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Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-292261

ABSTRACT

Background: Previous study have shown that seizures may occur as a result of vaccination. This study aimed to evaluate the risk and correlative factors of seizures in patients with epilepsy (PWE) after being vaccinated with COVID-19 and to provide reference opinions for PWE to receive COVID-19 vaccine. Methods: : We retrospectively enrolled PWE patients who were vaccinated against COVID-19 in the epilepsy centers of nine hospitals in China. The binary logistic regression analysis included variables with a P-value less than 0.1 in the univariate analysis. Results: : The study included 290 patients, of which 40 (13.8%) developed seizures within 14 days after vaccination, whereas 250 (86.2%) remained seizure-free. The binary logistic regression analysis revealed statistical significance in seizures within three months before vaccination (P<0.001, OR=10.121, 95% CI: 4.301-23.816) and withdrawal or reduction of anti-seizures medications (ASM) during the peri-vaccination period (P=0.027, OR=4.452, 95% CI: 1.182-16.768). In addition, 32 of 33 patients (97.0%) who were seizure-free within three months before vaccination and had normal EEG results before vaccination did not have any seizures within 14 days following vaccination. Conclusions: SARS-CoV-2 may induce epilepsy through an inflammatory cascade. It is recommended to provide the COVID-19 vaccine to seizure-free patients for at least three months before vaccination, and the vaccination is safer if EEG result is normal. During peri-vaccination period, all PWE should be prohibited from reducing ASM dosage. PWE with well-controlled seizures who have discontinued ASM might consider resuming ASM during the peri-vaccination period if their EEG results are aberrant.

2.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 702472, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1394794

ABSTRACT

In the past two decades, pandemics of several fatal coronaviruses have posed enormous challenges for public health, including SARS-CoV (2003), MERS-CoV (2012), and SARS-CoV-2 (2019). Among these, SARS-CoV-2 continues to ravage the world today and has lead to millions of deaths and incalculable economic damage. Till now, there is no clinically proven antiviral drug available for SARS-CoV-2. However, the bioactive molecules of natural origin, especially medicinal plants, have been proven to be potential resources in the treatment of SARS-CoV-2, acting at different stages of the viral life cycle and targeting different viral or host proteins, such as PLpro, 3CLpro, RdRp, helicase, spike, ACE2, and TMPRSS2. They provide a viable strategy to develop therapeutic agents. This review presents fundamental biological information on SARS-CoV-2, including the viral biological characteristics and invasion mechanisms. It also summarizes the reported natural bioactive molecules with anti-coronavirus properties, arranged by their different targets in the life cycle of viral infection of human cells, and discusses the prospects of these bioactive molecules for the treatment of COVID-19.

3.
J Chem Inf Model ; 60(12): 5735-5745, 2020 12 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1065777

ABSTRACT

The emergence of the new coronavirus (nCoV-19) has impacted human health on a global scale, while the interaction between the virus and the host is the foundation of the disease. The viral genome codes a cluster of proteins, each with a unique function in the event of host invasion or viral development. Under the current adverse situation, we employ virtual screening tools in searching for drugs and natural products which have been already deposited in DrugBank in an attempt to accelerate the drug discovery process. This study provides an initial evaluation of current drug candidates from various reports using our systemic in silico drug screening based on structures of viral proteins and human ACE2 receptor. Additionally, we have built an interactive online platform (https://shennongproject.ai/) for browsing these results with the visual display of a small molecule docked on its potential target protein, without installing any specialized structural software. With continuous maintenance and incorporation of data from laboratory work, it may serve not only as the assessment tool for the new drug discovery but also an educational web site for the public.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents/chemistry , COVID-19/drug therapy , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical/methods , SARS-CoV-2/drug effects , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2/metabolism , Antiviral Agents/pharmacology , Computer Simulation , Databases, Pharmaceutical , Drug Design , Humans , Molecular Docking Simulation , Protein Conformation , Small Molecule Libraries/chemistry , Small Molecule Libraries/pharmacology , Software , Viral Proteins/metabolism
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