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1.
EClinicalMedicine ; 2020.
Article | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-689222

ABSTRACT

BackgroundThe outbreak of a new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) poses a great challenge to global public health New and effective intervention strategies are urgently needed to combat the disease

2.
EClinicalMedicine ; 2020.
Article | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-684336

ABSTRACT

Background The outbreak of a new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) poses a great challenge to global public health New and effective intervention strategies are urgently needed to combat the disease Methods We conducted an open-label, non-randomized, clinical trial involving moderate COVID-19 patients according to study protocol Patients were assigned in a 1:2 ratio to receive either aerosol inhalation treatment with IFN-κ and TFF2, every 48 h for three consecutive dosages, in addition to standard treatment (experimental group), or standard treatment alone (control group) The end point was the time to discharge from the hospital This study is registered with chictr org cn, ChiCTR2000030262 Findings A total of thirty-three eligible COVID-19 patients were enrolled from February 1, 2020 to April 6, 2020, eleven were assigned to the IFN-κ plus TFF2 group, and twenty-two to the control group Safety and efficacy were evaluated for both groups No treatment-associated severe adverse effects (SAE) were observed in the group treated with aerosol inhalation of IFN-κ plus TFF2, and no significant differences in the safety evaluations were observed between experimental and control groups CT imaging was performed in all patients with the median improvement time of 5 0 days (IQR 3 0–9 0) in the experimental group versus 8 5 days (IQR 3 0–17 0) in the control group (p<0 05) In addition, the experimental group had a significant shorten median time in cough relief (4 5 days [IQR 2 0–7 0]) than the control group did (10 0 days [IQR 6 0–21 0])(p<0 005), in viral RNA reversion of 6 0 days (IQR 2 0–13 0) in the experimental group vs 9 5 days (IQR 3 0–23 0) in the control group (p < 0 05), and in the median hospitalization stays of 12 0 days (IQR 7 0–20 0) in the experimental group vs 15 0 days (IQR 10 0–25 0) in the control group (p<0 001), respectively Interpretation Aerosol inhalation of IFN-κ plus TFF2 is a safe treatment and is likely to significantly facilitate clinical improvement, including cough relief, CT imaging improvement, and viral RNA reversion, thereby achieves an early release from hospitalization These data support to explore a scale-up trial with IFN-κ plus TFF2 Funding National Major Project for Control and Prevention of Infectious Disease in China, Shanghai Science and Technology Commission, Shanghai Municipal Health Commission

3.
J Formos Med Assoc ; 2020 Jul 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-641081

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a highly contagious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Infection with SARS-CoV may cause coronary plaque instability and lead to acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Management of ACS in patients with COVID-19 needs more consideration of the balance between clinical benefit and transmission risk of virus. This review provides recommendations of management strategies for ACS in patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 in Taiwan.

4.
J. Behav. Exp. Financ. ; (27)20200901.
Article in English | ELSEVIER | ID: covidwho-592035

ABSTRACT

This paper studies the differences in stock market reactions to the same kind of disease-related news by analyzing abnormal returns of global stock markets during Public Health Risk Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) announcements. Drawing the data from 26 stock market indices over the period from 22 April 2008 to 12 March 2020, we compare stock market reactions to all six PHEIC announcements made by the World Health Organization since 2009. Although the PHEIC announcements can be categorized as the same type of event, we found no consistent patterns in market reactions. The markets did not show significant reactions in a 30-day event window, which suggests a relatively low economic impact of the diseases on a global scale during this time, except for Covid-19. Among all diseases included in our study, only Covid-19 had a significant negative effect on stock markets at least lasting 30 days.

5.
Community Ment Health J ; 56(5): 786-792, 2020 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-186618

ABSTRACT

This article describes a peer support project developed and carried out by a group of experienced mental health professionals, organized to offer peer psychological support from overseas to healthcare professionals on the frontline of the COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan, China. This pandemic extremely challenged the existing health care systems and caused severe mental distress to frontline healthcare workers. The authors describe the infrastructure of the team and a novel model of peer support and crisis intervention that utilized a popular social media application on smartphone. Such a model for intervention that can be used elsewhere in the face of current global pandemic, or future disaster response.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/psychology , Crisis Intervention/methods , Health Personnel/psychology , Occupational Health , Peer Group , Pneumonia, Viral/psychology , Social Media , Social Support , Australia , Canada , China , Humans , International Cooperation , Mental Health , Mobile Applications , Pandemics , Smartphone , United States
6.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 133(9): 1025-1031, 2020 May 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-691

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) causing an outbreak of pneumonia in Wuhan, Hubei province of China was isolated in January 2020. This study aims to investigate its epidemiologic history, and analyze the clinical characteristics, treatment regimens, and prognosis of patients infected with 2019-nCoV during this outbreak. METHODS: Clinical data from 137 2019-nCoV-infected patients admitted to the respiratory departments of nine tertiary hospitals in Hubei province from December 30, 2019 to January 24, 2020 were retrospectively collected, including general status, clinical manifestations, laboratory test results, imaging characteristics, and treatment regimens. RESULTS: None of the 137 patients (61 males, 76 females, aged 20-83 years, median age 57 years) had a definite history of exposure to Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market. Major initial symptoms included fever (112/137, 81.8%), coughing (66/137, 48.2%), and muscle pain or fatigue (44/137, 32.1%), with other, less typical initial symptoms observed at low frequency, including heart palpitations, diarrhea, and headache. Nearly 80% of the patients had normal or decreased white blood cell counts, and 72.3% (99/137) had lymphocytopenia. Lung involvement was present in all cases, with most chest computed tomography scans showing lesions in multiple lung lobes, some of which were dense; ground-glass opacity co-existed with consolidation shadows or cord-like shadows. Given the lack of effective drugs, treatment focused on symptomatic and respiratory support. Immunoglobulin G was delivered to some critically ill patients according to their conditions. Systemic corticosteroid treatment did not show significant benefits. Notably, early respiratory support facilitated disease recovery and improved prognosis. The risk of death was primarily associated with age, underlying chronic diseases, and median interval from the appearance of initial symptoms to dyspnea. CONCLUSIONS: The majority of patients with 2019-nCoV pneumonia present with fever as the first symptom, and most of them still showed typical manifestations of viral pneumonia on chest imaging. Middle-aged and elderly patients with underlying comorbidities are susceptible to respiratory failure and may have a poorer prognosis.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , China , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Coronavirus Infections/diagnostic imaging , Female , Fever/etiology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnostic imaging , Tertiary Care Centers , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Young Adult
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