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1.
European Heart Journal ; 42(SUPPL 1):101, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1554024

ABSTRACT

Background: The association between COVID-19 infection and the cardiovascular system has been well described. Strict precautions limit the use of formal echocardiography in this setting. Information on the importance of the utilization of a hand-held point-of-care cardiac ultrasound (POCCUS) for cardiac evaluation in these patients is scarce. Objective: To investigate the utilization of hand-held echocardiography in COVID-19 hospitalized patients and the association between cardiac pathologies and outcomes. Methods: Consecutive patients diagnosed with COVID-19 underwent POCCUS evaluation using a hand-held ultrasound within 24 hours of admission at our institute, throughout March-May 2020. According to the POCCUS results, the patients were divided into two groups: 'Normal' and 'Abnormal' (including left or right ventricular dysfunction or enlargement, or moderate/severe valvular regurgitation/stenosis). Results: Among 102 patients, 26 (25.5%) had an abnormal POCCUS study. They were older, with more co-morbidities, cardiovascular disease history, chronic medical therapy, and more severe presenting symptoms, as compared to the group with a normal echocardiography exam. Individual and composite endpoints (advanced ventilatory support, acute decompensated heart failure, shock, or death) are presented in Table 1. Multivariate logistic regression analysis adjusting for pertinent variables revealed that abnormal echocardiography at presentation was independently associated with the composite endpoint OR=4.63 (95% CI 1.51-14.15, p=0.007). Conclusions: Abnormal echocardiography results in COVID-19 infection settings are associated with a higher burden of medical comorbidities and independently predict major adverse endpoints. Hand-held POCCUS at presentation can be utilized as an important tool for risk stratification for hospitalized COVID-19 patients. (Figure Presented).

2.
European Heart Journal ; 42(SUPPL 1):1147, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1553893

ABSTRACT

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic is an ongoing global pandemic. Jerusalem with its 919,400 inhabitants has a wide variety of populations, of which 62% are Jews (36% ultra-orthodox;64% non-ultraorthodox) and 38% Arabs which were largely affected by the pandemic. Objectives: The aim of our study was to understand the different presentations, course and clinical outcomes in these different ethnical and cultural groups in Jerusalem in the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: We performed a cohort study of all COVID-19 patients admitted between March 9 - July 16, 2020 to the two university medical centers in Jerusalem. Demographic data, presenting symptoms, comorbid conditions, medications, physical examination, laboratory and imaging data as well as outcome at 30-day were systematically recorded. Patients were divided according to their religion and ethnicity into 3 main groups: 1) Ultra- Orthodox Jews;2) other (non-Ultra-Orthodox) Jews and 3) Arabs. Results: Six hundred and two patients comprised the study population. Of them the 361 (60%) were Ultra-Orthodox Jews;166 (27.5%) non-Ultra- Orthodox Jews and 75 (12.5%) Arabs. The Arab patients were younger than the Ultra-Orthodox Jews and the non-Ultra-Orthodox Jews (51±18 year-old vs. 57±21 and 59±19, respectively, p<0.01), but suffered from significantly more co-morbidities. Fever, cough, dyspnea and fatigue, were more prominent, as presenting symptoms, in the Jewish patients as compared with the Arab patients. Moreover, hemodynamic shock, ischemic ECG changes and pathological chest x-ray were all more frequent in the Ultra-Orthodox patients as compared the other groups of patients. Being an Ultra-Orthodox was independently associated with significantly higher rate of Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events (MACE) [OR=1.96;95% CI (1.03-3.71), p<0.05]. Age was the only independent risk factor associated with increased mortality rate [OR=1.10;95% CI (1.07-1.13), p<0.001]. Conclusions: The COVID-19 first phase in Jerusalem, affected different ethnical and cultural groups differently, with the Ultra-Orthodox Jews mostly affected by admission rates, presenting symptoms clinical course and MACE (Acute coronary syndrome, shock, cerebrovascular event or venous thromboembolism). It is conceivable that vulnerable populations need special attention and health planning in time of pandemic, to prevent rapid distribution and severe morbidity.

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