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researchsquare; 2022.


IntroductionHyaluronic acid (HA) is one of the main components of glycosaminoglycan (GAG) in proteoglycans. Among patients with novel coronavirus pneumonia, the serum HA content of severe patients was significantly higher than that of mild patients. Therefore, hyaluronic acid inhibitors have the potential to be the treatment of novel coronavirus pneumonia. This study plans to carry out a study on the optimization of the hyaluronic acid inhibitor Hymecromone in the treatment of COVID-19 to improve the therapeutic effect.Methods and analysisThis is a single-center, randomized, parallel controlled, double-blind clinical trial designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of hymecromone tablets in subjects who confirmed to be infected by the SARS-CoV-2 virus and diagnosed as mild or moderate novel coronavirus pneumonia in China. The subjects in the experimental arm shall receive necessary routine treatment and hymecromone tablets while the control arm shall receive placebo. The study aims to compare the proportion of subjects in the experimental group and the control group who developed disease progression within 28 days after initial treatment. Meanwhile, all subjects will be monitored for safety constantly during the whole study phases.Ethics and disseminationThe study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of Zhongshan Hospital Fudan University (identifiers: Clinical Ethical Approval No. B2022-251R).Trial, NCT05386420. Registered 24 May 2022, and limitations of this studyThis is one of the first prospective randomized controlled double-blind studies of the efficacy and safety of the hyaluronic acid inhibitor Hymecromone for the treatment of COVID-19. This study will be an innovative clinical intervention strategy, and is expected to provide an effective new treatment plan for the clinical treatment of severe infection with COVID-19. The limitation is it is a single center study, it might need more centers cases to be further external validated.INTRODUCTION

biorxiv; 2020.
Preprint in English | bioRxiv | ID: ppzbmed-10.1101.2020.11.04.361576


The COVID-19 pandemic is a widespread and deadly public health crisis. The pathogen SARS-CoV-2 replicates in the lower respiratory tract and causes fatal pneumonia. Although tremendous efforts have been put into investigating the pathogeny of SARS-CoV-2, the underlying mechanism of how SARS-CoV-2 interacts with its host is largely unexplored. Here, by comparing the genomic sequences of SARS-CoV-2 and human, we identified five fully conserved elements in SARS-CoV-2 genome, which were termed as "human identical sequences (HIS)". HIS are also recognized in both SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV genome. Meanwhile, HIS-SARS-CoV-2 are highly conserved in the primate. Mechanically, HIS-SARS-CoV-2 RNA directly binds to the targeted loci in human genome and further interacts with host enhancers to activate the expression of adjacent and distant genes, including cytokines gene and angiotensin converting enzyme II (ACE2), a well-known cell entry receptor of SARS-CoV-2, and hyaluronan synthase 2 (HAS2), which further increases hyaluronan formation. Noteworthily, hyaluronan level in plasma of COVID-19 patients is tightly correlated with severity and high risk for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and may act as a predictor for the progression of COVID-19. HIS antagomirs, which downregulate hyaluronan level effectively, and 4-Methylumbelliferone (MU), an inhibitor of hyaluronan synthesis, are potential drugs to relieve the ARDS related ground-glass pattern in lung for COVID-19 treatment. Our results revealed that unprecedented HIS elements of SARS-CoV-2 contribute to the cytokine storm and ARDS in COVID-19 patients. Thus, blocking HIS-involved activating processes or hyaluronan synthesis directly by 4-MU may be effective strategies to alleviate COVID-19 progression.

COVID-19 , Respiratory Distress Syndrome , Pneumonia , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Dissociative Identity Disorder