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1.
Journal of Pacific Rim Psychology ; 17, 2023.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2328366

ABSTRACT

Although various internet memes (IMs) were disseminated and popularized during the COVID-19 pandemic, the degree to which people appreciate them is unclear. In this study, people's appreciation of three kinds of typical IMs, which respectively conveyed the humorous (H-IM), encouraging (E-IM), and aggressive (A-IM) feelings towards the pandemic and the consequences it brought about, along with one objective description (OD) serving as the control condition, were compared. The results showed that the E-IMs and H-IMs were significantly more appreciated and loved than the A-IMs, thus supporting the prediction of positive psychology and humor regulation of negative emotion but failing to support the theory of psychology catharsis that emphasizes the need of making aggression to release tense and angry feelings caused by the pandemic. The results also showed that creativity played a mediating role for the positivity component in E-IMs and the humor component in H-IMs when predicting their fondness ratings. For the H-IMs, creativity could even fully mediate the impact of humor for exerting regulation effects on negative emotions evoked by the pandemic-related affairs such as home quarantine. This result revealed the creative nature of the IMs and showed that IMs are a kind of insightful cognitive restructuring that people make as a creative adaption to unfavorably changed situations caused by the pandemic.

2.
Journal of Hospitality Marketing and Management ; 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2283787

ABSTRACT

Under the crisis of food and energy shortage caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, it is emergently important to emphasize food waste prevention in the tourism and hospitality industry because people around the world have started traveling in the post-pandemic era. Based on norm activation model and individualism-collectivism, this study proposes a perspective of religious beliefs to conceptualize divine awareness (i.e. divine retribution and divine rewards) and environmental awareness (i.e. resource scarcity and eco-friendly) on the formation of food waste prevention practices. A total of 571 samples from Taiwan and 483 samples from the United States was collected. Both countries showed that religious beliefs improved divine retribution, divine rewards, and religious food waste prevention practices. Divine rewards enhanced tourists' awareness of resource scarcity and eco-friendly, and resource scarcity led to religious food waste prevention practices. Interestingly, the effects of divine retribution on resource scarcity and eco-friendly were significant only in Taiwan. © 2023 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

3.
Journal of Medical Sciences (Taiwan) ; 43(1):40-42, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2263353

ABSTRACT

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a common pathogen that causes respiratory tract infection and has been found to co-infect with other bacteria. Although the virus can cause morbidity and mortality in the elderly, RSV-bacteria co-infection had rarely been reported. In this paper, we reported the case of an elderly woman with RSV and Streptococcus pneumoniae co-infection in a familial cluster during the COVID-19 pandemic era. The patient was treated appropriately and showed complete recovery.Copyright © 2023 Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications. All rights reserved.

4.
Journal of Cleaner Production ; 388, 2023.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2242634

ABSTRACT

Assessing progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is among the most pressing areas for sustainability research. Both international and inter-provincial trade has substantial impacts on sustainability. However, little is known about the impacts of inter-provincial trade on progress towards achieving the SDG targets and the relationships among SDG indicators through time and space. Here we, taking Chinese inter-provincial trade as a study case, used a spatiotemporal approach and the multi-regional input-output (MRIO) model to examine changes in six SDG indicators and their relationships within China in the year 2002, 2007, 2010, 2012, 2015, and 2017. The results showed that (1) Chinese inter-provincial trade improved the trade-related SDG target scores of 16 provinces out of the evaluated 30 provinces but reduced the trade-related SDG target scores of the remaining 14 provinces. (2) Chinese inter-provincial trade and distant trade were more beneficial for achieving the trade-related SDG targets in developed provinces (e.g., Beijing), which thus improved China's overall SDG target scores. In contrast, Chinese inter-provincial trade suppressed the trade-related SDG target scores of developing provinces (e.g., Guangxi). (3) Individual SDG indicators, SDG target bundles, and interactions among SDG indicators changed across both time and space. (4) The no-trade scenario in Hubei province during the COVID-19 pandemic will have a clearly inhibiting effect on China's overall SDG target scores. Besides, trade with adjacent provinces would improve Hubei's SDG target scores, while these trades have more negative effects (approximately 50-83% of provinces suffered from greater reductions in SDG target scores) on Hubei's adjacent provinces. Our study suggests the spatiotemporal dynamic characteristics of SDG indicators and their interactions deserve more attention, which can help identify the drivers behind these changing relationships.

5.
Particuology ; 78:23-34, 2023.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2228809

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effect of COVID-19 control measures on aerosol chemistry, the chemical compositions, mixing states, and formation mechanisms of carbonaceous particles in the urban atmosphere of Liaocheng in the North China Plain (NCP) were compared before and during the pandemic using a single particle aerosol mass spectrometry (SPAMS). The results showed that the concentrations of five air pollutants including PM2.5, PM10, SO2, NO2, and CO decreased by 41.2%-71.5% during the pandemic compared to those before the pandemic, whereas O3 increased by 1.3 times during the pandemic because of the depressed titration of O3 and more favorable meteorological conditions. The count and percentage contribution of carbonaceous particles in the total detected particles were lower during the pandemic than those before the pandemic. The carbonaceous particles were dominated by elemental and organic carbon (ECOC, 35.9%), followed by elemental carbon-aged (EC-aged, 19.6%) and organic carbon-fresh (OCfresh, 13.5%) before the pandemic, while EC-aged (25.3%), ECOC (17.9%), and secondary ions-rich (SEC, 17.8%) became the predominant species during the pandemic. The carbonaceous particle sizes during the pandemic showed a broader distribution than that before the pandemic, due to the condensation and coagulation of carbonaceous particles in the aging processes. The relative aerosol acidity (Rra) was smaller before the pandemic than that during the pandemic, indicating the more acidic particle aerosol during the pandemic closely related to the secondary species and relative humidity (RH). More than 95.0% and 86.0% of carbonaceous particles in the whole period were internally mixed with nitrate and sulfate, implying that most of the carbonaceous particles were associated with secondary oxidation during their formation processes. The diurnal variations of oxalate particles and correlation analyses suggested that oxalate particles before the pandemic were derived from aqueous oxidation driven by RH and liquid water content (LWC), while oxalate particles during the pandemic were originated from O3dominated photochemical oxidation.(c) 2022 Chinese Society of Particuology and Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

6.
Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management ; 54:178-187, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2180591

ABSTRACT

Building upon self-determination theory and social exchange theory, this study proposes a research framework and examines the formation of service innovation performance. Data was collected during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2021. A total of 374 hotel employees from 92 departments were collected in Taiwan. The results revealed that both leader-member exchange (LMX) and coworker support exert positive effects on thriving at work and change-oriented organizational citizenship behavior (OCB). Besides, thriving at work exerted positive effects on change-oriented OCB, and change-oriented OCB exerted positive effects on service innovation performance. Furthermore, thriving at work partially mediated (1) the relationship between LMX and change-oriented OCB, and (2) the relationship between coworker support and change-oriented OCB. © 2022 The Authors

7.
Hepatology ; 76:S548-S549, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2156881
8.
Traditional Medicine Research ; 7(4), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1870367

ABSTRACT

Respiratory diseases are common conditions that endanger human health. Their etiology, pathogenesis, and prognosis are complex, and clinical research has been extensive. This paper reviews studies from the PubMed database to assess the progress of traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of respiratory diseases in 2021, focusing on related animal and cell models of coronavirus disease 2019. Traditional Chinese medicine extracts, such as polysaccharides and emodin, and classic prescriptions, such as Mahuang decoction, respond to the treatment of influenza by reducing viral infections and regulating the body’s immune response. Chinese herbal extracts, such as schizandra B and andrographolide, treat asthma by inhibiting inflammatory response pathway formation, NLRP3 inflammasome formation, oxidative stress, and autophagy. Traditional Chinese medicine extracts such as fucoxanthin, and proprietary Chinese medicines such as the Xihuang pill is used in the treatment of lung cancer, as it regulates the cell cycle, inhibit tumor cell proliferation, and enhance the body’s immune function. Classic formulas such as the kidney tonic lung formula and proprietary Chinese medicine, such as compound grass stone silkworm granules, relieve airway inflammation and improve lung function in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Chinese herbal extracts, such as jostilbene and sage phenol, inhibit epithelial cell–mesenchymal transformation and regulate the levels of inflammatory factors to treat idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis to provide a reliable basis for the treatment of respiratory diseases.

9.
Fudan University Journal of Medical Sciences ; 49(2):159-167, 2022.
Article in Chinese | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1810409

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the status and hotspots of global tuberculosis (TB) research from 2016 to 2021 based on bibliometric methods. Methods: Based on the Web of Science Core Collection Database, we indexed "articles" and "reviews" related to TB from Jan 1, 2016 to Nov 18, 2021.Using VOSviewer to cluster the published features, highly cited papers, key research directions and subject headings, a summary of research hotspots was formed. Results: A total of 22 264 articles were retrieved.The United States (5 026 papers, 22.57%) published the most papers, with an average citation frequency of 12.55, and Chinese mainland ranked the third (3 116 papers, 14.00%), with an average citation frequency of 6.38. The four most influential research areas were infectious diseases, microbiology, immunology, and respiratory system.The hotspots obtained after the clustering of keyword topics were epidemiological research including disease burden assessment, TB prevention regarding to latent TB infection treatment and TB vaccine development, TB rapid molecular diagnosis and immunology diagnosis technology, anti-TB drugs and treatment for drug resistant TB, TB infection immune response and pathogenic mechanism. Conclusion: In the past six years, TB research focused on disease burden and various new diagnostic methods, treatment methods, and preventive measures.Drug-resistant tuberculosis patients, childhood tuberculosis patients, and HIV-infected patients were the key populations for research. TB research needs to be sustainable during COVID-19 pandemic. © 2022, Editorial Department of Fudan University Journal of Medical Sciences. All right reserved.

10.
Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research ; 13(1):575-583, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1791334

ABSTRACT

Background:Dexamethasone reduces the mortality in patients with severe COVID-19. We evaluated the decline in C-reactive protein (CRP) after the treatment with standard dose dexamethasone and its association with mortality and body mass index (BMI).Material and Methods&Results:This was a retrospective cohort of 678 patients with COVID-19 admitted to the public healthcare system of New York City between July 1st and December 31st, 2020 with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19, who received at least one dose of dexamethasone and had more than one measurement of CRP. Mortality was compared among groups stratified by BMI and CRP response. The reference group had BMI 25-34.9 kg/m2 and CRP response. Male sex, increasing age and CRP non-response were associated with higher in-hospital mortality. Patients with BMI 25-34.9 kg/m2 and CRP non-response (OR 2.71 [1.43-5.15];p=0.002) and BMI > 35 kg/m2 and CRP non-response (OR 2.64 [1.05-6.62];p=0.038) were associated with higher mortality.Conclusion:CRP non-response was associated with a higher likelihood for death after adjusting for other confounding factors. The CRP non-response rate was significantly higher in patients with severe obesity.

11.
Antiviral Research ; 196:9, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1559093

ABSTRACT

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the causative agent of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Despite intensive and global efforts to discover and develop novel antiviral therapies, only Remdesivir has been approved as a treatment for COVID-19. Therefore, effective antiviral therapeutics are still urgently needed to combat and halt the pandemic. Viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) of SARS-CoV-2 demonstrates high potential as a reliable target for the development of antivirals. We previously developed a cell-based assay to assess the efficiency of compounds that target SARS-CoV-2 RdRp, as well as their tolerance to viral exoribonuclease-mediated proof-reading. In our previous study, we discovered that 2-((1H-indol-3-yl)thio)-N-phenyl-acetamides specifically targets the RdRp of both respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and influenza A virus. Thus, we hypothesize that 2-((1H-indol-3-yl)thio)-N-phenyl-acetamides may also have the ability to inhibit SARS-CoV-2 replication by targeting its RdRp activity. In this research, we test a compound library containing 103 of 2-((1H-indol-3-yl)thio)-N-phenyl-acetamides against SARS-CoV-2 RdRp, using our cell-based assay. Among these compounds, the top five candidates strongly inhibit SARS-CoV-2 RdRp activity while exhibiting low cytotoxicity and resistance to viral exoribonuclease. Compound 6-72-2a is the most promising candidate with the lowest EC50 value of 1.41 mu M and highest selectivity index (CC50/EC50) (above 70.92). Furthermore, our data suggests that 4-46b and 6-72-2a also inhibit the replication of HCoV-OC43 and HCoV-NL63 virus in a dose-dependent manner. Compounds 4-46b and 6-72-2a exhibit EC50 values of 1.13 mu M and 0.94 mu M, respectively, on HCoV-OC43 viral replication. However, higher concentrations of these compounds are needed to effectively block HCoV-NL63 replication. Together, our findings successfully identified 4-46b and 6-72-2a as promising inhibitors against SARS-CoV-2 RdRp.

12.
Yaoxue Xuebao ; 56(6):1663-1669, 2021.
Article in Chinese | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1543042

ABSTRACT

There is no specific drug against COVID-19, but berberine (BBR) has moderate anti-SARS-CoV-2 pseudovirus activity. Taking BBR as the lead, 18 novel N-cycloberberine derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for their anti-SARS-CoV-2 pseudovirus activities in vitro. Structure-activity relationship analysis revealed that introducing an appropriate heterocyclic group at position 9 might be beneficial for potency. Among the tested compounds, compound 3m showed the most potent activity against SARS-CoV-2, with EC50 value of 1.61 μmol·L-1 and SI value of 22.2, much better than that of BBR. Additional experiment indicated that 3m had inhibitory activity on multiple processes in viral invasion, including adsorption and membrane fusion, suggesting a multi-target synergistic mechanism of action. These results provide a novel family of lead compounds for the discovery of anti-SARS-CoV-2 candidates. © 2021, Chinese Pharmaceutical Association. All rights reserved.

13.
Journal of China Tourism Research ; : 21, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1390339

ABSTRACT

This study analyzes the rapid development of mobile payment in the fast-food restaurant industry and the effect it has on consumer behavior. Moreover, this work examines the influence of mobile payment users' motivation on satisfaction and the effects of motivation and satisfaction on continuance intention. A total of 547 questionnaires were collected in Shenzhen China prior to the late 2019 COVID-19 pandemic outbreak. The findings indicate that motivation and satisfaction each has a significant positive, direct effect on the continuance intention of mobile payment usage. The results show that intrinsic motivation, notably the Perceived Enjoyment factor, has a greater impact than satisfaction on continuance intention. Respondents are less satisfied with Perceived Privacy and Perceived Security but show greater satisfaction with Perceived Service Quality. Perceived Enjoyment and Perceived Service Quality can evoke the intention to continue to use mobile payment. The results of this research provide useful information for mobile payment providers and fast-food restaurant owners to further improve their services. The proposed consumer behavior framework of the continuance intention of mobile payment service usage can be used as a basis for hospitality researchers to refine research on mobile payment technology and service management.

14.
Zhong Hua Nan Ke Xue ; 26(3):205-209, 2020.
Article in Chinese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-984416

ABSTRACT

The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pneumonia has been classified as a category B and dealt with as a category A infectious disease by the National Health Commission of China, and also as a public health emergency of international concern by the World Health Organization. During the epidemic, unnecessary visits to hospitals may increase the risk of infection among patients and clinicians. Therefore, it is particularly important to provide some scientific medical guidance for patients with male diseases, which is also a current imperative for andrology management. And it also deserves the attention of clinical researchers whether COVID-19 pneumonia and its clinical treatments currently used may affect the male reproductive system.

15.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(21): 11402-11408, 2020 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-937847

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to explore the best follow-up management strategy for patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD) during the novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP) epidemic. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients undergoing PD who were followed up during the NCP epidemic by our hospital were enrolled in this study. Because of the need to control the epidemic, a follow-up system was established during the epidemic period, with WeChat, QQ, and the telephone as the main methods of communication. Outpatient and emergency follow-ups were carried out to ensure the safety of dialysis and the prevention and control of the epidemic. The follow-up strategy included response measures related to the epidemic situation, prevention of peritonitis related to PD, water and salt control, exercise guidance, and psychological care. According to the patient's condition, the appointment system was implemented, with one consulting room and one process for each patient. The emergency patients were isolated in accordance with the epidemic situation. RESULTS: Since January 2020, among the 580 patients undergoing PD who were followed up in our department and their families, none had NCP infection. During the epidemic period, the standard hemoglobin level and the inpatient rate decreased. Complications related to PD, such as peritonitis, cardiovascular complications caused by volume overload, and pulmonary infection, did not significantly increase, and the withdrawal rate and mortality rate decreased compared with those in the same period last year. CONCLUSIONS: The patient follow-up strategy during the epidemic period had a significant positive effect on preventing and controlling the epidemic. Furthermore, during the epidemic period, encouraging patients and caregivers to pay attention to protection at home, avoid going out, strengthen self-management, and other measures were beneficial to the control of kidney disease itself, which is worth promoting. The close relationship between doctors and patients during the epidemic had a positive effect on the occurrence of complications related to patients undergoing PD.


Subject(s)
Aftercare/methods , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Hemodialysis, Home/standards , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Pandemics/prevention & control , Peritoneal Dialysis/standards , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Aftercare/standards , Betacoronavirus/pathogenicity , COVID-19 , Caregivers/psychology , Communicable Disease Control/standards , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Coronavirus Infections/virology , Follow-Up Studies , Hemodialysis, Home/adverse effects , Hemodialysis, Home/psychology , Humans , Patient Education as Topic , Peritoneal Dialysis/adverse effects , Peritoneal Dialysis/psychology , Peritonitis/epidemiology , Peritonitis/etiology , Physician-Patient Relations , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Referral and Consultation/standards , SARS-CoV-2 , Self-Management/psychology , Telemedicine/standards , Treatment Outcome
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