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The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine ; 95(3):399-403, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2047033


Early initiation of end-of-life (EOL) conversations has been shown to improve patient agency in dying, increase early access to hospice care, and facilitate a dignified death. Despite the benefits of early initiation, EOL conversations do not occur as readily as physicians or patients wish. While medicine is commonly considered both a science and an art, increasing medicalization may narrow a clinician’s focus towards procedures or specialized clinical frameworks rather than a patient’s end-of-life wishes. Since physicians are ambassadors of clinical knowledge and are trusted patient advocates, it is important they facilitate EOL conversations early in the dying process. Patients desire their physicians to convene these conversations. However, physicians are often hesitant to do so. Notable theologians, philosophers, and physicians offer a broad framework outlining the importance of physician-led EOL conversations.

Front Sociol ; 7: 768821, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1674427


Restrictions to research due to COVID-19 have required global health researchers to factor public health measures into their work and discuss the most ethical means to pursue research under safety concerns and resource constraints. In parallel, global health research opportunities for students have also adapted to safety concerns and resource constraints. Some projects have been canceled or made remote, but inventively, domestic research opportunities have been created as alternatives for students to continue gaining global health learning competencies. Knowing the ethical challenges inherent in short-term student global health research and research in strained health systems, it is intriguing why these safer alternatives were not previously pervasive in global health education. This paper provides perspectives from students training at academic institutions in the US on how COVID-19 disrupted student research and what can be learned from the associated shifts in global health research. Additionally, the authors take this opportunity to advocate for academic institutions from high-income countries to reflect on long-standing global health research conventions that have been perpetuated and bolster training for students conducting global health research. The authors draw on their experiences, existing literature, and qualitative interviews with students who pursued global health research during COVID-19.