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1.
Exp Results ; 2: e4, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1287726

ABSTRACT

We created a new, 8-item scale called "Career Student Planning Scale (CSPS)" for a valid and reliable measure regarding college students' career planning during a traumatic event, such as a pandemic. CSPS is conceptually similar to the career decision-making difficulty questionnaire (CDDQ) and the career decision self-efficacy (CDSE) scale. CSPS leans towards questions about college students' perceptions about career planning, rather than intuitions about career decision-making; it also inquires about how participants conceptualize about their career plans to be correct, rather than the more extreme idea about how their intuitions are correct: we developed this scale to capture the latter construct. We included the coronavirus anxiety scale (CAS), CDDQ, the general procrastination scale (GPS), and the CDSE short form (CDSE-SF) as covariates to ensure that CSPS has distinct effects on their career paths. Our findings indicate the CSPS has acceptable psychometric properties and demonstrates a valuable input to those measures.

2.
Front Psychiatry ; 12: 575005, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1178040

ABSTRACT

Background: The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) resulted in a substantial workload and stress for frontline health professionals in high-risk areas. Little research has investigated the mechanism of occupational burnout among the frontline health professionals located in the center of the epidemic in Wuhan, China. Methods: A total of 199 frontline health professionals from Wuhan Jinyintan Hospital completed the cross-sectional survey. Mechanisms of occupational burnout (according to the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey, MBI-GS) among the health professionals in Jinyintan Hospital during the COVID-19 outbreak were examined using a structural equation model (SEM). Results: The levels of the three burnout dimensions (emotional exhaustion, cynicism, and professional efficacy) were high at 34.2, 50.8, and 35.2%, respectively. Frontline health professionals in this stressful period reported significantly greater emotional exhaustion (p < 0.001) and job-related cynicism (p < 0.001), but no significant difference in professional efficacy (p = 0.449), when compared to employees in a large multinational company. The SEM results revealed that both acute stress symptoms and psychosomatic symptoms significantly predicted the emotional exhaustion and occupation cynicism dimensions of burnout. Conclusion: The study reveals the occupational burnout mechanism of frontline health professionals during the COVID-19 peak at the time of the outbreak. This study provides an important contribution to understanding the future psychological interventions necessary for frontline health professionals during an epidemic crisis.

3.
Exp Ther Med ; 21(4): 362, 2021 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1120617

ABSTRACT

Infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) may target the central nervous system and several neurological symptoms have been reported in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). In the present study, a case of a SARS-CoV-2 complicated with meningoencephalitis was reported. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analyses indicated hyperproteinorrachia but the specimen was negative for SARS-CoV-2 RNA. Furthermore, 10 published articles reporting on patients with COVID-19-associated meningitis/encephalitis were reviewed. Patients diagnosed with COVID-19-associated meningitis/encephalitis had diverse clinical neurological manifestations, including consciousness disturbance, epileptic attacks, psychotic syndrome and meningeal irritation signs. CSF tests revealed elevated protein, lymphocytes and cytokines. SARS-CoV-2 may be detected in the CSF of certain cases. Neuroimaging findings included hyperintense signal changes in the white matter and enhancement of meninges on brain MRI. Certain patients responded well to corticosteroid therapy and had a favorable prognosis, while elderly patients tended to have poor outcomes due to multiple organ dysfunction.

5.
Front Pharmacol ; 11: 574562, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-993408

ABSTRACT

Objective: This research aims to analyze the application regularity of Chinese patent medicine during the COVID-19 epidemic by collecting the names of the top three Chinese patent medicines used by 24 hospitals in 14 provinces of China in four time periods (January 20-22, February 16-18, March 01-03, April 01-03, 2020), and explore its contribution to combating the disease. Methods: 1) We built a database of the top three Chinese patent medicines used by 24 hospitals. 2) The frequency and efficacy distribution of Chinese patent medicine were analyzed with risk areas, regions, and hospitals of different properties as three factors. 3) Finally, we analyzed the differences in the use of heat-clearing and non-heat-clearing medicines among the three factors (χ2 test) and the correlation between the Chinese patent medicine and COVID-19 epidemic (correlation analysis) with SPSS 23.0 statistical software. Results: 1) The heat-clearing medicine was the main use category nationwide during January 20-22, 2020. Meanwhile, there was a significant difference in the utilization rate of heat-clearing and non-heat-clearing medicine in different risk areas (p < 0.01). 2) The variety of Chinese patent medicine was increased nationwide during February 16-18, 2020, mainly including tonics, blood-activating and resolving-stasis, and heat-clearing medicines. Meanwhile, there was a significant difference in the utilization rate of heat-clearing and non-heat-clearing medicine in the southern and northern regions (p < 0.05). 3) Tonics, and blood-activating and resolving-stasis medicines became the primary use categories nationwide during March 01-03, 2020. 4) The tonics class, and blood-activating and resolving-stasis medicine were still the primary categories nationwide during April 01-03, 2020. Meanwhile, there was a significant difference in the utilization rate of heat-clearing and non-heat-clearing medicine in different risk areas (p < 0.01). Conclusion: Chinese patent medicine has a certain degree of participation in fighting against the COVID-19. The efficacy distribution is related to the risk area, region, and hospital of different properties, among which the risk area is the main influencing factor. It is hoped that future research can further collect the application amount of Chinese patent medicine used in hospitals all over the country, so as to perfectly reflect the relationship between Chinese patent medicine and the epidemic situation.

6.
Chinese Journal of Nosocomiology ; 30(17):2583-2587, 2020.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-923199

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively observe the clinical effect of integrated Chinese and Western medicine combined with millimeter wave therapy on treatment of non-critical COVID-19 patients. METHODS: A total of 47 patients with COVID-19 who were treated in the People's Hospital of Hong'an County from Feb 2, 2020 to Feb 19, 2020 were enrolled in the study, the patients were given integrated Chinese and Western medicine therapies such as oxygen therapy, antiviral treatment, supportive treatment and Chinese patent medicine, and the millimeter wave therapy was applied to the acupoints twice a day. The respiratory function indexes such as oxygenation index and oxyhemoglobin saturation, chest CT, number of times of cough in a day and blood test indexes were collected after the millimeter wave treatment system was used for 1 day (T1), 3 days (T2), 10 days (T3) and 14 days (T4). RESULTS: The oxygenation index and blood oxygen saturation of the 47 patients were significantly higher at T2, T3 and T4 than at T1 after the integrated Chinese and Western medicine combined with millimeter wave therapy (P<0.05). There was significant difference in the percentage of the patients with grade 3 chest CT among all the time points except for T2 and T1 (P<0.05). There were significant differences in the number of times of cough and body temperature between the time points and T1 (P<0.05). The lactic dehydrogenase(LDH) level was slowly reduced, and there was significant difference between T4 and T1 (P<0.05). There were no significant differences in the white blood cell, lymphocyte, hemoglobin, potassium, sodium and chlorine at the admission. 4 patients were tested positive at T4, and the negative conversion ratio was 91.5%. CONCLUSION: The integrated Chinese and Western medicine combined with millimeter wave therapy can achieve remarkable effect on improvement of clinical symptoms of the COVID-19 patients such as oxygenation index and promote the nucleic acid to turn negative, and it has certain clinical application value.

7.
Global Health ; 16(1): 102, 2020 10 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-885994

ABSTRACT

The continued spread of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has a serious impact on everyone across the globe, both physically and psychologically. In addition to proactive measures addressing physical survival needs and health protection, China has launched a mental health support system to cope with the widespread psychological stress during the pandemic and its aftermath. In this debate, the authors attempted to depict and reflect upon the overall framework of China's mental health support, with particular reference to the psychological intervention in response to COVID-19 over the last few months. Although a lot of effort has been made to meet the mental health needs, the accessibility, acceptability and effectiveness of the support system still have much room for improvement. Therefore, it is very important to re-think the predicament and challenge on ways of enhancing public mental health emergency responses in China. The concepts of universality, timeliness and scientific rigour were proposed as a possible reform in preparation for large-scale natural or man-made disasters in the coming future.


Subject(s)
Adaptation, Psychological , Coronavirus Infections/psychology , Mental Health Services/organization & administration , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/psychology , Stress, Psychological/psychology , COVID-19 , China/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Stress, Psychological/epidemiology
8.
Parkinsons Dis ; 2020: 1216568, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-852753

ABSTRACT

Introduction: This study investigated the influence of lockdown during the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic on the quality of life of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Methods: We conducted a questionnaire survey involving 113 patients with PD from Xihu District, Hangzhou, Zhejiang. During the epidemic prevention and control period (February 1 to March 31, 2020), patients enrolled were asked to fill out questionnaires, including the "COVID-19 Questionnaire for PD Patients during the Period of Epidemic Prevention and Control" and "39-item Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire (PDQ-39)." During the phase of gradual release of epidemic prevention and control (April 1 to April 30, 2020), all patients were followed up again, and PDQ-39 questionnaires were completed. Results: The quality of life for patients during the period of epidemic prevention and control was worse than that after epidemic prevention and control (P < 0.001). The biggest problem that they faced was that they could not receive their doctor's advice or guidance regularly. The quality of life of patients who had difficulty getting doctors' guidance or those who changed their routine medication due to lockdown was even worse. Telemedicine was quite effective and efficient for patients to get doctors' guidance during lockdown. Conclusions: The inconvenient treatment during the pandemic directly caused the aggravation of patients' symptoms and the decline in their quality of life. It is suggested that social media (such as WeChat or Tencent QQ) are used for regular interactions and follow-up appointments for patients with inconvenient medical treatment.

10.
Open Forum Infect Dis ; 7(8): ofaa273, 2020 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-631823

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 has spread rapidly and internationally, which has elicited public panic and psychological problems. Public protective behaviors and perception play crucial roles in controlling the spread of illness and psychological status. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional online survey in the hardest-hit Hubei province and other areas in China affected by the COVID-19 outbreak. Questions about their basic information, the perception of the COVID-19 outbreak, recent preventive or avoidance behaviors, and self-reported mental health scales including the Patient Health Questionnaire and Self-Rating Anxiety Scale were included. Binary logistic regressions were used to investigate the association between personal variables/perceptions and psychological distress. Results: A total of 6261 people were included in the analysis, with 3613 (57.7%) in Hubei province (1743 in Wuhan). The majority of people have adopted preventive and avoidance behaviors. People from Hubei, with contact history, and people who were infected or whose family members were infected had a much higher prevalence of depression and anxiety. Providing truthful and sufficient information, informing the public about the severity of the disease, and perceptions that the outbreak can be controlled by protective behaviors were associated with lower prevalence of depression and anxiety. Conclusions: Assessing the public response, perception, and psychological burden during the outbreak may help improve public health recommendations and deliver timely psychological intervention. Further research may focus on the psychological status of a specialized group to identify methods of delivery of better support based on public response and psychological demand.

11.
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol ; 41(7): 772-776, 2020 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-154362

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To prevent and control public health emergencies, we set up a prescreening and triage workflow and analyzed the effects on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). METHODS: In accordance with the requirements of the level 1 emergency response of public health emergencies in Shaanxi Province, China, a triage process for COVID-19 was established to guide patients through a 4-level triage process during their hospital visits. The diagnosis of COVID-19 was based on positive COVID-19 nucleic acid testing according to the unified triage standards of the Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia (Trial version 4),4 issued by the National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China. RESULTS: The screened rate of suspected COVID-19 was 1.63% (4 of 246) in the general fever outpatient clinic and 8.28% (13 of 157) in the COVID-19 outpatient clinic, and they showed a significant difference (P = .00). CONCLUSIONS: The triage procedure effectively screened the patients and identified the high-risk population.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Infection Control/methods , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Triage/statistics & numerical data , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , China , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Fever/virology , Hospitals/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Mass Screening , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Practice Guidelines as Topic , SARS-CoV-2 , Symptom Assessment , Triage/methods , Triage/standards , Workflow
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