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1.
ESMO Open ; 7(3): 100499, 2022 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1821235

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: ESMO COVID-19 and CAncer REgistry (ESMO-CoCARE) is an international collaborative registry-based, cohort study gathering real-world data from Europe, Asia/Oceania and Africa on the natural history, management and outcomes of patients with cancer infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). PATIENTS AND METHODS: ESMO-CoCARE captures information on patients with solid/haematological malignancies, diagnosed with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Data collected since June 2020 include demographics, comorbidities, laboratory measurements, cancer characteristics, COVID-19 clinical features, management and outcome. Parameters influencing COVID-19 severity/recovery were investigated as well as factors associated with overall survival (OS) upon SARS-CoV-2 infection. RESULTS: This analysis includes 1626 patients from 20 countries (87% from 24 European, 7% from 5 North African, 6% from 8 Asian/Oceanian centres), with COVID-19 diagnosis from January 2020 to May 2021. Median age was 64 years, with 52% of female, 57% of cancer stage III/IV and 65% receiving active cancer treatment. Nearly 64% patients required hospitalization due to COVID-19 diagnosis, with 11% receiving intensive care. In multivariable analysis, male sex, older age, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status ≥2, body mass index (BMI) <25 kg/m2, presence of comorbidities, symptomatic disease, as well as haematological malignancies, active/progressive cancer, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) ≥6 and OnCovid Inflammatory Score ≤40 were associated with COVID-19 severity (i.e. severe/moderate disease requiring hospitalization). About 98% of patients with mild COVID-19 recovered, as opposed to 71% with severe/moderate disease. Advanced cancer stage was an additional adverse prognostic factor for recovery. At data cut-off, and with median follow-up of 3 months, the COVID-19-related death rate was 24.5% (297/1212), with 380 deaths recorded in total. Almost all factors associated with COVID-19 severity, except for BMI and NLR, were also predictive of inferior OS, along with smoking and non-Asian ethnicity. CONCLUSIONS: Selected patient and cancer characteristics related to sex, ethnicity, poor fitness, comorbidities, inflammation and active malignancy predict for severe/moderate disease and adverse outcomes from COVID-19 in patients with cancer.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Hematologic Neoplasms , Neoplasms , COVID-19 Testing , Cohort Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasms/epidemiology , Neoplasms/therapy , Registries , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Clinical Cancer Research ; 26(18 SUPPL), 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-992107

ABSTRACT

Background: At the last update of the TERAVOLT registry, patients with thoracic malignancies and COVID-19showed a high mortality rate (35.5% overall and 31% due to COVID-19) compared to the general population and toother solid tumors. Major determinants of mortality were age, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group PerformanceStatus (ECOG-PS), and previous administration of chemotherapy. No cancer-specific data are available with respectto small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) and other rare thoracic malignancies. Methods: TERAVOLT is an international, multicenter observational registry launched to collect data on patients withthoracic malignancies diagnosed with COVID-19 infection. Risk factors for hospitalization and mortality wereidentified by Wilcoxon rank sum tests (continuous variables) or χ2 tests (categorical variables). Here we present thesubgroup analyses of SCLC and other rare thoracic malignancies, including malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), thymic carcinoma/thymoma, and carcinoid/neuroendocrine lung tumors. Results: As of June 4th, 2020, a total of 581 patients with COVID-19 and thoracic cancers have been entered;among them, 66 (11%) were SCLC, 22 (4%) were MPM, 18 (3%) were thymic carcinoma/thymoma, 12 (2%) werecarcinoid/neuroendocrine lung tumors, and 442 (76%) NSCLC;21 were an unknown type. Among SCLC patients,54% were > 65 years old, 56% were males, 98% were current/former smokers, 31% had an ECOG-PS ≥ 2, 67%had stage IV disease, 82% were on current oncologic treatment at the COVID-19 diagnosis, and 58% werereceiving chemotherapy alone or in combination with immune checkpoint inhibitors. Among other non-NSCLCpatients, 56% were > 65 years old, 56% were males, 69% were current/former smokers, 24% had an ECOG-PS ≥ 2,50% had stage IV disease, 52% were on current oncologic treatment at the COVID-19 diagnosis, and 37% werereceiving chemotherapy alone or in combination with immune checkpoint inhibitors. Overall, 79.7% of the patientsrequired hospitalization, 15.4% were admitted to an ICU, and 39.8% died (36.2% due to COVID-19). Among SCLCpatients, 74.2% required hospitalization, 14.3% were admitted to an ICU, and 42.2% died (37.5% due to COVID-19).Among SCLC patients, age > 65 years old (p=0.81), gender (p=0.71), smoking status (p=1.0), ECOG-PS ≥2(p=0.17), disease stage of IV (p=0.37), and having received chemotherapy alone or with checkpoint inhibitors(p=0.84) were not associated with mortality. Conclusions: This analysis confirmed that patients with thoracic malignancies have a high mortality and risk forhospitalization due to COVID-19 overall. SCLC patients showed the highest mortality rate among thoracic cancerpatients.

3.
Journal of Clinical Oncology ; 38(18), 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-926334

ABSTRACT

Background: Early reports on cancer patients infected with COVID-19 have suggested a high mortality rate compared to the general population. Patients with thoracic malignancies are considered high risk given their age, preexisting comorbidities, smoking, and pre-existing lung damage in addition to therapies administered to treat their illness. Method: We launched a global consortium to collect data on patients with thoracic malignancies diagnosed with COVID-19 infection to understand the impact on this patient population. Goals of this consortium are to provide data for guidance to oncology professionals on treating patients with thoracic malignancies while understanding the risk factors for morbidity and mortality from this novel virus. Results: As of April 23, 2020, a total of 295 patients across 59 centers and 9 countries have been entered;median age 68, 31% female, 79% current/former smokers, HTN and COPD most common comorbidities;73% NSCLC, 14% SCLC, 4% meso and thymic, 49% patients with stage IV disease, majority on chemo or chemo-IO and 24% receiving RT. The use of IO or chemo-IO does not appear to impact risk of hospitalization, while treatment with TKI appears to be associated with a decreased risk of hospitalization. 73% patients required hospitalization, most common therapy given to treat COVID was antibiotics 67%, antivirals 33%, and steroids 30%. Conclusion: With an ongoing global pandemic of COVID-19 our data suggest that patients with thoracic malignancies are at high risk for hospitalization. Updated results to be presented will include impact on specific chemo-IO regimens and number of lines of therapy, which may impact hospitalization and risk of death as well as which therapies administered may impact survival in patients treated for COVID-19.

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