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1.
Legality: Jurnal Ilmiah Hukum ; 30(2):267-282, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-20245164

ABSTRACT

Artificial Intelligence is categorized into the domain of computer science focused on creating intelligent machines that function like humans. Artificial Intelligence supports institutions including Islamic Financial Services in learning, making decision, and providing useful predictive analytics. The progress and promise that artificial intelligence has made and presented in finance have so far been remarkable, allowing for cheaper, faster, closer, more accessible, more lucrative, and more efficient finance especially during the pandemic covid-19 when people are required to stay at home yet still doing a banking transaction. Despite the incredible progress and promise made possible by advances in financial artificial intelligence, it nevertheless presents some serious perils and limitations. Three categories of risks and limitations involve the rise of virtual threats and cyber conflicts in the financial system, society behavioural changes, and legal amendments that cannot respond to technological developments, especially in developing countries. The main objective of this article is to evaluate the operations of the potential risks that may arise in the use of Artificial Intelligence in Islamic finance services, especially dealing with the legal arrangement that is supposed to be in line with business development. Indonesia is a country that adheres to civil law system, in which every legal arrangement is supposed to be based on written law. The lack of this legal system is where the speed of legal changes cannot keep up with the pace of technological development, which is present as a hinder to the development of Artificial Intelligence in the financial system. This article concludes that Artificial Intelligence will have a huge impact in the future on the Islamic Finance industry, but in Indonesian context, it still needs various efforts to reduce the potential risk that eventually has a big impact on the progress of Islamic banks. © 2022, University of Muhammadiyah Malang. All rights reserved.

2.
Natural Volatiles & Essential Oils ; 8(5):10054-10066, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1812618

ABSTRACT

Indonesia is often referred to as the Ring of Fire so that there are many natural disasters, especially earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis and landslides. Based on the Environmental Profile, geography and population can increase the risk of natural disasters in Indonesia. To overcome these losses, it is necessary to mitigate natural disaster losses. The efforts of the Indonesian government as regulated in Law No. 24 of 2007, have allocated a budget for disaster management in the APBN/APBD. The government needs to reform natural disaster risk financing policies to meet the need for large amounts of disaster funding, timely and targeted, more planned, sustainable and transparent to reduce economic losses and the burden on the state budget. This disaster risk financing must also be able to answer the financing needs when there is no disaster in the context of disaster risk mitigation and transfer, financing when a disaster occurs (emergency response) and financing after a disaster occurs (rehabilitation and reconstruction). One way of financing disaster risk that can be done is with insurance services or insurance companies. The insurance company is referred to as the individual risk insurer who follows the insurance. In insurance there is a contractual agreement between the insured and the insurer called the policy. The agreement is regarding the insurer who is willing to bear a number of risks that may arise in the future in exchange for certain payments from the insured. Payments made by the insured to the insurer are called premiums.

3.
Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences ; 9:1104-1108, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1572720

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: During the pandemic, COVID-19 spread very quickly between people. Thus, the patients’ rights to obtain treatment do not have to decrease the protection of the public. The perspectives of ethics, law, and justice prioritize the rights of the public as stated in the principle “Salus Populi Suprema Lex Esto” (Public safety is the highest law as regulated in the law). METHODS: This research employs the statute approach with comprehensive, all-inclusive, and systematic manners to the ratio legis of the Health Law. It also uses the philosophy approach. RESULTS: In Indonesia, the regulatory handling of the COVID-19 pandemic is based on the Law on Infectious Disease Outbreak. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the quick spread of this disease causes many fatalities. Thus, individual rights of patients must be ruled out to prioritize public rights. CONCLUSION: The legal perspective upholds the “Salus Populi Suprema Lex Esto” principle, namely, public safety is the highest law was the core of philosophy, law and ethics handling covid 19 pandemic.

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