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22nd Annual International Conference on Computational Science, ICCS 2022 ; 13351 LNCS:259-265, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1958884

ABSTRACT

Agent-based models frequently make use of scaling techniques to render the simulated samples of population more tractable. The degree to which this scaling has implications for model forecasts, however, has yet to be explored;in particular, no research on the spatial implications of this has been done. This work presents a simulation of the spread of Covid-19 among districts in Zimbabwe and assesses the extent to which results vary relative to the samples upon which they are based. It is determined that in particular, different geographical dynamics of the spread of disease are associated with varying population sizes, with implications for others seeking to use scaled populations in their research. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

2.
Journal of Adolescent Health ; 70(4):S30, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1936666

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Compared to cisgender peers, gender diverse youth (GDY) face significant mental health disparities. Parent affirmation reduces these disparities, but there are few evidence-based support programs for parents of GDY and none centered on 1:1 parent peer support, which has shown promise in other pediatric settings. This study aimed to evaluate a 1:1 peer mentor program for parents of GDY, the Parent Outreach Program (POP). Methods: We created anonymous online surveys consisting of open-ended questions about the POP distributed via email to program mentors (parents providing support) and mentees (parents receiving support). Participants were asked why they became involved, benefits and challenges, and how this program compared to others they had participated in. Open-ended responses were coded by two authors using two iteratively developed codebooks (one each for mentors and mentees);codes were adjudicated to consensus and key themes were identified for both participant types. Results: In total, 20 participants (6 mentors, 14 mentees) completed parallel surveys. Themes identified for mentors included feeling giving back was important, their mentoring experience, challenges, and personal growth resulting from being a mentor. Mentors wanted to help other families, “[POP was] rewarding in knowing that by helping the parents you can ultimately help the kids”. They shared logistical challenges like “coordinating schedules” as well as the potential for conversations to be triggering;“Sometimes it brings up a memory of my own family that evokes an emotion”. Mentors also noted their participation was a positive experience: “[POP] offers us the opportunity to grow in our knowledge and feelings in regard to our own child”. Themes identified for mentees included the importance of finding community through the POP, receiving education, relating to their mentors, practical considerations, and qualities of a good mentor. Parent mentees shared relief in finding a “sense of community”;as one mentee said, “It was a lifeline to some sanity”. They also noted that the POP gave them specialized information and that they connected with mentors based on shared experiences: “We craved parents with a true understanding of the many feelings, changes, activities…”. They addressed practical considerations like the intimacy of 1:1 support and that recommendations from a provider mattered to them: “This [program] is more intimate and focused on our stories;” “When the social worker offered it, I had no doubt.” Mentees stressed that mentors “being non-judgmental, willing to listen” was critical. All mentees noted that they would recommend POP to other parents. Conclusions: Both parent mentors and mentees shared that 1:1 peer support was valuable and allowed mentors to give back and experience personal growth, while providing community and resources to mentees who were struggling to understand and support their GDY’s journey. The POP also provides an alternative to large support groups given the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. This program and others offering 1:1 parent peer support may fill an important gap in supporting parents of GDY, ultimately improving mental health outcomes for their young people. Sources of Support: Dr. Kidd was supported by the National Center for Advancing Translational Science of the NIH, Award Number TL1TR001858.

3.
European Journal of Hospital Pharmacy. Science and Practice ; 29(Suppl 1):A27-A28, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1874576

ABSTRACT

Background and importanceThe COVID-19 pandemic has challenged all countries in a race against infection and the emergence of variants. Vaccination campaigns were the answer to this public health crisis.In our university hospital, a multidisciplinary team was mobilised for the opening of two vaccination centres (VCs): for health professionals and for patients with high risk of severe COVID-19 illness according to national health authority guidelines.Aim and objectivesThe aims of our study were to collect patient and nurse satisfaction regarding these VCs and to identify adverse events (AEs) related to vial manipulation.Material and methodsThis prospective study was conducted from April to May 2021. Two satisfaction questionnaires for patients and nurses were created, each containing 13 questions subdivided into four items. Patient items were: organisation of vaccination, care, service and quality of care. Nurse items were: VC organisation, handling of vials and syringes and interprofessionalism. Responses were rated from ‘poor’ to ‘very good’.ResultsOver 1 month, 51 patient questionnaires and 4 nurse questionnaires were collected.Regarding patient satisfaction, 82% of respondents expressed ‘very good’ satisfaction with their medical care. VC location and the convenience of the vaccination boxes received 61% and 65% of ‘very good’ ratings. Some patients mentioned low confidentiality measures.The nurses’ general satisfaction was 100% ‘very good’, as well as the cooperation with the pharmacy department. As for the information technology (IT) service, 50% answered ‘rather bad’. The impact of the media on their activity was perceived as ‘bad’ for half of them and ‘average’ for the other half.Nurses reported four AEs: broken vial, leakage during dilution, mishandling by some vaccinators, and defective vial.Conclusion and relevancePatients were generally satisfied with the care received and the nurses reported a positive general satisfaction of their experience at the VC. The IT poor appreciation can be explained by network difficulties affecting data collection and certificate edition. The presence of a referring vaccination pharmacist at the VC was associated with positive feedback, which testifies to the the efficiency of the pharmacist–nurse relationship. The AEs reported allowed the good manipulation pamphlets to be updated. For the continuation of COVID-19 vaccination campaigns with booster shots, these data will allow improvement of the installation of future VC.References and/or acknowledgementsConflict of interestNo conflict of interest

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