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1.
J Arthroplasty ; 37(8S): S819-S822, 2022 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1977042

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: With the removal of total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) from the inpatient-only list, medical centers are faced with challenging transitions to outpatient surgery. We investigated if short-stay arthroplasty, defined as length of stay (LOS) <24 hours, would influence 90-day readmissions and emergency department (ED) visits at a tertiary referral center. METHODS: The institutional database was retrospectively queried for primary TKAs and THAs from July 2015 to January 2018, resulting in 2,217 patients (1,361 TKA and 856 THA). Patient demographics, including age, gender, body mass index, and American Society of Anesthesiologists score were collected. LOS, disposition, cost of care, 90-day ED visits, and readmissions were identified through the institutional database using electronic medical record data. Univariable and multivariable models were used to evaluate rates of 90-day readmissions and ED visits based on LOS <24 hours vs ≥24 hours. RESULTS: LOS <24 h was associated with significant decreases in 90-day ED visits (P = .003) and readmissions (P = .002). After controlling for potential confounding variables with a multivariable model, a significant decrease in ED visits (P = .034) remained in the THA cohort alone. Within TKA and THA cohorts, LOS <24 h was associated with lower costs (P < .001). Eighteen percent of patients with ≥24 h LOS were discharged to skilled nursing or rehabilitation facilities. CONCLUSION: In this cohort, LOS <24 hours was associated with decreased 90-day readmissions, ED visits, and costs. With the goal of minimizing costs and maintaining patient safety while efficiently using resources, outpatient and short-stay arthroplasty are valuable, feasible options in tertiary academic centers.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Patient Readmission , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects , Hospitals , Humans , Length of Stay , Patient Discharge , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
2.
Arthroplast Today ; 7: 268-272, 2021 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1131087

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In March 2020, elective total hip and knee arthroplasty (THA and TKA) were suspended across the United States in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. We had previously published the results of a survey to the affected patients from 6 institutions. We now present the results of a larger distribution of this survey, through May and June 2020, to electively scheduled patients representing different regions of the United States. METHODS: Fifteen centers identified through the American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons Research Committee participated in a survey study of THA and TKA patients. Patients scheduled for primary elective THA or TKA but canceled due to the COVID-19 elective surgery stoppage (3/2020-5/2020) were included in the study. Descriptive statistics along with subgroup analysis with Wilcoxon rank were performed. RESULTS: In total, surveys were distributed to 2135 patients and completed by 848 patients (40%) from 15 institutions. Most patients (728/848, 86%) had their surgery postponed or canceled by the surgeon or hospital. Unknown length of surgical delay remained the highest source of anxiety among survey participants. Male patients were more likely to be willing to proceed with surgery in spite of COVID-19. There were minimal regional differences in responses. Only 61 patients (7%) stated they will continue to delay surgery for fear of contracting COVID-19 while in the hospital. CONCLUSION: Similar to the previous study, the most anxiety-provoking thought was the uncertainty, over if and when the canceled joint replacement surgery could be rescheduled. Patients suffering from the daily pain of hip and knee arthritis who have been scheduled for elective arthroplasty remain eager to have their operation as soon as elective surgery is allowed to resume.

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