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J Biol Rhythms ; : 7487304221123455, 2022 Sep 20.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2038527


The majority of high school-aged adolescents obtain less than the recommended amount of sleep per night, in part because of imposed early school start times. Utilizing a naturalistic design, the present study evaluated changes in objective measurements of sleep, light, and physical activity before (baseline) and during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic (during COVID-19) in a group of US adolescents. Sixteen adolescents (aged 15.9 ± 1.2 years, 68.8% female) wore an actigraphy monitor for 7 consecutive days during an in-person week of school before the pandemic (October 2018-February 2020) and again during the pandemic when instruction was performed virtually (May 2020). Delayed weekday sleep onset times of 1.66 ± 1.33 h (p < 0.001) and increased sleep duration of 1 ± 0.87 h (p < 0.001) were observed during COVID-19 compared with baseline. Average lux was significantly higher during COVID-19 compared with baseline (p < 0.001). Weekday physical activity parameters were not altered during COVID-19 compared with baseline, except for a delay in the midpoint of the least active 5 h (p value = 0.044). This analysis provides insight into how introducing flexibility into the traditional school schedule might influence sleep in adolescents.

Calcif Tissue Int ; 110(6): 712-722, 2022 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1913913


PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to determine the bone turnover marker (BTM) response to insufficient and subsequent recovery sleep, independent of changes in posture, body weight, and physical activity. METHODS: Healthy men (N = 12) who habitually slept 7-9 h/night were admitted to an inpatient sleep laboratory for a baseline 8 h/night sleep opportunity followed by six nights of insufficient sleep (5 h/night). Diet, physical activity, and posture were controlled. Serum markers of bone formation (osteocalcin, PINP) and resorption (ß-CTX) were obtained over 24 h at baseline and on the last night of sleep restriction, and on fasted samples obtained daily while inpatient and five times after discharge over 3 weeks. Maximum likelihood estimates in a repeated measures model were used to assess the effect of insufficient and subsequent recovery sleep on BTM levels. RESULTS: There was no statistically or clinically significant change in PINP (p = 0.53), osteocalcin (p = 0.66), or ß-CTX (p = 0.10) in response to six nights of insufficient sleep. There were no significant changes in BTMs from the inpatient stay through 3 weeks of recovery sleep (all p [Formula: see text] 0.63). On average, body weight was stable during the inpatient stay (Δweight = - 0.55 ± 0.91 kg, p = 0.06). CONCLUSION: No significant changes in serum BTMs were observed after six nights of insufficient or subsequent recovery sleep in young healthy men. Changes in weight and physical activity may be required to observe significant BTM change in response to sleep and circadian disruptions. Clinical Trials Registration Registered at (NCT03733483) on November 7, 2018.

Sleep Deprivation , Sleep , Biomarkers , Body Weight , Bone Remodeling , Humans , Male , Osteocalcin , Sleep/physiology
Curr Biol ; 30(14): R797-R798, 2020 07 20.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-592063


Sleep health has multiple dimensions including duration, regularity, timing, and quality [1-4]. The Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak led to Stay-at-Home orders and Social Distancing Requirements in countries throughout the world to limit the spread of COVID-19. We investigated sleep behaviors prior to and during Stay-at-Home orders in 139 university students (aged 22.2 ± 1.7 years old [±SD]) while respectively taking the same classes in-person and remotely. During Stay-at-Home, nightly time in bed devoted to sleep (TIB, a proxy for sleep duration with regard to public health recommendations [5]) increased by ∼30 min during weekdays and by ∼24 mins on weekends and regularity of sleep timing improved by ∼12 min. Sleep timing became later by ∼50 min during weekdays and ∼25 min on weekends, and thus the difference between weekend and weekday sleep timing decreased - hence reducing the amount of social jetlag [6,7]. Further, we find individual differences in the change of TIB devoted to sleep such that students with shorter TIB at baseline before the first COVID-19 cases emerged locally had larger increases in weekday and weekend TIB during Stay-at-Home. The percentage of participants that reported 7 h or more sleep per night, the minimum recommended sleep duration for adults to maintain health [5] - including immune health - increased from 84% to 92% for weekdays during Stay-at-Home versus baseline. Understanding the factors underlying such changes in sleep health behaviors could help inform public health recommendations with the goal of improving sleep health during and following the Stay-at-Home orders of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Communicable Disease Control , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Sleep , Students , COVID-19 , Chronobiology Disorders/physiopathology , Circadian Rhythm , Colorado/epidemiology , Humans , Pandemics , Universities