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1.
J Asthma ; : 1-10, 2023 Jun 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20233972

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Both patients and physicians may be hesitant toward vaccination in patients with asthma, which may result in lower vaccine uptake. The aim of this work was to investigate the vaccination rate, the adverse reactions, as well as the factors associated with vaccine acceptance and hesitancy toward COVID-19 vaccination among asthmatic patients in Beijing. METHODS: A multi-center, cross-sectional face-to-face survey was conducted in patients with asthma consecutively recruited from December 2021 to April 2022. The survey included asthma status, COVID-19 vaccine uptake and adverse reactions, and knowledge of and attitude toward COVID-19 vaccination. RESULTS: A total of 261 patients were enrolled. The rate of COVID-19 vaccination during the study period was 73.6%, as compared to 87.64% in the general population in China. Patients who were currently working, had received other vaccines in the past, and had had no adverse reactions to other vaccines, showed a higher rate of COVID-19 vaccination. Patients believing that the vaccination of family members and colleagues had a positive impact on their decision to get vaccinated, were more likely to get the COVID-19 vaccines. The COVID-19 vaccination rate was lower in those with poorly monitored asthma and those using biologic therapies. The adverse effects of COVID-19 vaccines in asthmatic patients were similar to those in the general population. CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 vaccination rate in asthmatic patients was lower than the general population in China. Active measures should be taken to control asthma and increase vaccination rates in these patients.

2.
Travel Med Infect Dis ; 53: 102589, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20237550

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Major cardiovascular events (MACEs) have been described with dengue infection. Among these MACEs, heart failure (HF) is the most common but has not been thoroughly assessed. This study aimed to evaluate the association between dengue and HF. METHODS: Under the self-controlled case-series study design, we used the Notifiable Infectious Disease dataset linkage with the National Health Insurance claims data to obtain the study subjects. All laboratory-confirmed dengue cases who were hospitalized for HF after dengue infection within one year between 2009 and 2015 in Taiwan were included. We identified the first 7 and 14 days after dengue infection as the risk intervals. The incidence rate ratio (IRR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for HF were estimated by conditional Poisson regression. RESULTS: Among the 65,906 dengue patients, 230 had admission for HF after dengue infection within one year. The IRR of HF admission within the first week after dengue infection was 56.50 (95% C.I. 43.88-72.75). This risk was highest in >60 years (IRR = 59.32, 95% C.I. 45.43-77.43) and lower in 0-40 years (IRR = 25.82, 95% C.I. 2.89-231.02). The risk was nearly nine times higher among admission (for dengue infection) than among nonadmission cases (IRR 75.35 vs. 8.61, p < 0.0001). The risks increased slightly in the second week 8.55 and became less obvious after the third and fourth week. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with dengue infection have a risk of developing acute heart failure within one week, especially in >60 years, men, and dengue admission subjects. The findings emphasize the awareness of diagnosis and further appropriate treatment of HF.


Subject(s)
Dengue , Heart Failure , Male , Humans , Heart Failure/epidemiology , Heart Failure/etiology , Hospitalization , Research , Incidence , Dengue/complications , Dengue/epidemiology
3.
BMC Med Educ ; 23(1): 348, 2023 May 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2327166

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Nursing undergraduates' academic self-efficacy is a significant factor in determining their learning motivation, cognition, and emotions. It has a significant impact on improving academic performance and achieving learning goals. METHODS: To explore the mechanism of psychological distress affecting the academic self-efficacy of nursing undergraduates, the generalized anxiety disorder scale-7, patient health questionnaire-9, academic self-efficacy scale, perceived social support scale and mindful attention awareness scale were conducted. RESULTS: Model fitness indexes of the structural equation model is good (CMIN/DF = 1.404, RMSEA = 0.042, GFI = 0.977, IFI = 0.977, TLI = 0.954, CFI = 0.975, NFI = 0.923). Structural equation model analysis showed that social support and mindfulness were the mediating variables of psychological distress on academic self-efficacy. Mediating variables accounted for 44% of the total effect value (- 0.3) with a value of - 0.132. Three paths were verified: psychological distress indirectly affected academic self-efficacy through social support (- 0.064); psychological distress indirectly affected academic self-efficacy through mindfulness (- 0.053); psychological distress indirectly affected academic self-efficacy through social support and mindfulness (- 0.015). CONCLUSIONS: Social support and mindfulness play significant mediating roles in the effect of psychological distress on academic self-efficacy, and the chain mediating role of social support and mindfulness is also significant. Educators may mitigate the impact of psychological distress on academic self-efficacy by enhancing students' social support and mindfulness.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Mindfulness , Psychological Distress , Humans , Self Efficacy , Students/psychology , Social Support
4.
J Med Virol ; 95(4): e28719, 2023 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2299549

ABSTRACT

The innate immune response is the first line of host defense against viral infections, but its role in immunity against SARS-CoV-2 remains unclear. By using immunoprecipitation coupled with mass spectroscopy, we observed that the E3 ubiquitin ligase TRIM21 interacted with the SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid (N) protein and ubiquitinated it at Lys375 . Upon determining the topology of the TRIM21-mediated polyubiquitination chain on N protein, we then found that polyubiquitination led to tagging of the N protein for degradation by the host cell proteasome. Furthermore, TRIM21 also ubiquitinated the N proteins of SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern, including Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta, and Omicron together with SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV variants. Herein, we propose that ubiquitylation and degradation of the SARS-CoV-2 N protein inhibited SARS-CoV-2 viral particle assembly, by which it probably involved in preventing cytokine storm. Eventually, our study has fully revealed the association between the host innate immune system and SARS-CoV-2 N protein, which may aid in developing novel SARS-CoV-2 treatment strategies.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Humans , Immunity, Innate , SARS-CoV-2/metabolism , Ubiquitin/metabolism , Ubiquitination , Coronavirus Nucleocapsid Proteins/metabolism
5.
Anal Chem ; 95(18): 7186-7194, 2023 05 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2293260

ABSTRACT

The emergence of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic prompted researchers to develop portable biosensing platforms, anticipating to detect the analyte in a label-free, direct, and simple manner, for deploying on site to prevent the spread of the infectious disease. Herein, we developed a facile wavelength-based SPR sensor built with the aid of a 3D printing technology and synthesized air-stable NIR-emitting perovskite nanocomposites as the light source. The simple synthesis processes for the perovskite quantum dots enabled low-cost and large-area production and good emission stability. The integration of the two technologies enabled the proposed SPR sensor to exhibit the characteristics of lightweight, compactness, and being without a plug, just fitting the requirements of on-site detection. Experimentally, the detection limit of the proposed NIR SPR biosensor for refractive index change reached the 10-6 RIU level, comparable with that of state-of-the-art portable SPR sensors. In addition, the bio-applicability of the platform was validated by incorporating a homemade high-affinity polyclonal antibody toward the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein. The results demonstrated that the proposed system was capable of discriminating between clinical swab samples collected from COVID-19 patients and healthy subjects because the used polyclonal antibody exhibited high specificity against SARS-CoV-2. Most importantly, the whole measurement process not only took less than 15 min but also needed no complex procedures or multiple reagents. We believe that the findings disclosed in this work can open an avenue in the field of on-site detection for highly pathogenic viruses.


Subject(s)
Biosensing Techniques , COVID-19 , Nanocomposites , Humans , Surface Plasmon Resonance/methods , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/diagnosis , Biosensing Techniques/methods , Antibodies
6.
Fermentation ; 9(2):131, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2250109

ABSTRACT

In Greece biomass is often being disposed of uncontrollably, resulting in significant environmental impacts. The aim of this study is the single-stage anaerobic co-digestion assessment, valorizing Northern and Southern Greece mixtures, resulting from previous literature reviews, experimental designs, and biochemical methane potential (BMP) assays. Regarding the methane yield maximization, in Northern Greece, the most suitable mixture was 10% corn silage, 80% cattle manure, and 10% malt;while in Southern Greece it was 10% corn silage, 57% cattle manure, 23% orange peels, and 10% olive pomace for fall/winter season. The hydraulic retention time (HRT) was set at 20 d and an initial organic loading rate (OLR) of 2 g COD/(L·d) was applied, with a view to gradually increase it. However, volatile fatty acids accumulation was observed, which led to OLR reduction to 1.5 g COD/(L·d) for both experiments. The Northern Greece reactor operated successfully for OLR 1.5–5 g COD/(L·d), while further increase led to system failure. On the other hand, the reactor of the Southern Greece mixture operated successfully at OLR 1.5–2 g COD/(L·d), but further operation indicated inadequacy, probably due to inhibitor (such as limonene) accumulation. Mixtures consisting of corn silage, cattle manure, and malt can be successfully valorized at high OLR. However, further investigation for mixtures with orange peels is suggested due to the presence of inhibitors.

7.
Clin Hemorheol Microcirc ; 2022 Jul 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2257477

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Abdominal thromboses are a poorly characterized thrombotic complication of COVID-19. The aim of this paper is to report multimodality ultrasound imaging findings of the abdomen in evaluation of thrombotic lesions in hospitalized patients with COVID-19. PATIENTS & METHODS: In this retrospective observational study, patients admitted to a single University Hospital from April 1 2020 to April 30, 2022, who tested positive for COVID-19 and developed acute abdominal pain over the course of hospitalization were included. Abdominal ultrasound imaging studies performed in these patients were reviewed, including B mode ultrasound (BMUS), color-coded Doppler ultrasound (CCDS) and contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS). Thromboembolic findings on CT were also recorded. RESULTS: Finally, 13 cases of abdominal thrombosis in 226 Patients with COVID 19 infections were included (mean age, 56.69±8.97 years; 10 men, 3 women). Thromboembolic events including: iliac thrombosis (n = 4), portal venous (PV) thrombosis (n = 3), superior mesenteric vein (VMS) thrombosis (n = 2), inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombosis (n = 5) and inferior mesenteric vein (VMI) thrombosis (n = 1). In all cases of abdominal thrombosis, during high resolution BMUS scan, intra-luminary hypoechogenic appositional thrombi could be detected. Meanwhile blood flow with reduced speed less than 20 cm/s could be observed by CCDS. High arterial flow speed was a sign of collateral flow changes with diffuse venous dilatation. On CEUS, changes of the microcirculation of the liver, spleen, kidneys or small bowel by infarctions or micro-emboli could be detected. In 3 cases of PV thrombosis and in 2 cases of IVC thrombosis, catheter interventions were successful performed for recanalization without relevant lumen reduction afterwards. In other cases, without interventional procedure, partial recanalization happened with venous flow speed over 15 cm/s and lumen reduction more than 50% . CONCLUSIONS: Our study highlights those thromboembolic complications can be seen in hospitalized patients with COVID-19. Multimodality ultrasound examinations is helpful for early and accurate diagnosis of these complications.

8.
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis ; 42(4): 471-480, 2023 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2270115

ABSTRACT

The widespread of different NDM variants in clinical Enterobacterales isolates poses a serious public health concern, which requires continuous monitoring. In this study, three E. coli strains carrying two novel blaNDM variants of blaNDM-36, -37 were identified from a patient with refractory urinary tract infection (UTI) in China. We conducted antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST), enzyme kinetics analysis, conjugation experiment, whole-genome sequencing (WGS), and bioinformatics analysis to characterize the blaNDM-36, -37 enzymes and their carrying strains. The blaNDM-36, -37 harboring E. coli isolates belonged to ST227, O9:H10 serotype and exhibited intermediate or resistance to all ß-lactams tested except aztreonam and aztreonam/avibactam. The genes of blaNDM-36, -37 were located on a conjugative IncHI2-type plasmid. NDM-37 differed from NDM-5 by a single amino acid substitution (His261Tyr). NDM-36 differed from NDM-37 by an additional missense mutation (Ala233Val). NDM-36 had increased hydrolytic activity toward ampicillin and cefotaxime relative to NDM-37 and NDM-5, while NDM-37 and NDM-36 had lower catalytic activity toward imipenem but higher activity against meropenem in comparison to NDM-5. This is the first report of co-occurrence of two novel blaNDM variants in E. coli isolated from the same patient. The work provides insights into the enzymatic function and demonstrates the ongoing evolution of NDM enzymes.


Subject(s)
Escherichia coli Infections , Escherichia coli , Humans , Escherichia coli Infections/microbiology , Aztreonam/pharmacology , beta-Lactamases/genetics , beta-Lactamases/metabolism , Plasmids/genetics , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
9.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 20(5)2023 02 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2289038

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Although cross-sectional studies on the learning status of nursing undergraduates during the COVID-19 epidemic have surged, few studies have explored the normalization of COVID-19 on students' learning burnout and mental health. The study was designed to investigate the learning burnout of nursing undergraduates in school under the normalization of the COVID-19 epidemic and explore the hypothesized mediation effect of academic self-efficacy in the relationship between anxiety, depression and learning burnout in Chinese nursing undergraduates. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among nursing undergraduates in the school of nursing of a university in Jiangsu Province, China (n = 227). A general information questionnaire, College Students' Learning Burnout Questionnaire, Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7), and Patient Health Questionnaire depression scale (PHQ-9) were administered. Descriptive statistical analysis, Pearson correlation analysis, and multiple linear regression analysis were performed via SPSS 26.0. Process plug-in (Model 4) was used to test the mediating effect of academic self-efficacy (bootstrap 5000 iterations, α = 0.05). RESULTS: Learning burnout (54.1 ± 0.656) was positively correlated with anxiety (4.6 ± 0.283) and depression (5.3 ± 0.366) (p < 0.01) and was negatively correlated with academic self-efficacy (74.41 ± 0.674) (p < 0.01). Academic self-efficacy plays a mediating role between anxiety and learning burnout (0.395/0.493, 80.12%) and a mediating role between depression and learning burnout (0.332/0.503, 66.00%). CONCLUSION: Academic self-efficacy has a significant predictive effect on learning burnout. Schools and teachers should strengthen the screening and counselling of students' psychological problems, detect learning burnout caused by emotional problems in advance and improve students' initiative and enthusiasm for learning.


Subject(s)
Burnout, Professional , COVID-19 , Humans , Cross-Sectional Studies , Self Efficacy , Depression , Anxiety/epidemiology , Burnout, Psychological , Burnout, Professional/psychology , Students
10.
J Cell Sci ; 136(6)2023 03 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2286166

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, the agent of the deadly COVID-19 pandemic, is an enveloped virus propagating within the endocytic and secretory organelles of host mammalian cells. Enveloped viruses modify the ionic homeostasis of organelles to render their intra-luminal milieu permissive for viral entry, replication and egress. Here, we show that infection of Vero E6 cells with the delta variant of the SARS-CoV-2 alkalinizes the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-Golgi intermediate compartment (ERGIC) as well as lysosomes, mimicking the effect of inhibitors of vacuolar proton ATPases. We further show the envelope protein of SARS-CoV-2 accumulates in the ERGIC when expressed in mammalian cells and selectively dissipates the ERGIC pH. This viroporin action is prevented by mutations of Val25 but not Asn15 within the channel pore of the envelope (E) protein. We conclude that the envelope protein acts as a proton channel in the ERGIC to mitigate the acidity of this intermediate compartment. The altered pH homeostasis of the ERGIC likely contributes to the virus fitness and pathogenicity, making the E channel an attractive drug target for the treatment of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Viral Envelope Proteins , Animals , Humans , Viral Envelope Proteins/metabolism , Viroporin Proteins/metabolism , COVID-19/metabolism , Protons , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2/metabolism , Golgi Apparatus/metabolism , Lysosomes/metabolism , Mammals/metabolism
11.
World J Pediatr ; 2022 Oct 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2245140

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The number of pediatric cases of infection with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Omicron variant has increased. Here, we describe the clinical characteristics of children in a tertiary children's medical center in Shanghai. METHODS: A total of 676 pediatric coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases caused by the Omicron variant who were admitted to the Shanghai Children's Medical Center from March 28 to April 30, 2022 were enrolled in this single-center, prospective, observational real-world study. Patient demographics and clinical characteristics, especially COVID-19 vaccine status, were assessed. RESULTS: Children of all ages appeared susceptible to the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant, with no significant difference between sexes. A high SARS-CoV-2 viral load upon admission was associated with leukocytopenia, neutropenia, and thrombocytopenia (P = 0.003, P = 0.021, and P = 0.017, respectively) but not with physical symptoms or radiographic chest abnormalities. Univariable linear regression models indicated that comorbidities (P = 0.001) were associated with a longer time until viral clearance, and increasing age (P < 0.001) and two doses of COVID-19 vaccine (P = 0.001) were associated with a shorter time to viral clearance. Multivariable analysis revealed an independent effect of comorbidities (P < 0.001) and age (P = 0.003). The interaction effect between age and comorbidity showed that the negative association between age and time to virus clearance remained significant only in patients without underlying diseases (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: This study describes the clinical characteristics of children infected with the Omicron variant of SARS-CoV-2 and calls for additional studies to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of vaccination against COVID-19 in children.

13.
Foods ; 12(2)2023 Jan 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2215751

ABSTRACT

In recent years, research on the interaction between flavonoids and intestinal microbes have prompted a rash of food science, nutriology and biomedicine, complying with future research trends. The gut microbiota plays an essential role in the maintenance of intestinal homeostasis and human health, but once the intestinal flora dysregulation occurs, it may contribute to various diseases. Flavonoids have shown a variety of physiological activities, and are metabolized or biotransformed by gut microbiota, thereby producing new metabolites that promote human health by modulating the composition and structure of intestinal flora. Herein, this review demonstrates the key notion of flavonoids as well as intestinal microbiota and dysbiosis, aiming to provide a comprehensive understanding about how flavonoids regulate the diseases by gut microbiota. Emphasis is placed on the microbiota-flavonoid bidirectional interaction that affects the metabolic fate of flavonoids and their metabolites, thereby influencing their metabolic mechanism, biotransformation, bioavailability and bioactivity. Potentially by focusing on the abundance and diversity of gut microbiota as well as their metabolites such as bile acids, we discuss the influence mechanism of flavonoids on intestinal microbiota by protecting the intestinal barrier function and immune system. Additionally, the microbiota-flavonoid bidirectional interaction plays a crucial role in regulating various diseases. We explain the underlying regulation mechanism of several typical diseases including gastrointestinal diseases, obesity, diabetes and cancer, aiming to provide a theoretical basis and guideline for the promotion of gastrointestinal health as well as the treatment of diseases.

14.
Human Behavior & Emerging Technologies ; : 1-9, 2023.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2194251

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic forced many organizations to move to telework and smart work (SW), and this practice is expected to continue even later in the postpandemic period. Hence, it is very important for managers and organizations to identify the motivating and deterrent factors in adopting smart work and plan to manage them. Therefore, the present study using an innovative methodology tried to identify and prioritize the factors influencing employee SW adoption. In the first stage, the conceptual model of the research was designed, inspired by the literature. In the next step, using structural equation modeling (SEM), antecedents whose effects on employee SW adoption were confirmed were identified. Finally, the output of the SEM model was considered as the input of the multilayer perceptron (MLP) model, which is an artificial neural network model, to determine the importance of each antecedent in the prediction of employee behavior. The present study provides quantitative empirical evidence that perceived value, institutional and technological support, perceived limited communication, and perceived cost are antecedents of employee SW adoption that are, respectively, important in predicting the behavioral intentions of employees in acceptance of SW. The findings of this study contribute to both the SW and the behavioral intention theory literature. [ FROM AUTHOR]

15.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 11(2)2023 Jan 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2200990

ABSTRACT

The emergence of new variants of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has generated recurring worldwide infection outbreaks. These highly mutated variants reduce the effectiveness of current coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines, which are designed to target only the spike (S) protein of the original virus. Except for the S of SARS-CoV-2, the immunoprotective potential of other structural proteins (nucleocapsid, N; envelope, E; membrane, M) as vaccine target antigens is still unclear and worthy of investigation. In this study, synthetic DNA vaccines encoding four SARS-CoV-2 structural proteins (pS, pN, pE, and pM) were developed, and mice were immunized with three doses via intramuscular injection and electroporation. Notably, co-immunization with two DNA vaccines that expressed the S and N proteins induced higher neutralizing antibodies and was more effective in reducing the SARS-CoV-2 viral load than the S protein alone in mice. In addition, pS co-immunization with either pN or pE + pM induced a higher S protein-specific cellular immunity after three immunizations and caused milder histopathological changes than pS alone post-challenge. The role of the conserved structural proteins of SARS-CoV-2, including the N/E/M proteins, should be investigated further for their applications in vaccine design, such as mRNA vaccines.

16.
Front Public Health ; 10: 1054617, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2199534

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The dramatic decrease in the number of reported cases of pertussis during COVID-19 pandemic has been underestimated. The objective was to compare the estimated incidence rate of pertussis in populations pre- and post-COVID-19 pandemic by analyzing the anti-pertussis toxin (anti-PT) IgG and anti-filamentous hemagglutininant (anti-FHA) IgG antibodies in healthy Chinese population from 2018 to 2021. Methods: All serum samples (N = 1,000) were collected from healthy population (aged ≥ 15 years) who attended an annual monitoring project of antibody levels in Jiangsu province in 2018-2021 were measured by ELISA. Results: The positive rates of anti-PT IgG and anti-FHA IgG antibodies were 11.4% (114/1,000) and 20.2% (202/1,000) (≥40 IU/ml), the GMC were 17.25 (95% CI: 15.49-19.03) IU/mL and 24.94 (95% CI: 22.73-27.16) IU/mL in the study population, respectively. The percentage of participants with anti-PT IgG antibodies higher than 40 IU/mL was 5.20% (11/212) in 2018, 5.5% (19/348) in 2019, 21.2% (46/217) in 2020 and 17.0% (38/223) in 2021, respectively. The non-detectable rate (<5 IU/mL) of anti-PT IgG antibodies was 16.9, 17.7, 28.1, and 37.3% in 2018, 2019, 2020, and 2021, respectively. We assumed that the infection occurred within 58.6 days, and based on the overall proportion (2.9%) of individuals with anti-PT IgG antibody ≥100 IU/ml, the incidence rate (/100) was estimated by the formula to be 18.08 (95% CI: 12.40-26.11). In addition, the estimated incidence of Post-COVID-19 was higher than that of Pre-COVID-19 (36.33/100 vs. 12.84/100), and the difference was statistically significant (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Our results suggest a high rate of under-reporting of pertussis in Jiangsu Province both pre- and post-COVID-19 pandemic, and there are a large number of adults of childbearing age who are susceptible to pertussis. It seems imperative that vaccination of adolescents and adults should be considered for inclusion in vaccination programs.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Whooping Cough , Adult , Adolescent , Humans , Incidence , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Pandemics , Antibodies, Bacterial , Immunoglobulin G , COVID-19/epidemiology , Whooping Cough/epidemiology , Pertussis Toxin , China/epidemiology
17.
Drugs Aging ; 40(2): 145-151, 2023 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2175294

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Recently, studies have pointed to a link between coronavirus disease 2019 vaccinations and myocarditis. Myocarditis following an influenza vaccine has been sporadically reported. However, it is not known whether this adverse event occurs among elderly individuals who have received influenza vaccines. We used a population-based database and a self-controlled case-series design to estimate the incidence of myocarditis following an influenza vaccination. METHODS: Data were extracted from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database. The study population consisted of elderly people aged ≥ 65 years who had de novo myocarditis, which required hospitalization, within 6 months after receiving an influenza vaccination between 2003 and 2017. The first 1-7, 1-14, and 1-42 days after vaccination were defined as risk intervals, and the other periods were defined as control intervals. Poisson regression was used to calculate the incidence rate ratio for myocarditis between the risk and control periods. RESULTS: Within 180 days following a vaccination, 191 people were hospitalized for myocarditis among 19,678,904 people. In comparison with control intervals, the incidence rate ratios of an admission for myocarditis for days 1-7, 1-14, and 1-42 were 0.80 (95% confidence interval 0.36-1.81), 0.72 (95% confidence interval 0.39-1.32), and 0.73 (95% confidence interval 0.50-1.05), respectively. Subgroup analyses by sex, age, Charlson Comorbidity Index scores, and comorbidities did not yield significant differences in the incidence rate ratio. CONCLUSIONS: Regardless of the post-vaccination time and underlying baseline characteristics, the incidence risk of myocarditis is not significantly increased in the elderly following an influenza vaccination.


Subject(s)
Influenza Vaccines , Influenza, Human , Myocarditis , Aged , Humans , Incidence , Influenza Vaccines/adverse effects , Influenza, Human/prevention & control , Myocarditis/etiology , Myocarditis/chemically induced , Vaccination/adverse effects , Taiwan/epidemiology
18.
Disease Surveillance ; 37(10):1356-1362, 2022.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2155438

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the RNA detection performance of SARS-CoV-2 Variants of Concern (VOCs) in 32 provincial or municipal CDC laboratories in COVID-19 surveillance network in China through an external quality assessment (EQA), and evaluate the clinical performance of the current SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acids detection kits used and provided by the participating laboratories.

19.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 1056884, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2163055

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To investigate the effect and its mechanisms of different antiviral agents on the immunogenicity of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) vaccines in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). Methods: A total of 125 patients with CHB receiving nucleos(t)ide analogs (NAs) monotherapy or combined with Peg-interferon-alpha (Peg-IFNα) therapy and 29 healthy controls (HCs) were enrolled. Adverse reactions (ADRs) and levels of neutralizing antibody (NAb), immunoglobulin G (IgG), immunoglobulin M (IgM), and peripheral cytokines post-vaccination were analyzed. Results: All ADRs were tolerable in CHB patients. Overall, no significant difference was observed in the antibody levels between patients and HCs after two doses of vaccination. An inverse correlation between NAb, IgG titers and the days after two doses was found in non-IFN group but not in IFN group. Correspondingly, peripheral interferon-γ levels were significantly higher in IFN group than in non-IFN group. After a booster dose, NAb and IgG antibodies were maintained at high levels in NA-treated patients. Conclusion: Peg-interferon-alpha-based therapy may be beneficial for maintaining the immunogenicity of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines in CHB patients, which may be related to the high levels of IFN-γ induced by Peg-IFNα therapy. A booster dose can effectively recall the robust and long-lasting immunogenicity of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines.

20.
Front Public Health ; 10: 1021200, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2142353

ABSTRACT

We report a severe COVID-19 complicated with MIS-C in a girl treated by the author in China, and discuss the current research status and progress in the diagnosis and therapy of MIS-C in children. The patient was a 4-year-old child previously healthy who was referred to the hospital with a complaint of fever, finally, Multisystem inflammatory syndrome was diagnosed with COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Female , Humans , Child, Preschool , China
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