; 10: 890261, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1903231

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To report the design and baseline data of a 3-year cohort study in Beijing Pinggu District primary school students in China after COVID-19. Methods: Noncycloplegic and cycloplegic spherical equivalent refraction (SER) were measured, ocular biometry, including the axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD) and corneal power (CP), were collected before cycloplegia. Corneal radius (CR), AL-to-CR ratio, and lens power (LP) were calculated. Results: Among the 4,806 (89.1%) eligible students (51.5% male), the prevalence of emmetropia, myopia, mild hyperopia, and mild-to-high hyperopia was 12.8, 30.8, 53.0, and 3.3% after cycloplegia, respectively. Myopia increased from 2.5% in 6- to 71.6% in 12-year-old students, with 9- and 10-year-olds showing the most prominent increases. The median of cycloplegic SER was 0.50 (IQR = 1.63), and the noncycloplegic SER was -0.38 D (IQR = 1.50), which is more negative than the cycloplegic refraction. The mean AL increased with age, from 22.46 ± 0.70 mm to 24.26 ± 1.07 mm. The ACD increased from 3.38 ± 0.28 mm to 3.70 ± 0.30 mm, and the AL-to-CR ratio increased from 2.91 ± 0.08 to 3.12 ± 0.13 between 6- and 12-year-old students. AL, CR and LP explained the SER variance with R 2 of 86.4% after adjusting the age and gender. Conclusions and Relevance: The myopia prevalence since emergence of COVID-19 rapidly increased from 6- to 12-year primary school Chinese children, especially after 7 years of age. The non-cycloplegia SER overestimated the prevalence of myopia, and the cycloplegic SER is a more accurate and reliable method to assess the prevalence of refractive status.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Hyperopia , Myopia , Beijing/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Child , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Female , Humans , Hyperopia/epidemiology , Male , Mydriatics , Myopia/epidemiology , Schools , Students
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