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1.
Resusc Plus ; 10: 100219, 2022 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1852002

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Code status orders impact clinical outcomes as well as patients' and surrogates' experiences. This is the first multicenter cohort examining code status orders of ICU patients with COVID-19 reported to date. Materials and methods: This is a retrospective cohort study including adult patients who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 and were admitted to the ICU at three hospitals in Massachusetts from March 11, 2020 - May 31, 2020. We examined differences in code status orders at multiple timepoints and performed multivariable regression analysis to identify variables associated with code status at admission. Results: Among 459 ICU patients with COVID-19, 421 (91.7%) were Full Code at hospital admission. Age and admission from a facility were positively associated with DNR status (adjusted OR 1.10, 95% CI 1.05-1.15, p < 0.001 and adjusted OR 2.68, CI 1.23-5.71, p = 0.011, respectively) while non-English preferred language was negatively associated with DNR status (adjusted OR 0.29, 95% CI 0.10-0.74, p = 0.012). Among 147 patients who died during hospitalization, 95.2% (140) died with DNR code status; most (86.4%) died within two days of final code status change. Conclusions: The association of non-English preferred language with Full Code status in critically ill COVID-19 patients highlights the importance of medical interpreters in the ICU. Patients who died were transitioned to DNR more than in previous studies, possibly reflecting changes in practice during a novel pandemic.

2.
Resuscitation plus ; 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1728351

ABSTRACT

Purpose Code status orders impact clinical outcomes as well as patients’ and surrogates’ experiences. This is the first multicenter cohort examining status orders of ICU patients with COVID-19 reported to date. Materials and methods This is a retrospective cohort study including adult patients who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 and were admitted to the ICU at three hospitals in Massachusetts from March 11, 2020 - May 31, 2020. We examined differences in code status orders at multiple timepoints and performed multivariable regression analysis to identify variables associated with code status at admission. Results Among 459 ICU patients with COVID-19, 421 (91.7%) were Full Code at hospital admission. Age and admission from a facility were positively associated with DNR status (adjusted OR 1.10, 95% CI 1.05-1.15, p < 0.001;adjusted OR 2.68, CI 1.23-5.71, p = 0.011) while non-English preferred language was negatively associated with DNR status (adjusted OR 0.29, 95% CI 0.10-0.74, p = 0.012). Among 147 patients who died during hospitalization, 95.2% (140) died with DNR code status;most (86.4%) died within two days of final code status change. Conclusions The association of non-English preferred language with Full Code status in critically ill COVID-19 patients highlights the importance of medical interpreters in the ICU. Patients who died were transitioned to DNR more than in previous studies, possibly reflecting changes in practice during a novel pandemic.

3.
ATS Sch ; 1(4): 416-435, 2020 Oct 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1191227

ABSTRACT

The American Thoracic Society Core Curriculum updates clinicians annually in adult and pediatric pulmonary disease, medical critical care, and sleep medicine in a 3- to 4-year recurring cycle of topics. The topics of the 2020 Pulmonary Core Curriculum include pulmonary vascular disease (submassive pulmonary embolism, chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension, and pulmonary hypertension) and pulmonary infections (community-acquired pneumonia, pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacteria, opportunistic infections in immunocompromised hosts, and coronavirus disease [COVID-19]).

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