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1.
Small ; : e2206349, 2022 Dec 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2253696

ABSTRACT

Infection classification is the key for choosing the proper treatment plans. Early determination of the causative agents is critical for disease control. Host responses analysis can detect variform and sensitive host inflammatory responses to ascertain the presence and type of the infection. However, traditional host-derived inflammatory indicators are insufficient for clinical infection classification. Fingerprints-based omic analysis has attracted increasing attention globally for analyzing the complex host systemic immune response. A single type of fingerprints is not applicable for infection classification (area under curve (AUC) of 0.550-0.617). Herein, an infection classification platform based on deep learning of dual plasma fingerprints (DPFs-DL) is developed. The DPFs with high reproducibility (coefficient of variation <15%) are obtained at low sample consumption (550 nL native plasma) using inorganic nanoparticle and organic matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry. A classifier (DPFs-DL) for viral versus bacterial infection discrimination (AUC of 0.775) and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-2019) diagnosis (AUC of 0.917) is also built. Furthermore, a metabolic biomarker panel of two differentially regulated metabolites, which may serve as potential biomarkers for COVID-19 management (AUC of 0.677-0.883), is constructed. This study will contribute to the development of precision clinical care for infectious diseases.

2.
Drug Deliv ; 29(1): 386-398, 2022 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2187330

ABSTRACT

The potential of nucleic acid therapeutics to treat diseases by targeting specific cells has resulted in its increasing number of uses in clinical settings. However, the major challenge is to deliver bio-macromolecules into target cells and/or subcellular locations of interest ahead in the development of delivery systems. Although, supercharged residues replaced protein 36 + GFP can facilitate itself and cargoes delivery, its efficiency is still limited. Therefore, we combined our recent progress to further improve 36 + GFP based delivery efficiency. We found that the penetration efficacy of 36 + GFP protein was significantly improved by fusion with CPP-Dot1l or treatment with penetration enhancer dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) in vitro. After safely packaged with plasmid DNA, we found that the efficacy of in vitro and in vivo transfection mediated by 36 + GFP-Dot1l fusion protein is also significantly improved than 36 + GFP itself. Our findings illustrated that fusion with CPP-Dot1l or incubation with DMSO is an alternative way to synergically promote 36 + GFP mediated plasmid DNA delivery in vitro and in vivo.


Subject(s)
Cell-Penetrating Peptides/pharmacokinetics , Drug Delivery Systems/methods , Green Fluorescent Proteins/pharmacokinetics , Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase/pharmacokinetics , Nucleic Acids/administration & dosage , Animals , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Survival/drug effects , Dimethyl Sulfoxide/chemistry , Green Fluorescent Proteins/chemistry , Hemolysis/drug effects , Humans , Mice , Particle Size , Surface Properties , Transfection/methods
3.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 7(1): 382, 2022 Nov 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2133303

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 patients can develop clinical and histopathological features associated with fibrosis, but the pathogenesis of fibrosis remains poorly understood. CD147 has been identified as a universal receptor for SARS-CoV-2 and its variants, which could initiate COVID-19-related cytokine storm. Here, we systemically analyzed lung pathogenesis in SARS-CoV-2- and its delta variant-infected humanized CD147 transgenic mice. Histopathology and Transmission Electron Microscopy revealed inflammation, fibroblast expansion and pronounced fibrotic remodeling in SARS-CoV-2-infected lungs. Consistently, RNA-sequencing identified a set of fibrosis signature genes. Furthermore, we identified CD147 as a crucial regulator for fibroblast activation induced by SARS-CoV-2. We found conditional knockout of CD147 in fibroblast suppressed activation of fibroblasts, decreasing susceptibility to bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis. Meplazumab, a CD147 antibody, was able to inhibit the accumulation of activated fibroblasts and the production of ECM proteins, thus alleviating the progression of pulmonary fibrosis caused by SARS-CoV-2. In conclusion, we demonstrated that CD147 contributed to SARS-CoV-2-triggered progressive pulmonary fibrosis and identified CD147 as a potential therapeutic target for treating patients with post-COVID-19 pulmonary fibrosis.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pulmonary Fibrosis , Mice , Animals , Pulmonary Fibrosis/genetics , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/genetics
4.
BMJ Open ; 12(7): e058078, 2022 07 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1932738

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic has created a huge social and economic burden, and the lifestyles of individuals have significantly changed. In addition, the diagnosis, treatment and management of patients with cancer were greatly affected. Studies have shown that patients with cancer are at a higher risk of COVID-19 infection-related complications, which require aggressive preventive measures. Different types of cancer may have different risks of COVID-19 infection and death, and different preventive care measures are needed for different types of patients with cancer. Here, we designed a protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the impact of cancer types on COVID-19 infection and mortality risk. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A systematic search plan will be performed to filter the eligible studies in the seven databases, namely PubMed, Cochrane search strategy, EMBASE search strategy, SinoMed, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Science and Technology Journals Database, and Wanfang database from 2019 to 10 August 2021. Two independent reviewers will choose the eligible studies and extract the data. The risk of bias will be evaluated based on the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale recommended by the Cochrane Collaboration. Finally, a systematic review and meta-analysis will be performed using Review Manager (V.5.3) statistical software. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Formal ethical approval is not required, and the findings will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42021271108.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Neoplasms , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/mortality , Humans , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Neoplasms/complications , Pandemics , Research Design , Systematic Reviews as Topic
5.
Internet Research ; 31(6):2033-2054, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1515142

ABSTRACT

PurposeWith the popularity of the internet, access to health-related information has become more convenient. However, the easy acquisition of e-health information could lead to unfavorable consequences, such as health anxiety. The purpose of this paper is to explore a set of important influencing factors that lead to health anxiety.Design/methodology/approachBased on the stimulus–organism–response (S-O-R) framework, we propose a theoretical model of health anxiety, with metacognitive beliefs and catastrophic misinterpretation as the mediators between stimulus factors and health anxiety. Using 218 self-reported data points, the authors empirically examine the research model and hypotheses.FindingsThe study results show that anxiety sensitivity positively affects metacognitive beliefs. The severity of physical symptoms has a significant positive impact on catastrophic misinterpretation. Metacognitive beliefs and catastrophic misinterpretation have significant positive impacts on health anxiety.Originality/valueBased on the S-O-R model, this paper develops a comprehensive model to explain health anxiety and verifies the model using firsthand data.

6.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 347, 2021 09 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1437669

ABSTRACT

SARS-CoV-2 mutations contribute to increased viral transmissibility and immune escape, compromising the effectiveness of existing vaccines and neutralizing antibodies. An in-depth investigation on COVID-19 pathogenesis is urgently needed to develop a strategy against SARS-CoV-2 variants. Here, we identified CD147 as a universal receptor for SARS-CoV-2 and its variants. Meanwhile, Meplazeumab, a humanized anti-CD147 antibody, could block cellular entry of SARS-CoV-2 and its variants-alpha, beta, gamma, and delta, with inhibition rates of 68.7, 75.7, 52.1, 52.1, and 62.3% at 60 µg/ml, respectively. Furthermore, humanized CD147 transgenic mice were susceptible to SARS-CoV-2 and its two variants, alpha and beta. When infected, these mice developed exudative alveolar pneumonia, featured by immune responses involving alveoli-infiltrated macrophages, neutrophils, and lymphocytes and activation of IL-17 signaling pathway. Mechanistically, we proposed that severe COVID-19-related cytokine storm is induced by a "spike protein-CD147-CyPA signaling axis": Infection of SARS-CoV-2 through CD147 initiated the JAK-STAT pathway, which further induced expression of cyclophilin A (CyPA); CyPA reciprocally bound to CD147 and triggered MAPK pathway. Consequently, the MAPK pathway regulated the expression of cytokines and chemokines, which promoted the development of cytokine storm. Importantly, Meplazumab could effectively inhibit viral entry and inflammation caused by SARS-CoV-2 and its variants. Therefore, our findings provided a new perspective for severe COVID-19-related pathogenesis. Furthermore, the validated universal receptor for SARS-CoV-2 and its variants can be targeted for COVID-19 treatment.


Subject(s)
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2/metabolism , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized/pharmacology , Basigin/antagonists & inhibitors , Basigin/metabolism , COVID-19 Drug Treatment , COVID-19/metabolism , Cytokine Release Syndrome/drug therapy , SARS-CoV-2/metabolism , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2/genetics , Animals , Basigin/genetics , COVID-19/genetics , Chlorocebus aethiops , Cytokine Release Syndrome/genetics , Cytokine Release Syndrome/metabolism , Humans , MAP Kinase Signaling System/drug effects , MAP Kinase Signaling System/genetics , Mice , Mice, Transgenic , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Vero Cells
7.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 5(1): 283, 2020 12 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-957563

ABSTRACT

In face of the everlasting battle toward COVID-19 and the rapid evolution of SARS-CoV-2, no specific and effective drugs for treating this disease have been reported until today. Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), a receptor of SARS-CoV-2, mediates the virus infection by binding to spike protein. Although ACE2 is expressed in the lung, kidney, and intestine, its expressing levels are rather low, especially in the lung. Considering the great infectivity of COVID-19, we speculate that SARS-CoV-2 may depend on other routes to facilitate its infection. Here, we first discover an interaction between host cell receptor CD147 and SARS-CoV-2 spike protein. The loss of CD147 or blocking CD147 in Vero E6 and BEAS-2B cell lines by anti-CD147 antibody, Meplazumab, inhibits SARS-CoV-2 amplification. Expression of human CD147 allows virus entry into non-susceptible BHK-21 cells, which can be neutralized by CD147 extracellular fragment. Viral loads are detectable in the lungs of human CD147 (hCD147) mice infected with SARS-CoV-2, but not in those of virus-infected wild type mice. Interestingly, virions are observed in lymphocytes of lung tissue from a COVID-19 patient. Human T cells with a property of ACE2 natural deficiency can be infected with SARS-CoV-2 pseudovirus in a dose-dependent manner, which is specifically inhibited by Meplazumab. Furthermore, CD147 mediates virus entering host cells by endocytosis. Together, our study reveals a novel virus entry route, CD147-spike protein, which provides an important target for developing specific and effective drug against COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Basigin/genetics , COVID-19/genetics , SARS-CoV-2/immunology , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/immunology , Animals , Basigin/immunology , COVID-19/immunology , COVID-19/pathology , COVID-19/virology , Host-Pathogen Interactions/immunology , Humans , Lung/immunology , Lung/pathology , Lung/virology , Mice , Pandemics , Protein Binding/immunology , Protein Domains/genetics , Protein Domains/immunology , SARS-CoV-2/pathogenicity , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/genetics , Virus Internalization
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