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1.
J Clin Gastroenterol ; 54(10): 833-840, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-963399

ABSTRACT

Performance of endoscopic procedures is associated with a risk of infection from COVID-19. This risk can be reduced by the use of personal protective equipment (PPE). However, shortage of PPE has emerged as an important issue in managing the pandemic in both traditionally high and low-resource areas. A group of clinicians and researchers from thirteen countries representing low, middle, and high-income areas has developed recommendations for optimal utilization of PPE before, during, and after gastrointestinal endoscopy with particular reference to low-resource situations. We determined that there is limited flexibility with regard to the utilization of PPE between ideal and low-resource settings. Some compromises are possible, especially with regard to PPE use, during endoscopic procedures. We have, therefore, also stressed the need to prevent transmission of COVID-19 by measures other than PPE and to conserve PPE by reduction of patient volume, limiting procedures to urgent or emergent, and reducing the number of staff and trainees involved in procedures. This guidance aims to optimize utilization of PPE and protection of health care providers.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/economics , Health Resources/economics , Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional/prevention & control , Pandemics/prevention & control , Personal Protective Equipment/standards , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Practice Guidelines as Topic , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/statistics & numerical data , Female , Gastroenterology/standards , Global Health , Humans , Infection Control/organization & administration , Internationality , Male , Occupational Health/statistics & numerical data , Pandemics/statistics & numerical data , Personal Protective Equipment/statistics & numerical data , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Poverty , Societies, Medical
2.
JGH Open ; 4(6): 1047-1058, 2020 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-893233

ABSTRACT

Although most COVID-19 patients typically present with respiratory symptoms, many patients could experience digestive symptoms as the major complaint. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the exact prevalence of digestive symptoms and liver injury in COVID-19 patients and compare the difference between patients with and without digestive symptoms. PubMed, Embase, Ovid, Wanfang data, and CNKI were searched until 24 April 2020 to identify studies that reported digestive symptoms and liver injury in COVID-19 patients. A random-effect model was used to combine the data. Finally, 64 studies with 15 141 patients were included. The pooled rate of digestive symptoms and liver dysfunction was 31.8% (95 CI 21.0-42.5%, I 2 = 97.6%) and 27.4% (95 CI 16.9-37.9%, I 2 = 97.9%), respectively. Patients with digestive symptoms were more likely to present with fatigue (OR 2.28, 95 CI 1.66-3.14, P < 0.00001, I 2 = 31%), myalgia (OR 1.96, 95 CI 1.06-3.65, P = 0.03, I 2 = 69%), and acute respiratory disease syndrome (ARDS) (OR 2.94, 95 CI 1.17-7.40, P = 0.02, I 2 = 0) and had a trend to present as severe/critical type (OR 1.87, 95 CI 0.98-3.57, P = 0.06, I 2 = 58%). Severe/critical patients were more likely to present with diarrhea (OR 2.02, 95 CI 1.16-3.50, P = 0.01, I 2 = 64) and have high alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (OR 2.08, 95 CI 1.55-2.81, P < 0.00001, I 2 = 13%,) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (OR 3.53, 95 CI 2.76-4.51, P < 0.00001, I 2 = 0). The pooled rate of patients with digestive symptoms was 28.7% (95 CI 17.6-39.8%) and 42.8% (95 CI 23.4-62.3%) in studies from China and out of China, respectively. COVID-19 patients had a high rate of digestive symptoms and liver injury. Patients with digestive symptoms had a trend to develop severe/critical illness.

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