Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 8 de 8
Filter
1.
J Intensive Care Med ; 36(11): 1331-1339, 2021 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1443734

ABSTRACT

Objective: To characterize skin integrity among coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients treated in the intensive care unit (ICU), and identify risk factors for skin failure (SF) in these patients. Design: The characteristic, profound pro-inflammatory, hypercoagulable state of COVID-19 is manifested by the high severity of illness and extensive organ dysfunction observed in these patients. SF in critically ill patients, although described previously, exhibits a uniquely complex pathogenesis in this population. Patients: Retrospective review of all COVID-19 patients (confirmed positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 [SARS-CoV-2]) admitted to a single surgical ICU for at least 48 hours between March-June 2020. Interventions: Data were extracted from a COVID-19 institutional data repository that harvested data from electronic health records and other clinical data sources. Demographics; coagulation/inflammation biomarkers; number, location, and stage of SF lesions; resource utilization; and outcomes were captured. Measurements and Main Results: 64 patients met inclusion criteria; 51 (80%) developed SF (SF+ ). Forty-three (85%) developed stage 3 or higher SF (χ2 = 22.66, P < .0001). Thirty-nine of 51 (76%) SF+ patients developed more than one SF lesion (χ2 = 13.26, P = .0003). SF+ patients manifested a profound pro-inflammatory, hypercoagulable phenotype (lower serum albumin and higher ferritin, interleukin [IL]-6 and D-dimer concentrations [all, P < .001]). Durations of mechanical ventilation, vasopressor therapy, and ICU length of stay were significantly longer (all, P < .05) in the SF + patients. Conclusions: The unique characteristics of COVID-19 dermatopathology and the strong correlation between markers of inflammation and development of SF reflect COVID-19-related organ dysfunction and its deleterious effects on the microcirculation. Considering that skin is invaded directly by SARS-CoV-2 and affected by COVID-19-related immune complex deposition and microthrombosis, SF may reflect disease as opposed to pressure injuries related to processes of care. In the context of COVID-19 critical illness, SF should not be considered a "never event."


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Critical Illness , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Respiration, Artificial , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Surgery ; 171(4): 1092-1099, 2022 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1401876

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: We evaluated rotational thromboelastometry tracings in 44 critically ill coronavirus disease 2019 patients, to determine whether there is a viscoelastic fingerprint and to test the hypothesis that the diagnosis and prediction of venous thromboembolism would be enhanced by the addition of rotational thromboelastometry testing. RESULTS: Rotational thromboelastometry values reflected an increase in clot strength for the EXTEM, INTEM, and FIBTEM assays beyond the reference range. No hyperfibrinolysis was noted. Fibrinolysis shutdown was present but did not correlate with thrombosis; 32% (14/44) of patients experienced a thrombotic episode. For every 1 mm increase of FIBTEM maximum clot formation, the odds of developing thrombosis increased 20% (95% confidence interval, 0-40%, P = .043), whereas for every 1,000 ng/mL increase in D-dimer, the odds of thrombosis increased by 70% (95% confidence interval, 20%-150%, P = .004), after adjustment for age and sex (AUC 0.96, 95% confidence interval, 0.90-1.00). There was a slight but significant improvement in model performance after adding FIBTEM maximum clot formation and EXTEM clot formation time to D-dimer in a multivariable model (P = .04). CONCLUSIONS: D-dimer concentrations were more predictive of thrombosis in our patient population than any other parameter. Rotational thromboelastometry confirmed the hypercoagulable state of coronavirus disease 2019 intensive care unit patients. FIBTEM maximum clot formation and EXTEM clot formation time increased the predictability for thrombosis compared with only using D-dimer. Rotational thromboelastometry analysis is most useful in augmenting the information provided by the D-dimer concentration for venous thromboembolism risk assessment when the D-dimer concentration is between 1,625 and 6,900 ng/dL, but the enhancement is modest. Fibrinolysis shutdown did not correlate with thrombosis.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Respiratory Distress Syndrome , Thrombophilia , Thrombosis , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/diagnosis , Humans , Thrombelastography , Thrombophilia/diagnosis , Thrombophilia/etiology , Thrombosis/diagnosis , Thrombosis/etiology
4.
J Clin Neurosci ; 87: 89-91, 2021 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1120247

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has a number of emerging neurological manifestations in addition to pneumonia and respiratory distress. In what follows, we describe a case of a previously healthy young man with severe COVID-19 who subsequently developed an acute flaccid paralysis. Work up revealed a lesion in his cervical spinal cord concerning for spinal infarction or transverse myelitis. He received empiric pulsed steroids without improvement. Taken together, we felt his presentation was most consistent with spinal cord infarction in the setting of critical illness with COVID-19. We believe this is a rare case of spinal cord stroke associated with COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/diagnostic imaging , Cervical Cord/diagnostic imaging , Infarction/diagnostic imaging , Infarction/etiology , Adult , Humans , Male , Spinal Cord Ischemia/diagnostic imaging , Spinal Cord Ischemia/etiology
5.
Crit Care Med ; 48(12): e1322-e1326, 2020 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1020296

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To describe the predictive utility of the D-dimer assay among patients with the coronavirus disease 2019 syndrome for unprovoked lower extremity deep venous thrombosis. DESIGN: Prospective observational study with retrospective data analysis. SETTING: Academic medical center surgical ICU. PATIENTS: Seventy-two intubated patients with critical illness from coronavirus disease 2019. INTERVENTIONS: Therapeutic anticoagulation after imaging diagnosis of the first three deep venous thrombosis cases was confirmed; therapeutic anticoagulation as prophylaxis thereafter to all subsequent ICU admissions. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Seventy-two patients with severe coronavirus disease 2019 were screened for deep venous thrombosis after ICU admission with 102 duplex ultrasound examinations, with 12 cases (16.7%) of lower extremity deep venous thrombosis identified. There were no differences between groups with respect to age, renal function, or biomarkers except for D-dimer (median, 12,858 ng/mL [interquartile range, 3,176-30,770 ng/mL] for lower extremity deep venous thrombosis vs 2,087 ng/mL [interquartile range, 638-3,735 ng/mL] for no evidence of deep venous thrombosis; p < 0.0001). Clinical screening tools (Wells score and Dutch Primary Care Rule) had no utility. The C-statistic for D-dimer concentration was 0.874 ± 0.065. At the model-predicted cutoff value of 3,000 ng/mL, sensitivity was 100%, specificity was 51.1%, positive predictive value was 21.8%, and negative predictive value was 100%. CONCLUSIONS: Lower extremity deep venous thrombosis is prevalent in coronavirus disease 2019 disease and can be present on ICU admission. Screening has been recommended in the context of the pro-inflammatory, hypercoagulable background milieu. D-dimer concentrations are elevated in nearly all coronavirus disease 2019 patients, and the test appears reliable for screening for lower extremity deep venous thrombosis at or above a concentration of 3,000 ng/mL (more than 13-fold above the normal range). Full anticoagulation is indicated if the diagnosis is confirmed, and therapeutic anticoagulation should be considered for prophylaxis, as all coronavirus disease 2019 patients are at increased risk.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products/biosynthesis , Venous Thrombosis/diagnosis , Venous Thrombosis/etiology , Academic Medical Centers , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Biomarkers , Blood Coagulation Tests , Female , Humans , Inflammation Mediators/metabolism , Intensive Care Units , Intubation, Intratracheal/statistics & numerical data , Male , Prospective Studies , Venous Thrombosis/drug therapy
6.
N Engl J Med ; 383(20): 1907-1919, 2020 11 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-920642

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Antibiotic therapy has been proposed as an alternative to surgery for the treatment of appendicitis. METHODS: We conducted a pragmatic, nonblinded, noninferiority, randomized trial comparing antibiotic therapy (10-day course) with appendectomy in patients with appendicitis at 25 U.S. centers. The primary outcome was 30-day health status, as assessed with the European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) questionnaire (scores range from 0 to 1, with higher scores indicating better health status; noninferiority margin, 0.05 points). Secondary outcomes included appendectomy in the antibiotics group and complications through 90 days; analyses were prespecified in subgroups defined according to the presence or absence of an appendicolith. RESULTS: In total, 1552 adults (414 with an appendicolith) underwent randomization; 776 were assigned to receive antibiotics (47% of whom were not hospitalized for the index treatment) and 776 to undergo appendectomy (96% of whom underwent a laparoscopic procedure). Antibiotics were noninferior to appendectomy on the basis of 30-day EQ-5D scores (mean difference, 0.01 points; 95% confidence interval [CI], -0.001 to 0.03). In the antibiotics group, 29% had undergone appendectomy by 90 days, including 41% of those with an appendicolith and 25% of those without an appendicolith. Complications were more common in the antibiotics group than in the appendectomy group (8.1 vs. 3.5 per 100 participants; rate ratio, 2.28; 95% CI, 1.30 to 3.98); the higher rate in the antibiotics group could be attributed to those with an appendicolith (20.2 vs. 3.6 per 100 participants; rate ratio, 5.69; 95% CI, 2.11 to 15.38) and not to those without an appendicolith (3.7 vs. 3.5 per 100 participants; rate ratio, 1.05; 95% CI, 0.45 to 2.43). The rate of serious adverse events was 4.0 per 100 participants in the antibiotics group and 3.0 per 100 participants in the appendectomy group (rate ratio, 1.29; 95% CI, 0.67 to 2.50). CONCLUSIONS: For the treatment of appendicitis, antibiotics were noninferior to appendectomy on the basis of results of a standard health-status measure. In the antibiotics group, nearly 3 in 10 participants had undergone appendectomy by 90 days. Participants with an appendicolith were at a higher risk for appendectomy and for complications than those without an appendicolith. (Funded by the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute; CODA ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02800785.).


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Appendectomy , Appendicitis/drug therapy , Appendicitis/surgery , Appendix/surgery , Absenteeism , Administration, Intravenous , Adult , Anti-Bacterial Agents/adverse effects , Appendectomy/statistics & numerical data , Appendicitis/complications , Appendix/pathology , Fecal Impaction , Female , Health Status , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Laparoscopy , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Quality of Life , Surveys and Questionnaires , Treatment Outcome
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL